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In JoVE (2)
- Oclusão Vascular Formação para a Inclusão Miosite Corpo: uma nova abordagem terapêutica
- Determinar a contribuição dos Sistemas de energia durante o exercício
Other Publications (12)
- Journal of the American Dietetic Association
- Nutrition Reviews
- Nutrition & Metabolism
- Journal of the International Society of Sports Nutrition
- Cell Biochemistry and Function
- Journal of the International Society of Sports Nutrition
- Nutrition Journal
- Amino Acids
- European Journal of Applied Physiology
- Nutrition (Burbank, Los Angeles County, Calif.)
- Journal of the International Society of Sports Nutrition
- Lipids in Health and Disease
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Articles by Antonio H. Lancha Jr. in JoVE
Oclusão Vascular Formação para a Inclusão Miosite Corpo: uma nova abordagem terapêutica
Bruno Gualano1,2, Carlos Ugrinowitsch1, Manoel Neves Jr.2, Fernanda R. Lima2, Ana Lúcia S. Pinto2, Gilberto Laurentino1, Valmor A.A. Tricoli1, Antonio H. Lancha Jr.1, Hamilton Roschel1,2
1School of Physical Education and Sport, University of São Paulo, 2Division of Rheumatology, School of Medicine, University of São Paulo
O presente artigo apresenta os detalhes relativos à aplicação de treinamento de resistência associado à oclusão vascular em pacientes IBM.
Determinar a contribuição dos Sistemas de energia durante o exercício
Guilherme G. Artioli1, Rômulo C. Bertuzzi2, Hamilton Roschel1,3, Sandro H. Mendes1, Antonio H. Lancha Jr.1, Emerson Franchini4
1Laboratory of Applied Nutrition, School of Physical Education and Sport, University of Sao Paulo, 2Aerobic Performance Research Group, School of Physical Education and Sport, University of Sao Paulo, 3Laboratory of Neuromuscular Adaptations to Strength Training, School of Physical Education and Sport, University of Sao Paulo, 4Martial Arts and Combat Sports Research Group, School of Physical Education and Sport, University of Sao Paulo
Este protocolo permite que pesquisadores se concentraram em exercício e ciências do esporte para determinar a contribuição relativa de três diferentes sistemas de energia com o gasto energético total durante uma grande variedade de exercícios.
Other articles by Antonio H. Lancha Jr. on PubMed
Journal of the American Dietetic Association. Oct, 2003 | Pubmed ID: 14520248
The aim of this study was to quantify underreporting of energy intake in Brazilian women; identify underreporting determinants; find out if underreporting was selective and; test if a motivational multimethod training, in combination with providing the subjects some results from the prior recording period, was able to reduce underreporting.
Nutrition Reviews. Jul, 2006 | Pubmed ID: 16910220
Under conditions of energy balance, energy intake (EI) equals energy expenditure (EE), and the validity of EI may be determined by comparing these two measures. The doubly labeled water (DLW) method is the gold standard for the determination of EE. Its use in developed countries has showed an intense underreporting of EI. Few studies concerning underreporting have been conducted in developing nations, and none of them has used DLW. This review will present the results of such studies, extrapolating data using DLW and providing EE and EI estimates, but which were not concerned with underreporting. A panorama of underreporting and its implications in developing nations is discussed and future directions for research are identified.
Nutrition & Metabolism. 2008 | Pubmed ID: 18637185
The purpose of present review is to describe the effect of leucine supplementation on skeletal muscle proteolysis suppression in both in vivo and in vitro studies. Most studies, using in vitro methodology, incubated skeletal muscles with leucine with different doses and the results suggests that there is a dose-dependent effect. The same responses can be observed in in vivo studies. Importantly, the leucine effects on skeletal muscle protein synthesis are not always connected to the inhibition of skeletal muscle proteolysis. As a matter of fact, high doses of leucine incubation can promote suppression of muscle proteolysis without additional effects on protein synthesis, and low leucine doses improve skeletal muscle protein ynthesis but have no effect on skeletal muscle proteolysis. These research findings may have an important clinical relevancy, because muscle loss in atrophic states would be reversed by specific leucine supplementation doses. Additionally, it has been clearly demonstrated that leucine administration suppresses skeletal muscle proteolysis in various catabolic states. Thus, if protein metabolism changes during different atrophic conditions, it is not surprising that the leucine dose-effect relationship must also change, according to atrophy or pathological state and catabolism magnitude. In conclusion, leucine has a potential role on attenuate skeletal muscle proteolysis. Future studies will help to sharpen the leucine efficacy on skeletal muscle protein degradation during several atrophic states.
Does Creatine Supplementation Improve the Plasma Lipid Profile in Healthy Male Subjects Undergoing Aerobic Training?
Journal of the International Society of Sports Nutrition. 2008 | Pubmed ID: 18831767
We aimed to investigate the effects of creatine (Cr) supplementation on the plasma lipid profile in sedentary male subjects undergoing aerobic training.
The Effect of 5 Days of Aspartate and Asparagine Supplementation on Glucose Transport Activity in Rat Muscle
Cell Biochemistry and Function. Dec, 2009 | Pubmed ID: 19821260
The consumption of protein supplements containing amino acids is increasing around the world. Aspartate (Asp) and asparagine (Asn) are amino acids metabolized by skeletal muscle. This metabolism involves biochemical pathways that are involved in increasing Krebs cycle activity via anaplerotic reactions, resulting in higher glutamine concentrations. A connection between amino acid supplementation, glycogen concentration, and glucose uptake has been previously demonstrated. The purpose of this study was to evaluate the effect of Asp and Asn supplementation on glucose uptake in rats using three different glycogen concentrations. The results indicate that Asp and Asn supplementation in rats with high glycogen concentrations (fed state) further increased the glycogen concentration in the muscle, and decreased in vitro 2-deoxyglucose (a glucose analog) uptake by the muscle at maximal insulin concentrations. When animals had a medium glycogen concentration (consumed lard for 3 days), glucose uptake was higher in the supplemented group at sub-maximal insulin concentrations. We conclude that supplementation of Asp and Asn reduced glucose transport in rat muscle only at higher levels of glycogen. The ingestion of lard for 3 days changed the responsiveness and sensitivity to insulin, and that group had higher levels of insulin sensitivity with Asp and Asn supplementation.
Journal of the International Society of Sports Nutrition. 2010 | Pubmed ID: 20205834
The effects of creatine (CR) supplementation on glycogen content are still debatable. Thus, due to the current lack of clarity, we investigated the effects of CR supplementation on muscle glycogen content after high intensity intermittent exercise in rats.
Nutrition Journal. 2010 | Pubmed ID: 20799963
It is well known that carbohydrate (CHO) supplementation can improve performance in endurance exercises through several mechanisms such as maintenance of glycemia and sparing endogenous glycogen as well as the possibility of a central nervous-system action. Some studies have emerged in recent years in order to test the hypothesis of ergogenic action via central nervous system. Recent studies have demonstrated that CHO mouth rinse can lead to improved performance of cyclists, and this may be associated with the activation of brain areas linked to motivation and reward. These findings have already been replicated in other endurance modalities, such as running. This alternative seems to be an attractive nutritional tool to improve endurance exercise performance.
Amino Acids. Jan, 2010 | Pubmed ID: 19184342
Numerous data from both epidemiological and experimental origins indicate that some alimentary proteins and amino acids in supplements can modify the blood LDL cholesterol, HDL cholesterol and total cholesterol. After an initial approval of the health claim for soy protein consumption for the prevention of coronary heart disease, more recently it has been concluded from an overall analysis of literature that isolated soy protein with isoflavones only slightly decrease LDL and total cholesterol. Other plant extracts and also some proteins from animal origin have been reported to exert a lowering effect on blood cholesterol when compared with a reference protein (often casein). The underlying mechanisms are still little understood. Individual amino acids and mixture of amino acids have also been tested (mostly in animal studies) for their effects on cholesterol parameters and on cholesterol metabolism. Methionine, lysine, cystine, leucine, aspartate and glutamate have been tested individually and in combination in different models of either normo or hypercholesterolemic animals and found to be able to modify blood cholesterol and/or LDL cholesterol and/or HDL cholesterol. It is however not known if these results are relevant to human nutrition.
European Journal of Applied Physiology. Sep, 2011 | Pubmed ID: 21336838
It has been previously reported that carbohydrate (CHO) mouth rinse can improve exercise performance. The proposed mechanism involves increased activation of brain regions believed to be responsible for reward/motivation and motor control. Since strength-related performance is affected by central drive to the muscles, it seems reasonable to hypothesize that the positive CNS response to oral CHO sensing may counteract the inhibitory input from the muscle afferent pathways minimizing the drop in the central drive. The purpose of the current study was to test if CHO mouth rinse affects maximum strength and strength endurance performance. Twelve recreationally strength-trained healthy males (age 24.08 ± 2.99 years; height 178.09 ± 6.70 cm; weight 78.67 ± 8.17 kg) took part in the study. All of the tests were performed in the morning, after an 8 h overnight fasting. Subjects were submitted to a maximum strength test (1-RM) and a strength endurance test (six sets until failure at 70% of 1-RM), in separate days under three different experimental conditions (CHO mouth rinse, placebo-PLA mouth rinse and control-CON) in a randomized crossover design. The CHO mouth rinse (25 ml) occurred before every attempt in the 1-RM test, and before every set in the endurance strength test. Blood glucose and lactate were measured immediately before and 5 min post-tests. There were no significant differences in 1-RM between experimental conditions (CHO 101 ± 7.2 kg; PLA 101 ± 7.4 kg; CON 101 ± 7.2 kg; p = 0.98). Furthermore, there were no significance between trial differences in the number of repetitions performed in each set (p = 0.99) or the total exercise volume (number of repetitions × load lifted [kg]) (p = 0.98). A main effect for time (p < 0.0001) in blood lactate concentration was observed in both tests (1-RM and strength endurance). Blood glucose concentration did not differ between conditions. In conclusion, CHO mouth rinse does not affect maximum strength or strength endurance performance.
Effects of Leucine Supplementation and Resistance Exercise on Dexamethasone-induced Muscle Atrophy and Insulin Resistance in Rats
Nutrition (Burbank, Los Angeles County, Calif.). Nov, 2011 | Pubmed ID: 22079394
OBJECTIVE: We aimed to evaluate the effects of resistance exercise (RE) and leucine (LEU) supplementation on dexamethasone (DEXA)-induced muscle atrophy and insulin resistance. METHODS: Male Wistar rats were randomly divided into DEXA (DEX), DEXA + RE (DEX-RE), DEXA + LEU (DEX-LEU), and DEXA + RE + LEU (DEX-RE-LEU) groups. Each group received DEXA 5 mg · kg(-1) · d(-1) for 7 d from drinking water and were pair-fed to the DEX group; LEU-supplemented groups received 0.135 g · kg(-1) · d(-1) through gavage for 7 d; the RE protocol was based on three sessions of squat-type exercise composed by three sets of 10 repetitions at 70% of maximal voluntary strength capacity. RESULTS: The plantaris mass was significantly greater in both trained groups compared with the non-trained groups. Muscle cross-sectional area and fiber areas did not differ between groups. Both trained groups displayed significant increases in the number of intermediated fibers (IIa/IIx), a decreased number of fast-twitch fibers (IIb), an increased ratio of the proteins phospho(Ser2448)/total mammalian target of rapamycin and phospho(Thr389)/total 70-kDa ribosomal protein S6 kinase, and a decreased ratio of phospho(Ser253)/total Forkhead box protein-3a. Plasma glucose was significantly increased in the DEX-LEU group compared with the DEX group and RE significantly decreased hyperglycemia. The DEX-LEU group displayed decreased glucose transporter-4 translocation compared with the DEX group and RE restored this response. LEU supplementation worsened insulin sensitivity and did not attenuate muscle wasting in rats treated with DEXA. Conversely, RE modulated glucose homeostasis and fiber type transition in the plantaris muscle. CONCLUSION: Resistance exercise but not LEU supplementation promoted fiber type transition and improved glucose homeostasis in DEXA-treated rats.
Potential Therapeutic Effects of Branched-chain Amino Acids Supplementation on Resistance Exercise-based Muscle Damage in Humans
Journal of the International Society of Sports Nutrition. 2011 | Pubmed ID: 22168756
ABSTRACT: Branched-chain amino acids (BCAA) supplementation has been considered an interesting nutritional strategy to improve skeletal muscle protein turnover in several conditions. In this context, there is evidence that resistance exercise (RE)-derived biochemical markers of muscle soreness (creatine kinase (CK), aldolase, myoglobin), soreness, and functional strength may be modulated by BCAA supplementation in order to favor of muscle adaptation. However, few studies have investigated such effects in well-controlled conditions in humans. Therefore, the aim of this short report is to describe the potential therapeutic effects of BCAA supplementation on RE-based muscle damage in humans. The main point is that BCAA supplementation may decrease some biochemical markers related with muscle soreness but this does not necessarily reflect on muscle functionality.
Leucine Supplementation Combined with Resistance Exercise Improves the Plasma Lipid Profile of Dexamethasone-treated Rats
Lipids in Health and Disease. 2012 | Pubmed ID: 22236609
ABSTRACT: The impact of leucine supplementation and resistance exercise (RE) on plasma lipid profile was evaluated in adult rats treated with dexamethasone, an experimental model of dyslipidemia. Total cholesterol did not differ among groups. Furthermore, leucine supplementation did not promote improvement in the plasma total cholesterol and LDL-c of the animals. However, plasma TG and VLDL-c were significantly decreased and HDL-c increased after 7 days of leucine supplementation combined with RE. In conclusion, leucine supplementation combined with RE, but not isolated, improved the plasma lipid profile of dexamethasone-induced dyslipidemic rats.