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In JoVE (1)
Other Publications (2)
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Articles by Andrew Rau in JoVE
DiOLISTIC Märkning av nervceller från gnagare och icke-mänskliga primater Slices Brain
Gail K. Seabold1, James B. Daunais2, Andrew Rau3, Kathleen A. Grant3, Veronica A. Alvarez1
1Section on Neuronal Structure, Laboratory for Integrative Neuroscience, NIAAA, NIH, 2Department Physiology and Pharmacology, Wake Forest University Health Sciences, 3Oregon National Primate Research Center, Division of Neuroscience, Oregon Health and Science University
Vi demonstrera användningen av genen pistol för att införa fluorescerande färger, såsom DII, i nervceller i hjärnan skivor från gnagare och icke-mänskliga primater i olika åldrar. I det här fallet använder vi vuxna möss (3-6 månader) och vuxna cynomologus apor (9-15 år). Denna teknik, ursprungligen beskrevs av laboratoriet av Dr Lichtman (Gan
Other articles by Andrew Rau on PubMed
Methods (San Diego, Calif.). Mar, 2010 | Pubmed ID: 19364532
Numerous biochemical as well as electrophysiological techniques require tissue that must be retrieved very quickly following death in order to preserve the physiological integrity of the neuronal environment. Therefore, the ability to accurately predict the precise locations of brain regions of interest (ROI) and to retrieve those areas as quickly as possible following the brain harvest is critical for subsequent analyses. One way to achieve this objective is the utilization of high-resolution MRI to guide the subsequent dissections. In the present study, individual MRI images of the brains of rhesus and cynomolgus macaques that had chronically self-administered ethanol were employed in order to determine which blocks of dissected tissue contained specific ROIs. MRI-guided brain dissection of discrete brain regions was completely accurate in 100% of the cases. In comparison, approximately 60-70% accuracy was achieved in dissections that relied on external landmarks alone without the aid of MRI. These results clearly demonstrate that the accuracy of targeting specific brain areas can be improved with high-resolution MR imaging.
Synaptic and Morphological Neuroadaptations in the Putamen Associated with Long-term, Relapsing Alcohol Drinking in Primates
Neuropsychopharmacology : Official Publication of the American College of Neuropsychopharmacology. Nov, 2011 | Pubmed ID: 21796110
Alcoholism and alcohol use disorders are characterized by several months to decades of heavy and problematic drinking, interspersed with periods of abstinence and relapse to heavy drinking. This alcohol-drinking phenotype was modeled using macaque monkeys to explore neuronal adaptations in the striatum, a brain region controlling habitual behaviors. Prolonged drinking with repeated abstinence narrowed the variability in daily intake, increased the amount of ethanol consumed in bouts, and led to higher blood ethanol concentrations more than twice the legal intoxication limit. After the final abstinence period of this extensive drinking protocol, we found a selective increase in dendritic spine density and enhanced glutamatergic transmission in the putamen, but not in the caudate nucleus. Intrinsic excitability of medium-sized spiny neurons was also enhanced in the putamen of alcohol-drinking monkeys in comparison with non-drinkers, and GABAeric transmission was selectively suppressed in the putamen of heavy drinkers. These morphological and physiological changes indicate a shift in the balance of inhibitory/excitatory transmission that biases the circuit toward an enduring increase in synaptic activation of putamen output as a consequence of prolonged heavy drinking/relapse. The resultant potential for increased putamen activation may underlie an alcohol-drinking phenotype of regulated drinking and sustained intoxication.