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In JoVE (1)
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Articles by Allison A. Feduccia in JoVE
Aparelho novo e Método para Reforço de Drogas
Allison A. Feduccia, Christine L. Duvauchelle
College of Pharmacy, Division of Pharmacology and Toxicology, University of Texas at Austin
Operante de drogas auto-administração e preferência local condicionado (CPP) procedimentos são utilizados em pesquisas expansiva para modelo de vários componentes de reforço de drogas, consumo e dependência em humanos. Neste relatório, nós combinamos os métodos tradicionais de CPP e auto-administração como uma nova abordagem para estudar o reforço de drogas e vício em ratos.
Other articles by Allison A. Feduccia on PubMed
Auditory Stimuli Enhance MDMA-conditioned Reward and MDMA-induced Nucleus Accumbens Dopamine, Serotonin and Locomotor Responses
Brain Research Bulletin. Oct, 2008 | Pubmed ID: 18722516
MDMA (3,4-methylenedioxymethamphetamine), also known as ecstasy, is a popular drug often taken in environments rich in audio and visual stimulation, such as clubs and dance parties. The present experiments were conducted to test the notion that auditory stimulation influences the rewarding effects of MDMA. In Experiment 1, a conditioned place preference (CPP) procedure was conducted in which rats received MDMA (1.5mg/kg, s.c.) in a distinctive environment accompanied by music (65-75dB), white noise (70dB), or no added sound. Animals were pretreated with saline on alternating days in an alternate environment. Results revealed CPP in animals exposed to white noise during MDMA trials. For Experiment 2, rats from Experiment 1 had access to operant levers that delivered intravenous MDMA (0.5mg/kg/inj) or saline (0.1ml) on alternate days in the presence or absence of the same types of auditory stimuli as previously experienced. After three each of MDMA and non-reinforced (saline) sessions, animals were tested for NAcc DA and 5-HT responses to MDMA (1.5mg/kg) or saline under the same stimulus conditions. Findings revealed that NAcc DA and 5-HT increased after an MDMA injection, and both DA and 5-HT were significantly highest in animals exposed to music during the test session. These results indicate that paired sensorial stimuli can engage the same systems activated during drug use and enhance neurochemical and behavioral responses to MDMA administration.
European Neuropsychopharmacology : the Journal of the European College of Neuropsychopharmacology. Dec, 2010 | Pubmed ID: 20888192
There is a concern that hot environments enhance adverse effects of 3,4-methylenedioxymethamphetamine (MDMA or "Ecstasy"). In this study, long-term (4-weeks) daily MDMA self-administration sessions and an MDMA Challenge test were conducted with rats under normal and high thermal conditions (23° or 32°C). During MDMA self-administration sessions, activity and body temperature were increased by heat or MDMA experience, while MDMA self-administration rates increased with experience, but were comparable between thermal conditions. At the MDMA Challenge test (3.0 mg/kg, i.v.), in vivo microdialysis showed that nucleus accumbens serotonin (NAcc 5-HT) and dopamine (DA) responses were significantly increased in both thermal conditions. In the heated environment, MDMA-stimulated 5-HT responses and core temperature (but not DA) were significantly greater than at room temperature. Though the heated environment did not acutely boost MDMA intake, exaggerated NAcc 5-HT responses to MDMA may result in 5-HT depletion; a condition associated with Ecstasy use escalation and neural dysfunctions altering mood and cognition.