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In JoVE (1)
Other Publications (2)
Articles by Cemile G Guldal in JoVE
Assay for Adhesion and Agar Invasion in S. cerevisiae
Cemile G Guldal, James Broach
Department of Molecular Biology, Princeton University
We describe a qualitative assay for yeast adhesion and agar invasion as a measure of invasive and pseudohyphal differentiation. This simple assay can be used to assess the invasive phenotype of various mutants as well as the effects environmental cues and signaling pathways on yeast differentiation.
Other articles by Cemile G Guldal on PubMed
β-Arrestin-1 Links Mitogenic Sonic Hedgehog Signaling to the Cell Cycle Exit Machinery in Neural Precursors
Cell Cycle (Georgetown, Tex.). Oct, 2010 | Pubmed ID: 20935513
Development of the cerebellum, a brain region regulating posture and coordination, occurs post-natally and is marked by rapid proliferation of granule neuron precursors (CGNPs), stimulated by mitogenic Sonic hedgehog (Shh) signaling. β-Arrestin (βArr) proteins play important roles downstream of Smoothened, the Shh signal transducer. However, whether Shh regulates βArrs and what role they play in Shh-driven CGNP proliferation remains to be determined. Here, we report that Shh induces βArr1 accumulation and localization to the nucleus, where it participates in enhancing expression of the cyclin dependent kinase (cdk) inhibitor p27, whose accumulation eventually drives CGNP cell cycle exit. βArr1 knockdown enhances CGNP proliferation and reduces p27 expression. Thus, Shh-mediated βArr1 induction represents a novel negative feedback loop within the Shh mitogenic pathway, such that ongoing Shh signaling, while required for CGNPs to proliferate, also sets up a cell-intrinsic clock programming their ultimate exit from the cell cycle.
Acta Neuropathologica. Feb, 2012 | Pubmed ID: 22302101
Development of the cerebellum occurs postnatally and is marked by a rapid proliferation of cerebellar granule neuron precursors (CGNPs). CGNPs are the cells of origin for SHH-driven medulloblastoma, the most common malignant brain tumor in children. Here, we investigated the role of ERK, JNK, and p38 mitogen-activated protein kinases in CGNP proliferation. We found high levels of p38α in proliferating CGNPs. Concomitantly, members of the p38 pathway, such as ASK1, MKK3 and ATF-2, were also elevated. Inhibition of the Shh pathway or CGNP proliferation blunts p38α levels, irrespective of Shh treatment. Strikingly, p38α levels were high in vivo in the external granule layer of the postnatal cerebellum, Shh-dependent mouse medulloblastomas and human medulloblastomas of the SHH subtype. Finally, knocking down p38α by short hairpin RNA-carrying lentiviruses as well as the pharmacologically inhibiting of its kinase activity caused a marked decrease in CGNP proliferation, underscoring its requirement for Shh-dependent proliferation in CGNPs. The inhibition of p38α also caused a decrease in Gli1 and N-myc transcript levels, consistent with reduced proliferation. These findings suggest p38 inhibition as a potential way to increase the efficacy of treatments available for malignancies associated with deregulated SHH signaling, such as basal cell carcinoma and medulloblastoma.