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In JoVE (1)
- Chromatine Interactie Analyse met gepaarde-End Tag Sequencing (Chia-PET) voor het in kaart brengen van chromatine Interacties en begrijpen Transcriptie Verordening
Other Publications (4)
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Articles by Chin Thing Ong in JoVE
Chromatine Interactie Analyse met gepaarde-End Tag Sequencing (Chia-PET) voor het in kaart brengen van chromatine Interacties en begrijpen Transcriptie Verordening
Yufen Goh*1, Melissa J. Fullwood*1,2,3, Huay Mei Poh1, Su Qin Peh1, Chin Thing Ong1, Jingyao Zhang1, Xiaoan Ruan1, Yijun Ruan1,3
1Genome Institute of Singapore, Agency for Science, Technology and Research, Singapore, 2A*STAR-Duke-NUS Neuroscience Research Partnership, Singapore, 3Department of Biochemistry, National University of Singapore, Singapore
Chromatine Interactie Analyse door Gekoppeld-End Tag Sequencing (Chia-PET) is een methode voor
Other articles by Chin Thing Ong on PubMed
Interdomain Interaction of Stat3 Regulates Its Src Homology 2 Domain-mediated Receptor Binding Activity
The Journal of Biological Chemistry. May, 2002 | Pubmed ID: 11872739
Activation of Stat proteins by cytokines is initiated by their Src homology 2 (SH2) domain-mediated association with the cytokine receptors. Previously, we identified an essential role of the coiled-coil domain of Stat3 in binding of the receptor peptides derived from the interleukin-6 receptor subunit, gp130. In this study, we further investigated the molecular basis of this regulation. We found that the C-terminal domain of Stat3 negatively regulates its receptor binding activity only in the absence of the first alpha-helix of the coiled-coil domain, which leads to a hypothesis of intramolecular interaction. Physical interactions between the coiled-coil domain and the C-terminal domain, as well as the SH2 domain, were indeed detected. Furthermore, a sub-region of the C-terminal domain (amino acids 720-740), which is also involved in the interaction with the coiled-coil domain, was demonstrated to be critical for the regulation of the receptor binding. Correspondingly, phosphorylation on Ser-727 within this region inhibits this interaction. In agreement with the peptide binding results, both the coiled-coil domain and the C-terminal sub-region are necessary for the functional recruitment of Stat3 to the cellular gp130 in response to interleukin-6, suggesting that the interdomain interaction is a prerequisite for the SH2-mediated receptor binding in interleukin-6 signaling.
The EMBO Journal. Mar, 2003 | Pubmed ID: 12628925
Signal transducer and activator of transcription 3 (Stat3) is a latent cytoplasmic transcription factor that can be activated by cytokines and growth factors. Stat3 plays important roles in cell growth, anti-apoptosis and cell transformation, and is constitutively active in various cancers. We examined its potential regulators by yeast two-hybrid screening. GRIM-19, a gene product related to interferon-beta- and retinoic acid-induced cancer cell death, was identified and demonstrated to interact with Stat3 in various cell types. The interaction is specific for Stat3, but not for Stat1 and Stat5a. The interaction regions in both proteins were mapped, and the cellular localization of the interaction was examined. GRIM-19 itself co-localizes with mitochondrial markers, and forms aggregates at the perinulear region with co-expressed Stat3, which inhibits Stat3 nuclear translocation stimulated by epidermal growth factor (EGF). GRIM-19 represses Stat3 transcriptional activity and its target gene expression, and also suppresses cell growth in Src-transformed cells and a Stat3-expressing cell line. Our data suggest that GRIM-19 is a novel negative regulator of Stat3.
Genome Research. Mar, 2010 | Pubmed ID: 20133333
DNA methylation is a critical epigenetic regulator in mammalian development. Here, we present a whole-genome comparative view of DNA methylation using bisulfite sequencing of three cultured cell types representing progressive stages of differentiation: human embryonic stem cells (hESCs), a fibroblastic differentiated derivative of the hESCs, and neonatal fibroblasts. As a reference, we compared our maps with a methylome map of a fully differentiated adult cell type, mature peripheral blood mononuclear cells (monocytes). We observed many notable common and cell-type-specific features among all cell types. Promoter hypomethylation (both CG and CA) and higher levels of gene body methylation were positively correlated with transcription in all cell types. Exons were more highly methylated than introns, and sharp transitions of methylation occurred at exon-intron boundaries, suggesting a role for differential methylation in transcript splicing. Developmental stage was reflected in both the level of global methylation and extent of non-CpG methylation, with hESC highest, fibroblasts intermediate, and monocytes lowest. Differentiation-associated differential methylation profiles were observed for developmentally regulated genes, including the HOX clusters, other homeobox transcription factors, and pluripotence-associated genes such as POU5F1, TCF3, and KLF4. Our results highlight the value of high-resolution methylation maps, in conjunction with other systems-level analyses, for investigation of previously undetectable developmental regulatory mechanisms.
Extensive Promoter-centered Chromatin Interactions Provide a Topological Basis for Transcription Regulation
Cell. Jan, 2012 | Pubmed ID: 22265404
Higher-order chromosomal organization for transcription regulation is poorly understood in eukaryotes. Using genome-wide Chromatin Interaction Analysis with Paired-End-Tag sequencing (ChIA-PET), we mapped long-range chromatin interactions associated with RNA polymerase II in human cells and uncovered widespread promoter-centered intragenic, extragenic, and intergenic interactions. These interactions further aggregated into higher-order clusters, wherein proximal and distal genes were engaged through promoter-promoter interactions. Most genes with promoter-promoter interactions were active and transcribed cooperatively, and some interacting promoters could influence each other implying combinatorial complexity of transcriptional controls. Comparative analyses of different cell lines showed that cell-specific chromatin interactions could provide structural frameworks for cell-specific transcription, and suggested significant enrichment of enhancer-promoter interactions for cell-specific functions. Furthermore, genetically-identified disease-associated noncoding elements were found to be spatially engaged with corresponding genes through long-range interactions. Overall, our study provides insights into transcription regulation by three-dimensional chromatin interactions for both housekeeping and cell-specific genes in human cells.