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In JoVE (1)
- Mame Modeller for 4D live-cell imaging af tumor: mikromiljø interaktioner, Impact malignt Progression
Other Publications (3)
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Articles by Arulselvi Anbalagan in JoVE
Mame Modeller for 4D live-cell imaging af tumor: mikromiljø interaktioner, Impact malignt Progression
Mansoureh Sameni1, Arulselvi Anbalagan1, Mary B. Olive1, Kamiar Moin1,2, Raymond R. Mattingly1,2, Bonnie F. Sloane1,2
1Department of Pharmacology, Wayne State University, 2Barbara Ann Karmanos Cancer Institute, Wayne State University
Vi har udviklet 3D cokultur modeller for live-cell imaging i real-tid interaktioner mellem bryst tumorceller og andre celler i deres mikromiljø, der påvirker progression til en invasiv fænotype. Disse modeller kan tjene som prækliniske skærme for lægemidler til at målrette paracrine-inducerede proteolytiske, chemokin / cytokin og kinase veje involveret i invasiv.
Other articles by Arulselvi Anbalagan on PubMed
Interleukin-6 Increases Expression and Secretion of Cathepsin B by Breast Tumor-associated Monocytes
Cellular Physiology and Biochemistry : International Journal of Experimental Cellular Physiology, Biochemistry, and Pharmacology. 2010 | Pubmed ID: 20110692
In the tumor microenvironment, monocytes respond to paracrine stimuli from breast cancer cells by secreting molecules that participate in breast cancer growth, invasion, intravasation and metastasis. Here we examined the effects of media conditioned by MDA-MB-231 human breast carcinoma cells (231-CM) on expression and secretion of proteases and secretion of cytokines by U937 human monocytes. We found that 231-CM increased U937: 1) proliferation; 2) expression, activity and secretion of the cysteine protease cathepsin B (CTSB); 3) secretion of matrix metalloproteinases (MMP)-2 and -9; and 4) secretion of interleukin-6 (IL-6) and insulin-like growth factor binding protein-1 (IGFBP-1). We further demonstrated by western blotting and enzymatic activity assays that the increases in CTSB secretion and activity induced by 231-CM could be reduced by neutralizing antibodies against IL-6. Our data suggest a role for IL-6 in increased monocyte expression and secretion of CTSB in response to soluble factors secreted by breast cancer cells.
Inhibition of Cathepsin B Activity Attenuates Extracellular Matrix Degradation and Inflammatory Breast Cancer Invasion
Breast Cancer Research : BCR. Nov, 2011 | Pubmed ID: 22093547
ABSTRACT: INTRODUCTION: Inflammatory breast cancer (IBC) is an aggressive, metastatic and highly angiogenic form of locally advanced breast cancer with a relatively poor three-year survival rate. Breast cancer invasion has been linked to proteolytic activity at the tumor cell surface. Here we explored a role for active cathepsin B on the cell surface in the invasiveness of IBC. METHODS: We examined expression of the cysteine protease cathepsin B and the serine protease urokinase plasminogen activator (uPA), its receptor uPAR and caveolin-1 in two IBC cell lines: SUM149 and SUM190. We utilized a live cell proteolysis assay to localize in real time the degradation of type IV collagen by IBC cells. IBC patient biopsies were examined for expression of cathepsin B and caveolin-1. RESULTS: Both cell lines expressed comparable levels of cathepsin B and uPA. In contrast, levels of caveolin-1 and uPAR were greater in SUM149 cells. We observed that uPA, uPAR and enzymatically active cathepsin B were colocalized in caveolae fractions isolated from SUM149 cells. Using a live-cell proteolysis assay, we demonstrated that both IBC cell lines degrade type IV collagen. The SUM149 cells exhibit predominantly pericellular proteolysis, consistent with localization of proteolytic pathway constitutents to caveolar membrane microdomains. A functional role for cathepsin B was confirmed by the ability of CA074, a cell impermeable and highly selective cathepsin B inhibitor, to significantly reduce pericellular proteolysis and invasion by SUM149 cells. A statistically significant co-expression of cathepsin B and caveolin-1 was found in IBC patient biopsies, thus validating our in vitro data. CONCLUSION: Our study is the first to show that the proteolytic activity of cathepsin B and its co-expression with caveolin-1 contributes to the aggressiveness of IBC.
Cancer Research. Jan, 2012 | Pubmed ID: 22266111
Metastasis to bone is a major cause of morbidity in breast cancer patients, emphasizing the importance of identifying molecular drivers of bone metastasis for new therapeutic targets. The endogenous cysteine cathepsin inhibitor stefin A is a suppressor of breast cancer metastasis to bone that is co-expressed with cathepsin B in bone metastases. In this study, we used the immunocompetent 4T1.2 model of breast cancer which exhibits spontaneous bone metastasis to evaluate the function and therapeutic targeting potential of cathepsin B in this setting of advanced disease. Cathepsin B abundancy in the model mimicked human disease, both at the level of primary tumors and matched spinal metastases. RNAi-mediated knockdown of cathepsin B in tumor cells reduced collagen I degradation in vitro and bone metastasis in vivo. Similarly, intraperitoneal administration of the highly selective cathepsin B inhibitor CA-074 reduced metastasis in tumor-bearing animals, a reduction that was not reproduced by the broad spectrum cysteine cathepsin inhibitor JPM-OEt. Notably, metastasis suppression by CA-074 was maintained in a late treatment setting, pointing to a role in metastatic outgrowth. Together, our findings established a pro-metastatic role for cathepsin B in distant metastasis and illustrated the therapeutic benefits of its selective inhibition in vivo.