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In JoVE (1)
Other Publications (2)
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Articles by Dabin Ren in JoVE
שימוש במודל EpiAirway לאפיון לטווח ארוך מארח הפתוגן אינטראקציות
Dabin Ren, Dayle A. Daines
Division of Basic Medical Sciences, Mercer University School of Medicine
שיטה זו מאפשרת אפיון של חיידקי המורחבת שיתוף תרבות עם EpiAirways, רקמות אפיתל הנשימה העיקרי האדם גדל ב ממשק אוויר הנוזל, רלוונטית מבחינה ביולוגית
Other articles by Dabin Ren on PubMed
Mutant Lipooligosaccharide-based Conjugate Vaccine Demonstrates a Broad-spectrum Effectiveness Against Moraxella Catarrhalis
Vaccine. Jun, 2011 | Pubmed ID: 21501641
There is no licensed vaccine available against Moraxella catarrhalis, an exclusive human pathogen responsible for otitis media in children and respiratory infections in adults. We previously developed conjugate vaccine candidates based on lipooligosaccharides (LOSs) of M. catarrhalis serotypes A, B, and C, each of which was shown to cover a portion of the clinical strains. To generate conserved LOS antigens and eliminate a potential autoimmune response to a similar epitope between M. catarrhalis LOS moiety Galα1-4Galβ1-4Glc and human P(k) antigen, two LOS mutants from strain O35E were constructed. Mutant O35Elgt5 or O35EgalE revealed a deletion of one or two terminal galactose residues of wild type O35E LOS. Each LOS molecule was purified, characterized, detoxified, and coupled to tetanus toxoid (TT) to form conjugates, namely dLOS-TT. Three subcutaneous immunizations using dLOS-TT from O35Elgt5 or O35EgalE elicited significant increases (a 729- or 1263-fold above the preimmune serum levels) of serum immunoglobulin (Ig)G against O35E LOS in rabbits with an adjuvant or without an adjuvant (an 140- or 140-fold above the preimmune serum levels). Rabbit antisera demonstrated elevated complement-mediated bactericidal activities against the wild type strain O35E. The rabbit sera elicited by O35Elgt5 dLOS-TT were further examined and showed cross bactericidal activity against all additional 19 M. catarrhalis strains and clinical isolates studied. Moreover, the rabbit sera displayed cross-reactivity not only among three serotype strains but also clinical isolates in a whole-cell enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay (ELISA), which was further confirmed under transmission electron microscopy. In conclusion, O35Elgt5 dLOS-TT may act as a vaccine against most M. catarrhalis strains and therefore can be used for further in vivo efficacy studies.
Intranasal Immunization of the Combined Lipooligosaccharide Conjugates Protects Mice from the Challenges with Three Serotypes of Moraxella Catarrhalis
PloS One. 2011 | Pubmed ID: 22216312
There are no licensed vaccines available against Moraxella catarrhalis, a significant human respiratory pathogen. Lipooligosaccharide (LOS) based conjugate vaccines derived from individual serotype M. catarrhalis only showed partial protection coverage. A vaccine combining LOS conjugates of two or three serotypes might provide a broader protection.