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In JoVE (1)
Other Publications (6)
Articles by Chia-Hua Lee in JoVE
Studying Cell Rolling Trajectories on Asymmetric Receptor Patterns
Chia-Hua Lee1, Suman Bose2, Krystyn J. Van Vliet1, Jeffrey M. Karp3, Rohit Karnik2
1Department of Materials Science and Engineering, MIT - Massachusetts Institute of Technology, 2Department of Mechanical Engineering, MIT - Massachusetts Institute of Technology, 3HST Center for Biomedical Engineering and Harvard Stem Cell Institute, Brigham and Women's Hospital and Harvard Medical School
We describe a protocol to observe and analyze cell rolling trajectories on asymmetric receptor-patterned substrates. The resulting data are useful for engineering of receptor-patterned substrates for label-free cell separation and analysis.
Other articles by Chia-Hua Lee on PubMed
Lab on a Chip. Feb, 2009 | Pubmed ID: 19156290
A novel high-strength nano-adhesive is demonstrated for fabricating nano- and microfluidic devices. While the traditional plasma sealing methods are specific for sealing glass to poly(dimethylsiloxane) (PDMS), the new method is compatible with a wide variety of polymeric and inorganic materials, including flexible substrates. Additionally, the traditional method requires that sealing occur within minutes after the plasma treatment. In contrast, the individual parts treated with the nano-adhesive could be aged for at least three months prior to joining with no measurable deterioration of post-cure adhesive strength. The nano-adhesive is comprised of a complementary pair of polymeric nanolayers. An epoxy-containing polymer, poly(glycidyl methacrylate) (PGMA) was grown via initiated chemical vapor deposition (iCVD) on the substrate containing the channels. A plasma polymerized polyallylamine (PAAm) layer was grown on the opposing flat surface. Both CVD monomers are commercially available. The PGMA nano-adhesive layer displayed conformal coverage over the channels and was firmly tethered to the substrate. Contacting the complementary PGMA and PAAm surfaces, followed by curing at 70 degrees C, resulted in nano- and micro-channel structures. The formation of the covalent tethers between the complementary surfaces produces no gaseous by-products which would need to outgas. The nano-adhesive layers did not flow significantly as a result of curing, allowing the cross-sectional profile of the channel to be maintained. This enabled fabrication of channels with widths as small as 200 nm. Seals able to withstand > 50 psia were fabricated employing many types of substrates, including silicon wafer, glass, quartz, PDMS, polystyrene petri dishes, poly(ethylene terephthalate) (PET), polycarbonate (PC), and poly(tetrafluoro ethylene) (PTFE).
Interfacial Energy Levels and Related Properties of Atomic-layer-deposited Al2O3 Films on Nanoporous TiO2 Electrodes of Dye-sensitized Solar Cells
Nanotechnology. Jul, 2009 | Pubmed ID: 19581691
Low-temperature (approximately 150 degrees C), atomic-layer-deposited Al(2)O(3) films on nanoporous TiO2 electrodes of dye-sensitized solar cells (DSSCs) were investigated using electron spectroscopy. The power conversion efficiency (PCE) of the DSSCs was increased from 5.7% to 6.5%, an improvement of 14%, with one monolayer of Al(2)O(3) with a thickness of approximately 0.2 nm. The formation of Ti-O-Al(OH)(2) and interfacial dipole layers exhibited a strong influence on the work function of the Al(2)O(3) over-layers, while the thicker Al(2)O(3) over-layers caused the values of valence band maximum and band gap to approach the values associated with pure Al(2)O(3). A work function difference (Delta Phi(A-T)) of 0.4 eV and a recombination barrier height (epsilon(RB)) of 0.1 eV were associated with the highest PCE achieved by the first monolayer of the Al(2)O(3) layer. Thicker Al(2)O(3) over-layers, however, caused significant reduction of PCE with negative Delta Phi(T-A) and increased interfacial energy barrier height ((*)epsilon(IB)) between the N719 dyes and TiO2 electrodes. It was concluded that the PCE of the DSSCs may correlate with Delta Phi(A-T), epsilon(RB), and (*)epsilon(IB) resulting from various thicknesses of the Al(2)O(3) over-layers and that interfacial reactions, such as the formation of Ti-O-Al(OH)(2) and dipole layers, play an important role in determining the interfacial energy levels required to achieve optimal performance of dye-sensitized TiO2 solar cells.
A Prospective Comparison of Transthoracic and Transhiatal Resection for Esophageal Carcinoma in Asians
Hepato-gastroenterology. May-Jun, 2009 | Pubmed ID: 19621686
Transthoracic and transhiatal esophagectomy are two common procedures for esophageal cancer resection. Prospective studies comparing the two methods in Asian people are few. In addition, the data comparing their effects on the quality of life are lacking.
World Journal of Surgery. Aug, 2010 | Pubmed ID: 20414775
The prognosis and quality of life (QOL) for those with cervical esophageal cancer is extremely poor, and chemoradiotherapy remains the mainstay treatment. During the past few years, our surgical teams has implemented a more aggressive and radical resection: total laryngopharyngectomy with neck dissection, total esophagectomy, and reconstruction with stomach. This study compares the results of chemoradiotherapy and that of the aforementioned surgical approach.
Factors Predicting the Hospital Mortality of Patients with Corrosive Gastrointestinal Injuries Receiving Esophagogastrectomy in the Acute Stage
World Journal of Surgery. Oct, 2010 | Pubmed ID: 20512491
The aim of this study was to identify the preoperative factors that affect the survival of patients who undergo esophagogastrectomy after corrosive ingestion, using analysis of their physiological condition, associated diseases, physical examination, and laboratory data.
Langmuir : the ACS Journal of Surfaces and Colloids. Jan, 2011 | Pubmed ID: 21141947
The lateral displacement of cells orthogonal to a flow stream by rolling on asymmetrical receptor patterns presents a new opportunity for the label-free separation and analysis of cells. Understanding the nature of cell rolling trajectories on such substrates is necessary to the engineering of substrates and the design of devices for cell separation and analysis. Here, we investigate the statistical nature of cell rolling and the effect of pattern geometry and flow shear stress on cell rolling trajectories using micrometer-scale patterns of biomolecular receptors with well-defined edges. Leukemic myeloid HL60 cells expressing the PSGL-1 ligand were allowed to flow across a field of patterned lines fabricated using microcontact printing and functionalized with the P-selectin receptor, leveraging both the specific adhesion of this ligand-receptor pair and the asymmetry of the receptor pattern inclination angle with respect to the fluid shear flow direction (α = 5, 10, 15, and 20°). The effects of the fluid shear stress magnitude (τ = 0.5, 1, 1.5, and 2.0 dyn/cm(2)), α, and P-selectin incubation concentration were quantified in terms of the rolling velocity and edge tracking length. Rolling cells tracked along the inclined edges of the patterned lines before detaching and reattaching on another line. The detachment of rolling cells after tracking along the edge was consistent with a Poisson process of history-independent interactions. Increasing the edge inclination angle decreased the edge tracking length in an exponential manner, contrary to the shear stress magnitude and P-selectin incubation concentration, which did not have a significant effect. On the basis of these experimental data, we constructed an empirical model that predicted the occurrence of the maximum lateral displacement at an edge angle of 7.5°. We also used these findings to construct a Monte Carlo simulation for the prediction of rolling trajectories of HL60 cells on P-selectin-patterned substrates with a specified edge inclination angle. The prediction of lateral displacement in the range of 200 μm within a 1 cm separation length supports the feasibility of label-free cell separation via asymmetric receptor patterns in microfluidic devices.