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In JoVE (1)
Other Publications (2)
Articles by Ci Chu in JoVE
Chromatin Isolation by RNA Purification (ChIRP)
Ci Chu, Jeffrey Quinn, Howard Y. Chang
Howard Hughes Medical Institute and Program in Epithelial Biology, Stanford University School of Medicine
ChIRP is a novel and rapid technique to map genomic binding sites of long noncoding RNAs (lncRNAs). The method takes advantage of the specificity of anti-sense tiling oligonucleotides to allow the enumeration of lncRNA-bound genomic sites.
Other articles by Ci Chu on PubMed
The Transcription Factor Zfp281 Controls Embryonic Stem Cell Pluripotency by Direct Activation and Repression of Target Genes
Stem Cells (Dayton, Ohio). Nov, 2008 | Pubmed ID: 18757296
Oct4, Sox2, and Nanog are key components of a core transcriptional regulatory network that controls the ability of embryonic stem cells to differentiate into all cell types. Here we show that Zfp281, a zinc finger transcription factor, is a key component of the network and that it is required to maintain pluripotency. Zfp281 was shown to directly activate Nanog expression by binding to a site in the promoter in very close proximity to the Oct4 and Sox2 binding sites. We present data showing that Zfp281 physically interacts with Oct4, Sox2, and Nanog. Chromatin immunoprecipitation experiments identified 2,417 genes that are direct targets for regulation by Zfp281, including several transcription factors that are known regulators of pluripotency, such as Oct4, Sox2, and Nanog. Gene expression microarray analysis indicated that some Zfp281 target genes were activated, whereas others were repressed, upon knockdown of Zfp281. The identification of both activation and repression domains within Zfp281 suggests that this transcription factor plays bifunctional roles in regulating gene expression within the network. Disclosure of potential conflicts of interest is found at the end of this article.
Molecular Cell. Nov, 2011 | Pubmed ID: 21963238
Long noncoding RNAs (lncRNAs) are key regulators of chromatin state, yet the nature and sites of RNA-chromatin interaction are mostly unknown. Here we introduce Chromatin Isolation by RNA Purification (ChIRP), where tiling oligonucleotides retrieve specific lncRNAs with bound protein and DNA sequences, which are enumerated by deep sequencing. ChIRP-seq of three lncRNAs reveal that RNA occupancy sites in the genome are focal, sequence-specific, and numerous. Drosophila roX2 RNA occupies male X-linked gene bodies with increasing tendency toward the 3' end, peaking at CES sites. Human telomerase RNA TERC occupies telomeres and Wnt pathway genes. HOTAIR lncRNA preferentially occupies a GA-rich DNA motif to nucleate broad domains of Polycomb occupancy and histone H3 lysine 27 trimethylation. HOTAIR occupancy occurs independently of EZH2, suggesting the order of RNA guidance of Polycomb occupancy. ChIRP-seq is generally applicable to illuminate the intersection of RNA and chromatin with newfound precision genome wide.