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In JoVE (1)
Other Publications (5)
Articles by Carol Kreader in JoVE
Genome-wide Screen for miRNA Targets Using the MISSION Target ID Library
Matthew J. Coussens*, Kevin Forbes*, Carol Kreader*, Jack Sago, Carrie Cupp, John Swarthout
The Target ID Library is a plasmid-based, genome-wide collection of cloned cDNA used to identify miRNA targets. Here we demonstrate its use and application.
Other articles by Carol Kreader on PubMed
Isolation and Characterization of a Neurospora Crassa Ribosomal Protein Gene Homologous to CYH2 of Yeast
Nucleic Acids Research. Nov, 1987 | Pubmed ID: 2960953
We have isolated and characterized a Neurospora crassa gene homologous to the yeast CYH2 gene encoding L29, a cycloheximide sensitivity-conferring protein of the cytoplasmic ribosome. The cloned Neurospora gene was isolated by cross-hybridization to CYH2. It was sequenced from both cDNA and genomic clones. The coding region is interrupted by seven intervening sequences. Its deduced amino acid sequence shows 70% homology to that of yeast ribosomal protein L29 and 60% homology to that of mammalian ribosomal protein L27', suggesting that the protein has an important role in ribosomal function. The pattern of codon usage is highly biased, consistent with high translation efficiency. There is a single copy of this gene in N. crassa, and R. Metzenberg and coworkers have mapped its genetic location to the vicinity of the cyh-2 locus.
A Mitochondrial Protein from Neurospora Crassa Detected Both on Ribosomes and in Membrane Fractions. Analysis of the Gene, the Message, and the Protein
The Journal of Biological Chemistry. Jan, 1989 | Pubmed ID: 2521217
We have isolated clones representing at least three nuclear genes for mitochondrial ribosomal proteins from Neurospora crassa by screening a lambda gt11 cDNA library with an antiserum against a mixture of these proteins. The cDNA and genomic DNA sequence for one of these genes, mrp-3, was determined. The MRP3 protein was purified by immune-affinity chromatography, using a monoclonal antibody probe, and subjected to amino acid sequence analysis to identify the mature amino terminus and a prospective mitochondrial-targeting presequence. MRP3 was identified as the largest, least basic protein detected from the small subunit of ribosomes which had been salt-washed and fractionated on sucrose gradients. However, the mRNA and protein products of mrp-3 were found to be present in excess over those of other N. crassa mitoribosomal protein genes. Using a solution hybridization/S1 nuclease assay, we found three-fold- more mRNA for mrp-3 than for another mito-ribosomal protein gene. In addition, a 30- to 50-fold excess of non-ribosomal MRP3 protein was discovered. The additional protein was localized in mitochondrial membrane fractions; none was detected in matrix fractions after removal of the ribosomes. An immunologically related protein was detected in ribosome and membrane fractions of mitochondria from Saccharomyces cerevisiae. The functional significance of this dual localization remains an enigma.
Applied and Environmental Microbiology. Apr, 1995 | Pubmed ID: 7538270
Because Bacteroides spp. are obligate anaerobes that dominate the human fecal flora, and because some species may live only in the human intestine, these bacteria might be useful to distinguish human from nonhuman sources of fecal pollution. To test this hypothesis, PCR primers specific for 16S rRNA gene sequences of Bacteroides distasonis, B. thetaiotaomicron, and B. vulgatus were designed. Hybridization with species-specific internal probes was used to detect the intended PCR products. Extracts from 66 known Bacteroides strains, representing 10 related species, were used to confirm the specificity of these PCR-hybridization assays. To test for specificity in feces, procedures were developed to prepare DNA of sufficient purity for PCR. Extracts of feces from 9 humans and 70 nonhumans (cats, dogs, cattle, hogs, horses, sheep, goats, and chickens) were each analyzed with and without an internal positive control to verify that PCR amplification was not inhibited by substances in the extract. In addition, serial dilutions from each extract that tested positive were assayed to estimate the relative abundance of target Bacteroides spp. in the sample. Depending on the primer-probe set used, either 78 or 67% of the human fecal extracts tested had high levels of target DNA. On the other hand, only 7 to 11% of the nonhuman extracts tested had similarly high levels of target DNA. An additional 12 to 20% of the nonhuman extracts had levels of target DNA that were 100- to 1,000-fold lower than those found in humans.(ABSTRACT TRUNCATED AT 250 WORDS)
Applied and Environmental Microbiology. Mar, 1996 | Pubmed ID: 8975603
The benefits of adding bovine serum albumin (BSA) or T4 gene 32 protein (gp32) to PCR were evaluated with reaction mixtures containing substances that inhibit amplification. Whereas 10- to 1,000-fold more FeCl3, hemin, fulvic acids, humic acids, tannic acids, or extracts from feces, freshwater, or marine water were accommodated in PCR when either 400 ng of BSA per microl or 150 ng of gp32 per microl was included in the reactions, neither BSA nor gp32 relieved interference significantly when minimum inhibitory levels of bile salts, bilirubin, EDTA, NaCl, sodium dodecyl sulfate, or Triton X-100 were present. Use of BSA and gp32 together offered no more relief of inhibition than either alone at its optimal level, and neither protein had any noticeable effect on amplification in the absence of inhibitors.
Applied and Environmental Microbiology. Oct, 1998 | Pubmed ID: 9758854
To evaluate the persistence of PCR-detectable Bacteroides distasonis in surface water, whole human feces were dispersed into water from the Ohio River and incubated in flasks in the laboratory or in diffusion chambers in situ. Duplicate samples were taken daily, and material that pelleted at 16,000 x g was assayed by PCR. Persistence of PCR-detectable DNA from this anaerobe depended upon temperature and predation, two of the factors shown by others to influence the survival of aerobic bacteria detected by culture. B. distasonis was detected by PCR for at least 2 weeks at 4 degrees C but for only 4 to 5 days at 14 degrees C, 1 to 2 days at 24 degrees C, and 1 day at 30 degrees C. In filtered water or in the presence of cycloheximide, a eukaryotic inhibitor, persistence at 24 degrees C was extended by at least a week.