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In JoVE (1)
- En Allelotyping PCR för att identifiera Salmonella enterica Serotyper Enteritidis, Hadar, Heidelberg, och typhimurium
Other Publications (2)
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Articles by Adriana Pedroso in JoVE
En Allelotyping PCR för att identifiera Salmonella enterica Serotyper Enteritidis, Hadar, Heidelberg, och typhimurium
John J. Maurer, Margie D. Lee, Ying Cheng, Adriana Pedroso
Department of Population Health, University of Georgia
Vi beskriver en multiplex PCR för snabb detektion av Salmonella enterica serotyper Enteritidis, Hadar, Heidelberg, och typhimurium. Särskilda Salmonella serotyper kan identifieras genom att rikta en multiplex PCR till gener och sekvenser som är unika för O-antigen biosyntes kluster och flagellin av en viss serovar. Serovar tilldelas sedan till en Salmonella isolera baserad på uppkomsten av specifika, storlek amplicons (PCR-produkt) som motsvarar målet allel.
Other articles by Adriana Pedroso on PubMed
Fertility and Hatchability of Eggs Laid in the Pullet-to-breeder Transition Period and in the Initial Production Period
Animal Reproduction Science. Dec, 2005 | Pubmed ID: 15869849
The initial eggs produced by broiler breeder hens are relatively small compared with later in the production cycle. An evaluation of indices related to hatchability is required when these eggs are to be used for the production of broiler chicks. Two experiments were conducted to evaluate characteristics related to the hatchability of eggs from pullet-to-breeder transition phase, at 25 and 27 weeks of age, and from the peak of production period and five weeks later, at 32 and 37 weeks of age. Eggs from birds 25 weeks had a lesser fertility in Experiment 1. Mortality occurred unevenly in early (1-5 days), middle (6-17 days) and late (18-21 days) incubation, and greater mortality was observed after the internal membrane was ruptured. The younger the hen, the lighter the egg, chick, and shell, and the longer the time required to complete the hatching process. In Experiment 2, greater mortalities were observed at the early period (1-5 days) and after "pipping" of the internal and external membranes. Embryos from heavy eggs of breeder hens 37 weeks of age took less time to complete the hatching process. Results indicated the larger the egg, the heavier the chick and shell, and the lesser the shell percentage. As breeder age advanced, characteristics related to egg fertility and hatchability improved.
Antimicrobial Resistance-conferring Plasmids with Similarity to Virulence Plasmids from Avian Pathogenic Escherichia Coli Strains in Salmonella Enterica Serovar Kentucky Isolates from Poultry
Applied and Environmental Microbiology. Sep, 2009 | Pubmed ID: 19648374
Salmonella enterica, a leading cause of food-borne gastroenteritis worldwide, may be found in any raw food of animal, vegetable, or fruit origin. Salmonella serovars differ in distribution, virulence, and host specificity. Salmonella enterica serovar Kentucky, though often found in the food supply, is less commonly isolated from ill humans. The multidrug-resistant isolate S. Kentucky CVM29188, isolated from a chicken breast sample in 2003, contains three plasmids (146,811 bp, 101,461 bp, and 46,121 bp), two of which carry resistance determinants (pCVM29188_146 [strAB and tetRA] and pCVM29188_101 [bla(CMY-2) and sugE]). Both resistance plasmids were transferable by conjugation, alone or in combination, to S. Kentucky, Salmonella enterica serovar Newport, and Escherichia coli recipients. pCVM29188_146 shares a highly conserved plasmid backbone of 106 kb (>90% nucleotide identity) with two virulence plasmids from avian pathogenic Escherichia coli strains (pAPEC-O1-ColBM and pAPEC-O2-ColV). Shared avian pathogenic E. coli (APEC) virulence factors include iutA iucABCD, sitABCD, etsABC, iss, and iroBCDEN. PCR analyses of recent (1997 to 2005) S. Kentucky isolates from food animal, retail meat, and human sources revealed that 172 (60%) contained similar APEC-like plasmid backbones. Notably, though rare in human- and cattle-derived isolates, this plasmid backbone was found at a high frequency (50 to 100%) among S. Kentucky isolates from chickens within the same time span. Ninety-four percent of the APEC-positive isolates showed resistance to tetracycline and streptomycin. Together, our findings of a resistance-conferring APEC virulence plasmid in a poultry-derived S. Kentucky isolate and of similar resistance/virulence plasmids in most recent S. Kentucky isolates from chickens and, to lesser degree, from humans and cattle highlight the need for additional research in order to examine the prevalence and spread of combined virulence and resistance plasmids in bacteria in agricultural, environmental, and clinical settings.