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In JoVE (1)
- The Vermicelli and Capellini Handling Tests: Simple quantitative measures of dexterous forepaw function in rats and mice
Other Publications (2)
Articles by Aaron L. Asay in JoVE
The Vermicelli and Capellini Handling Tests: Simple quantitative measures of dexterous forepaw function in rats and mice
Kelly A. Tennant1, Aaron L. Asay2, Rachel P. Allred3, Angela R. Ozburn4, Jeffrey A. Kleim5, Theresa A. Jones1,2
1Institute for Neuroscience, University of Texas at Austin, 2Department of Psychology, University of Texas at Austin, 3Department of Neurology, University of Florida, 4Department of Psychiatry, University of Texas Southwestern Medical Center, 5Department of Neuroscience, McKnight Brain Institute, University of Florida
The Vermicelli and Capellini Handling Tests of forepaw dexterity take advantage of the natural inclination of rodents to manipulate food items using skillful forepaw and digit movements. Animals are videotaped while handling short strands of uncooked dry pasta. Slow motion video playback allows for the quantification of forepaw adjustments.
Other articles by Aaron L. Asay on PubMed
Regulatory Peptides. Feb, 2008 | Pubmed ID: 17698214
Alterations in synaptic efficiency that underlie learning and memory consolidation appear to require an accompanying reconfiguration of the extracellular matrix (ECM). This restructuring of the ECM is carried out, in part, by a family of enzymes called, the matrix metalloproteinases, which includes matrix metalloproteinase-3 (MMP-3: stromelysin-1). The present study determined that a transient elevation in hippocampal MMP-3 expression occurred in rats following associative learning in the passive avoidance (PA) task. No change in MMP-3 was observed when rats were exposed either to the behavioral apparatus or the training stimulus alone. Furthermore, when an MMP-3 inhibitor was administered prior to PA training, dose-dependent learning deficits were observed, suggesting a causal relationship between learning-induced hippocampal MMP-3 elevation and associative memory formation. These findings suggest that increased hippocampal MMP-3 expression is an event that may play an important role in synaptic plasticity and memory consolidation.
The Organization of the Forelimb Representation of the C57BL/6 Mouse Motor Cortex As Defined by Intracortical Microstimulation and Cytoarchitecture
Cerebral Cortex (New York, N.Y. : 1991). Apr, 2011 | Pubmed ID: 20739477
The organization of forelimb representation areas of the monkey, cat, and rat motor cortices has been studied in depth, but its characterization in the mouse lags far behind. We used intracortical microstimulation (ICMS) and cytoarchitectonics to characterize the general organization of the C57BL/6 mouse motor cortex, and the forelimb representation in more detail. We found that the forelimb region spans a large area of frontal cortex, bordered primarily by vibrissa, neck, shoulder, and hindlimb representations. It included a large caudal forelimb area, dominated by digit representation, and a small rostral forelimb area, containing elbow and wrist representations. When the entire motor cortex was mapped, the forelimb was found to be the largest movement representation, followed by head and hindlimb representations. The ICMS-defined motor cortex spanned cytoarchitecturally identified lateral agranular cortex (AGl) and also extended into medial agranular cortex. Forelimb and hindlimb representations extended into granular cortex in a region that also had cytoarchitectural characteristics of AGl, consistent with the primary motor-somatosensory overlap zone (OL) characterized in rats. Thus, the mouse motor cortex has homologies with the rat in having 2 forelimb representations and an OL but is distinct in the predominance of digit representations.