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In JoVE (1)
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Articles by Amany Abdelkader in JoVE
Undecalcified Bone Preparation for Histology, Histomorphometry and Fluorochrome Analysis
Tony Goldschlager1, Amany Abdelkader1, Jeffrey Kerr2, Ian Boundy2, Graham Jenkin1
1Monash Immunology and Stem Cell Laboratories, Monash University, 2Anatomy and Developmental Biology, Monash University
Undecalcified bone histology provides important information for a variety of clinical and research applications. It is technically challenging, particularly with large size specimens. This video illustrates the process of producing good quality sections and demonstrates the technical difficulties and methods with which to overcome them.
Other articles by Amany Abdelkader on PubMed
Hypertension. Oct, 2009 | Pubmed ID: 19667247
Early studies indicate that the hypertension observed in the Schlager inbred mouse strain may be attributed to a neurogenic mechanism. In this study, we examined the contribution of the sympathetic nervous system in maintaining hypertension in the BPH/2J mouse and used c-Fos immunohistochemistry to elucidate whether neuronal activation in specific brain regions was associated with waking blood pressure. Male hypertensive (BPH/2J; n=14), normotensive (BPN/3J; n=18), and C57/Bl6 (n=5) mice were implanted with telemetry devices, and after 10 days of recovery, recordings of blood pressure, heart rate, and locomotor activity were measured to determine circadian variation. Mean arterial pressure was higher in BPH/2J than in BPN/3J or C57/Bl6 mice (P<0.001), and BPH/2J animals showed exaggerated day-night differences (17+/-2 versus 6+/-1 mm Hg in BPN/3J or +8+/-2 mm Hg in C57/Bl6 mice; P<0.001). Acute sympathetic blockade with pentolinium (7.5 mg/kg IP) during the active and inactive phases reduced blood pressure to comparable levels in BPH/2J and BPN/3J mice. The number of c-Fos-labeled cells was greater in the amygdala (+180%; P<0.01), paraventricular nucleus (+110%; P<0.001), and dorsomedial hypothalamus (+48%; P<0.001) in the active (hypertensive) phase in BPH/2J compared with BPN/3J mice. The level of neuronal activation was mostly similar in these regions in the inactive phase. Of all of the regions studied, neuronal activation in the medial amygdala, as detected by c-Fos, was highly correlated to mean arterial pressure (r=0.98). These findings indicate that the hypertension is largely attributable to sympathetic nervous system activity, possibly generated through greater levels of arousal regulated by neurons located in the medial amygdala.