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In JoVE (1)
- Medida da Pressão Intracraniana peridural em ratos, utilizando um transdutor de pressão de fibra óptica
Other Publications (2)
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Articles by Damian McLeod in JoVE
Medida da Pressão Intracraniana peridural em ratos, utilizando um transdutor de pressão de fibra óptica
Lucy Murtha, Damian McLeod, Neil Spratt
Biomedical Sciences and Pharmacy, The University of Newcastle
Uma nova técnica para gravar as pressões dentro do crânio é descrito. O método minimamente invasiva utiliza um sistema de pressão de fibra óptica de detecção para medir com precisão a pressão intracraniana (ICP) em ratos anestesiados, sem causar trauma cerebral significativa. A técnica pode ser utilizada em uma ampla variedade de modelos experimentais.
Other articles by Damian McLeod on PubMed
'Salvaged' Stroke Ischaemic Penumbra Shows Significant Injury: Studies with the Hypoxia Tracer FMISO
Journal of Cerebral Blood Flow and Metabolism : Official Journal of the International Society of Cerebral Blood Flow and Metabolism. Mar, 2011 | Pubmed ID: 20877386
The degree of cellular injury within the stroke ischaemic penumbra is controversial. Clinical and experimental studies using the hypoxia tracer fluoromisonidazole (FMISO) have shown retention of this tracer in the penumbra, but cellular outcome has not been well characterised. We hypothesised that macroscopically intact FMISO-retaining penumbral tissues would show evidence of microscopic injury, and that no FMISO retention would be seen in the infarct core. To determine the distribution of FMISO retention, a tritium-labelled tracer (hydrogen-3 FMISO ([(3)H]FMISO)) was administered 5 minutes after induction of 2-hour temporary middle cerebral artery occlusion. Coregistered brain histology and autoradiography at 24 hours revealed marked retention of FMISO within the infarct. However, 48% of the FMISO-retaining tissue was not infarcted. Within this noninfarcted tissue, only 27% (17 of 64) of sampled regions showed no evidence of neuronal loss, whereas 44% (28 of 64) showed injury to >50% of neurons within the sample. To determine whether FMISO retention occurred after the tissue was already committed to infarction, FMISO was administered 4 to 6 hours after the onset of permanent vessel occlusion. Intense FMISO retention was consistently seen throughout the infarct core. In conclusion, FMISO retention occurs both within the ischaemic penumbra and within the early infarct core. Most penumbral tissues show evidence of selective cellular injury.
International Journal of Stroke : Official Journal of the International Stroke Society. Aug, 2011 | Pubmed ID: 21609409
Brain computed tomography perfusion imaging in acute stroke may help guide therapy. However, the perfusion thresholds defining potentially salvageable (penumbra) and irreversibly injured (infarct core) tissue require further validation. The aim of this study was to validate infarct core and penumbra perfusion thresholds in a rodent stroke model by developing and optimising perfusion computed tomography imaging, performing serial scanning and correlating scans with final histology. Stroke was induced in male Wistar rats (n=17) using the middle cerebral artery thread-occlusion method. Perfusion computed tomography scans were obtained immediately pre- and postocclusion, and every 30 min for 2.5 h. Histological changes of infarction were assessed after 24 h. High-quality maps of cerebral blood flow and cerebral blood volume were generated at multiple coronal planes after optimisation of contrast injection and scanning parameters. The prestroke absolute cerebral blood flow and cerebral blood volume values (mean ± SD) were 158.2 ± 49.94 ml/min per 100 g and 5.6 ± 1.13 ml per 100 g, respectively. Cerebral blood flow was significantly lower in the infarct region of interest than the contralateral hemisphere region of interest at all time points, except the 0.5 h postocclusion time point. However, cerebral blood volume was only significantly lower in the infarct region of interest than the contralateral hemisphere region of interest at the 1 h and the 1.5 h time points (postocclusion). This study has demonstrated for the first time the feasibility of performing perfusion computed tomography in the most commonly used animal model of stroke. The model will allow definitive studies to determine optimal thresholds and the reliability of perfusion computed tomography measures for infarct core and penumbra.