Translate this page to:
In JoVE (1)
Other Publications (3)
Articles by Charline Walker in JoVE
Making Gynogenetic Diploid Zebrafish by Early Pressure
Charline Walker1, Greg S. Walsh2, Cecilia Moens2
1Institute of Neuroscience, University of Oregon, 2Division of Basic Science, Fred Hutchinson Cancer Research Center - FHCRC
This is a method for generating gynogenetic diploid zebrafish embryos (embryos whose only genetic contribution comes from the mother) by blocking the second meiotic division immediately after fertilization with ultraviolet light-inactivated sperm. EP embryos are not fully homozygous due to recombination during the first meiotic division, however they are homozygous at all loci that have not been separated from their centromere by recombination.
Other articles by Charline Walker on PubMed
Nature Genetics. May, 2002 | Pubmed ID: 11967535
Mutations of the gene (TNNT2) encoding the thin-filament contractile protein cardiac troponin T are responsible for 15% of all cases of familial hypertrophic cardiomyopathy, the leading cause of sudden death in young athletes. Mutant proteins are thought to act through a dominant-negative mode that impairs function of heart muscle. TNNT2 mutations can also lead to dilated cardiomyopathy, a leading cause of heart failure. Despite the importance of cardiac troponin T in human disease, its loss-of-function phenotype has not been described. We show that the zebrafish silent heart (sih) mutation affects the gene tnnt2. We characterize two mutated alleles of sih that severely reduce tnnt2 expression: one affects mRNA splicing, and the other affects gene transcription. Tnnt2, together with alpha-tropomyosin (Tpma) and cardiac troponins C and I (Tnni3), forms a calcium-sensitive regulatory complex within sarcomeres. Unexpectedly, in addition to loss of Tnnt2 expression in sih mutant hearts, we observed a significant reduction in Tpma and Tnni3, and consequently, severe sarcomere defects. This interdependence of thin-filament protein expression led us to postulate that some mutations in tnnt2 may trigger misregulation of thin-filament protein expression, resulting in sarcomere loss and myocyte disarray, the life-threatening hallmarks of TNNT2 mutations in mice and humans.
Genesis (New York, N.Y. : 2000). Dec, 2004 | Pubmed ID: 15593329
To identify genes required for development of the brain and somites, we performed a pilot screen of gynogenetic haploid zebrafish embryos produced from mothers mutagenized by viral insertion. We describe an efficient method to identify new mutations and the affected gene. In addition, we report the results of a small-scale screen that identified five genes required for brain development, including novel alleles of nagie oko, pou5f1, ribosomal protein L36, and n-cadherin, as well as a novel allele of the laminin g1 gene that is required for normal skeletal muscle fiber organization and somite patterning.
Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America. Apr, 2005 | Pubmed ID: 15824312
How do developmental mechanisms evolve to control changing skeletal morphology, the shapes and sizes of individual bones? We address this question with studies of the opercle (OP), a large facial bone that has undergone marked morphological evolution in the ray-finned fish. Attributes for developmental analysis motivated us to examine how OP shape and size evolve and develop in threespine sticklebacks, a model system for understanding vertebrate evolution. We find that when Alaskan anadromous fish take up permanent residence in lakes, they evolve smaller and reshaped OPs. The change is a reduction in the amount of bone laid down along one body axis, and it arises at or shortly after the onset of OP development. A quantitative trait locus is present on linkage group 19 that contributes in a major way to this phenotype.