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In JoVE (1)
- Geoptimaliseerd transfectie strategie voor Expressie en elektrofysiologische opname van recombinant voltage-gated ion kanalen in HEK-293T cellen
Other Publications (4)
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Articles by Adrienne N. Boone in JoVE
Geoptimaliseerd transfectie strategie voor Expressie en elektrofysiologische opname van recombinant voltage-gated ion kanalen in HEK-293T cellen
Adriano Senatore, Adrienne N. Boone, J. David Spafford
Department of Biology, University of Waterloo
Betrouwbare methode voor zeer efficiënte
Other articles by Adrienne N. Boone on PubMed
Constitutive Heat Shock Protein 70 (HSC70) Expression in Rainbow Trout Hepatocytes: Effect of Heat Shock and Heavy Metal Exposure
Comparative Biochemistry and Physiology. Toxicology & Pharmacology : CBP. Jun, 2002 | Pubmed ID: 12106899
The 70-kDa family of heat shock proteins plays an important role as molecular chaperones in unstressed and stressed cells. The constitutive member of the 70 family (hsc70) is crucial for the chaperoning function of unstressed cells, whereas the inducible form (hsp70) is important for allowing cells to cope with acute stressor insult, especially those affecting the protein machinery. In fish, the role of hsc70 in the cellular stress response process is less clear primarily because of the lack of a fish-specific antibody for hsc70 detection. In this study, we purified hsc70 to homogeneity from trout liver using a three-step purification protocol with differential centrifugation, ATP-agarose affinity chromatography and electroelution. Polyclonal antibodies to trout hsc70 generated in rabbits cross-reacted strongly with both purified trout hsc70 protein and also purified recombinant bovine hsc70. Two-dimensional electrophoresis followed by Western blotting confirmed that the isoelectric point of rainbow trout hsc70 was more acidic than hsp70. Using this antibody, we detected hsc70 content in the liver, heart, gill and skeletal muscle of unstressed rainbow trout. Primary cultures of trout hepatocytes subjected to a heat shock (+15 degrees C for 1 h) or exposed to either CuSO(4) (200 microM for 24 h), CdCl(2) (10 microM for 24 h) or NaAsO(2) (50 microM for 1 h) resulted in higher hsp70 accumulation over a 24-h period. However, hsc70 content showed no change with either heat shock or heavy metal exposure suggesting that hsc70 is not modulated by sublethal acute stressors in trout hepatocytes. Taken together, we have for the first time generated polyclonal antibodies specific to rainbow trout hsc70 and this antibody will allow for the characterization of the role of hsc70 in the cellular stress response process in fish.
Glucocorticoid-mediated Attenuation of the Hsp70 Response in Trout Hepatocytes Involves the Proteasome
American Journal of Physiology. Regulatory, Integrative and Comparative Physiology. Sep, 2002 | Pubmed ID: 12185003
The physiological implication of elevated cortisol levels on cellular heat-shock protein 70 (hsp70) response was examined using primary cultures of rainbow trout (Oncorhynchus mykiss) hepatocytes. Trout hepatocytes treated with cortisol, the predominant glucocorticoid in teleosts, responded to the heat shock (+15 degrees C for 1 h) with a significant drop in hsp70 accumulation over a 24-h recovery period. [(35)S]methionine incorporation and pulse-chase studies confirmed that this cortisol impact was due to decreased hsp70 synthesis and not enhanced protein breakdown. Cortisol also significantly decreased glucocorticoid receptor (GR) expression in trout hepatocytes. This receptor downregulation was inhibited by the proteasomal inhibitors, lactacystin and MG-132, implying a role for the proteasome in GR downregulation by cortisol. Inhibiting the proteasome did not significantly modify heat-induced hsp70 accumulation in the absence of cortisol but significantly elevated hsp70 expression in the presence of cortisol in heat-shocked trout hepatocytes. Taken together, our results suggest proteasome-mediated GR degradation as a mechanism for the attenuation of hsp70 response by cortisol in heat-shocked hepatocytes.
Comparative Biochemistry and Physiology. Toxicology & Pharmacology : CBP. Jul, 2003 | Pubmed ID: 12927909
The mechanism underlying copper hepatotoxicity was investigated in primary cultures of rainbow trout hepatocytes maintained in Leibovitz-15 media. CuSO4 treatment (0, 25, 50, 100 and 200 microM) resulted in a dose-dependent elevation in heat shock protein 70 (hsp70) expression at 24 and 48 h post-exposure. There was no effect of copper (200 microM CuSO4) on hepatotoxicity at 24 h, whereas longer exposures (48 h) resulted in increased lactate dehydrogenase (LDH) leakage and apoptosis, demonstrated by fluorescence nuclear staining and DNA fragmentation. Vitamin C (1 mM), a free radical scavenger, inhibited this copper-induced apoptosis implying a role for reactive oxygen species in copper toxicity. However, no parallel inhibition of either LDH leakage or hsp70 protein expression was observed with vitamin C suggesting that at least two independent mechanisms are involved in the cellular response to copper. Also, copper exposed (24 h) cells were unable to mount an hsp70 response to a standardized heat shock (+15 degrees C for 1 h), even in the presence of vitamin C. Together, these results suggest that hepatotoxicity of copper includes impairment of hsp70 response to subsequent stressors and/or signals, which is crucial for protecting cells from proteotoxicity.
Investigative Ophthalmology & Visual Science. Oct, 2004 | Pubmed ID: 15452064
To determine the role of eukaryotic translation initiation factor 5A (eIF5A) in TNF-alpha-induced apoptosis of lamina cribrosa (LC) cells.