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In JoVE (1)
Other Publications (7)
Articles by Craig J. Ceol in JoVE
Screening for Melanoma Modifiers using a Zebrafish Autochthonous Tumor Model
Sharanya Iyengar1, Yariv Houvras2,3, Craig J. Ceol1
1Program in Molecular Medicine and Department of Cancer Biology, University of Massachusetts Medical School, 2Departments of Surgery and Medicine, Weill Cornell Medical College, 3Departments of Surgery and Medicine, New York Presbyterian Hospital
A rapid way to screen for melanoma modifiers using a zebrafish autochthonous tumor model is presented. It takes advantage of the miniCoopR vector which allows for expression of candidate melanoma genes in melanocytes. A method to obtain melanoma-free survival curves, an invasion assay, a protocol for antibody staining of scale melanocytes and a melanoma transplantation assay are described.
Other articles by Craig J. Ceol on PubMed
New Genes That Interact with Lin-35 Rb to Negatively Regulate the Let-60 Ras Pathway in Caenorhabditis Elegans
Genetics. May, 2003 | Pubmed ID: 12750327
Previous studies have shown that a synthetic multivulva phenotype results from mutations in genes that antagonize the ras-mediated intercellular signaling system responsible for vulval induction in Caenorhabditis elegans. Synthetic multivulva mutations define two classes of genes, A and B, and a mutation in a gene of each class is required to produce the multivulva phenotype. The ectopic vulval tissue in multivulva animals is generated by vulval precursor cells that in the wild type do not generate vulval tissue. One of the class B synthetic multivulva genes, lin-35, encodes a protein similar to the retinoblastoma (Rb) protein. In this article, we describe the isolation and characterization of 50 synthetic multivulva mutations, the identification of new components of both the class A and class B lin-35 Rb pathways, and the cloning of lin-52, a class B gene that may have a conserved role in Rb-mediated signaling.
A New Class of C. Elegans SynMuv Genes Implicates a Tip60/NuA4-like HAT Complex As a Negative Regulator of Ras Signaling
Developmental Cell. Apr, 2004 | Pubmed ID: 15068795
The class A and class B synMuv genes are functionally redundant negative regulators of a Ras signaling pathway that induces C. elegans vulval development. A number of class B synMuv genes encode components of an Rb and histone deacetylase complex that likely acts to repress transcription of genes required for vulval induction. We discovered a new class of synMuv genes that acts redundantly with both the A and B classes of genes in vulval cell-fate determination. These new class C synMuv genes encode TRRAP, MYST family histone acetyltransferase, and Enhancer of Polycomb homologs, which form a putative C. elegans Tip60/NuA4-like histone acetyltransferase complex. A fourth gene with partial class C synMuv properties encodes a homolog of the mammalian SWI/SNF family ATPase p400. Our findings indicate that the coordinated action of two chromatin-modifying complexes, one with histone deacetylase and the other with histone acetyltransferase activity, is important in regulating Ras signaling and specifying cell fates during C. elegans development.
Identification and Classification of Genes That Act Antagonistically to Let-60 Ras Signaling in Caenorhabditis Elegans Vulval Development
Genetics. Jun, 2006 | Pubmed ID: 16624904
The synthetic multivulva (synMuv) genes negatively regulate Ras-mediated vulval induction in the nematode Caenorhabditis elegans. The synMuv genes define three classes, A, B, and C, such that double mutants carrying mutations in genes of any two classes are multivulva. The class B synMuv genes include lin-35, a homolog of the retinoblastoma (Rb) tumor suppressor gene, as well as homologs of genes that function with Rb in transcriptional regulation. We screened for additional synMuv mutations using a strategy different from that of previous synMuv genetic screens. Some of the mutations we recovered affect new synMuv genes. We present criteria for assigning synMuv mutations into different genetic classes. We also describe the molecular characterization of the class B synMuv gene lin-65.
Some C. Elegans Class B Synthetic Multivulva Proteins Encode a Conserved LIN-35 Rb-containing Complex Distinct from a NuRD-like Complex
Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America. Nov, 2006 | Pubmed ID: 17075059
The Caenorhabditis elegans synthetic multivulva (synMuv) genes act redundantly to antagonize the specification of vulval cell fates, which are promoted by an RTK/Ras pathway. At least 26 synMuv genes have been genetically identified, several of which encode proteins with homologs that act in chromatin remodeling or transcriptional repression. Here we report the molecular characterization of two synMuv genes, lin-37 and lin-54. We show that lin-37 and lin-54 encode proteins in a complex with at least seven synMuv proteins, including LIN-35, the only C. elegans homolog of the mammalian tumor suppressor Rb. Biochemical analyses of mutants suggest that LIN-9, LIN-53, and LIN-54 are required for the stable formation of this complex. This complex is distinct from a second complex of synMuv proteins with a composition similar to that of the mammalian Nucleosome Remodeling and Deacetylase complex. The class B synMuv complex we identified is evolutionarily conserved and likely functions in transcriptional repression and developmental regulation.
Zebrafish. Dec, 2008 | Pubmed ID: 19133823
Advantageous organismal and technical attributes of the zebrafish are being increasingly applied to study cancer biology. Along with other tumor models, zebrafish that develop melanomas have been generated. In both genetics and phenotype, zebrafish melanomas are strikingly similar to their human counterparts. For this reason, studies in the zebrafish are poised to make significant contributions to melanoma biology. In this review, we summarize important features of human melanoma and discuss how the zebrafish can be used to address many questions that remain unanswered about this devastating disease.
Nature. Mar, 2011 | Pubmed ID: 21430779
The most common mutation in human melanoma, BRAF(V600E), activates the serine/threonine kinase BRAF and causes excessive activity in the mitogen-activated protein kinase pathway. BRAF(V600E) mutations are also present in benign melanocytic naevi, highlighting the importance of additional genetic alterations in the genesis of malignant tumours. Such changes include recurrent copy number variations that result in the amplification of oncogenes. For certain amplifications, the large number of genes in the interval has precluded an understanding of the cooperating oncogenic events. Here we have used a zebrafish melanoma model to test genes in a recurrently amplified region of chromosome 1 for the ability to cooperate with BRAF(V600E) and accelerate melanoma. SETDB1, an enzyme that methylates histone H3 on lysine 9 (H3K9), was found to accelerate melanoma formation significantly in zebrafish. Chromatin immunoprecipitation coupled with massively parallel DNA sequencing and gene expression analyses uncovered genes, including HOX genes, that are transcriptionally dysregulated in response to increased levels of SETDB1. Our studies establish SETDB1 as an oncogene in melanoma and underscore the role of chromatin factors in regulating tumorigenesis.