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In JoVE (1)
Other Publications (5)
Articles by David S. Wilkes in JoVE
Development of Obliterative Bronchiolitis in a Murine Model of Orthotopic Lung Transplantation
Hidemi Suzuki1,2, Lin Fan1,2, David S. Wilkes1,2
1Departments of Medicine, Microbiology and Immunology, Indiana University School of Medicine, 2Center for Immunobiology, Indiana University School of Medicine
Obliterative bronchiolitis is the key impediment to the long-term survival of lung transplant recipients and the lack of a robust preclinical model precludes examining obliterative bronchiolitis immunopathogenesis. Unlike other solid organ transplants, vascularized mouse lung transplantation has only recently been developed. Here we show our independently developed obliterative bronchiolitis model after murine orthotopic single-lung transplantation.
Other articles by David S. Wilkes on PubMed
Pulmonary Immunoglobulin Responses to Streptococcus Pneumoniae Are Altered but Not Reduced in Human Immunodeficiency Virus-infected Malawian Adults
The Journal of Infectious Diseases. Sep, 2003 | Pubmed ID: 12934182
We tested the hypothesis that human immunodeficiency virus (HIV)-infected adults have a specific defect in anti-pneumococcal capsular polysaccharide (Pn-specific) immunoglobulin (Ig) in fluid obtained from the lower respiratory tract. Higher levels of total IgG and IgM were present in bronchoalveolar lavage samples from HIV-infected subjects than in those from HIV-uninfected subjects. Pn-specific IgG and IgM in bronchoalveolar lavage samples were not significantly different between HIV-infected and -uninfected subjects. After pneumococcal infection, HIV-infected patients had higher bronchoalveolar lavage levels of Pn-specific IgG than HIV-infected patients without recent infection (geometric means, 387 vs. 30 ng/mL, P=.001).
Flt3-ligand, IL-4, GM-CSF, and Adherence-mediated Isolation of Murine Lung Dendritic Cells: Assessment of Isolation Technique on Phenotype and Function
Journal of Immunology (Baltimore, Md. : 1950). Oct, 2004 | Pubmed ID: 15470028
Lung dendritic cells (DCs) are difficult to study due to their limited quantities and the complexities required for isolation. Although many procedures have been used to overcome this challenge, the effects of isolation techniques on lung DCs have not been reported. The current study shows that freshly isolated DCs (CD11c+) have limited ability to induce proliferation in allogeneic T cells, and are immature as indicated by low cell surface expression of costimulatory molecules compared with liver or splenic DCs. DCs isolated after overnight culture or from mice treated with Flt3L are phenotypically mature and potent stimulators of allogeneic T cells. DCs could not be propagated from lung mononuclear cells in response to IL-4 and GM-CSF. Contrary to data reported for nonpulmonary DCs, expression of CCR6 was decreased on mature lung DCs, and only a subset of mature DCs expressed higher levels of CCR7. Absence of CD8alpha expression indicates that freshly isolated DCs are myeloid-type, whereas mature DCs induced by overnight culture are both "lymphoid" (CD8alpha+) and "myeloid" (CD8alpha-). DCs from mice genetically deficient in CD8alpha expression were strong simulators of allogeneic T cells which was consistent with data showing that CD8alpha- DCs from CD8alpha-sufficient mice are better APCs compared with CD8alpha+ DCs from the same mice. These data show that freshly isolated lung DCs are phenotypically and functionally distinct, and that the isolation technique alters the biology of these cells. Therefore, lung DC phenotype and function must be interpreted relative to the technique used for isolation.
Critical Reviews in Immunology. 2005 | Pubmed ID: 16390323
Dendritic cells (DCs) are central to the integration of innate and adaptive immunity. In contrast to B and T lymphocytes, DCs have retained many of the pattern recognition receptors and are thus uniquely able to sense stimuli such as tissue damage, necrosis, and bacterial and viral infection. Also, immature DCs respond to danger signals in the environment, which leads to their maturation, upon which DCs differentiate and acquire the ability to direct the development of the primary immune response. The ability of lung DCs to elicit specific CD4 and CD8 T lymphocyte responses have made them attractive targets for vaccine development strategies in the treatment and prevention of diseases such as allograft rejection responses, allergy, and asthma, as well as autoimmune disease and cancer.
Dendritic Cell-T Cell Interactions: CD8 Alpha Alpha Expressed on Dendritic Cells Regulates T Cell Proliferation
Immunology Letters. Feb, 2007 | Pubmed ID: 17224189
Expression of the CD8 alpha alpha homodimer has been used to differentiate lymphoid (CD8alpha(+)) from myeloid (CD8alpha(-)) dendritic cells (DCs). We have reported that CD8alpha(+) and CD8alpha(-) DCs have differential abilities to stimulate proliferation in allogeneic T cells. However, no specific function has been attributed to DC-derived CD8alpha. The current study examines the hypothesis that CD8 alpha alpha expression on DCs regulates DC-induced T cell activation. CD8alpha(-) transduced bone marrow-derived DCs were more potent stimulators of T cell proliferation, and produced significantly greater quantities of IL-12 in co-culture with T cells. LCK, a kinase whose expression is reported to be T cell-restricted and known to bind to the cytoplasmic tail of CD8 alpha beta in T cells, was detected readily in primary CD8alpha(+) splenic DCs and at greater levels than CD8alpha(-) DCs from the same tissues. LCK also co-precipitated with CD8alpha on immunblots strongly suggesting its role in CD8alpha(+) DC-induced T cell activation. Collectively, these data show that CD8alpha expressed on DC may not only be a lineage/maturation marker but also contribute to DC function.
American Journal of Respiratory Cell and Molecular Biology. May, 2011 | Pubmed ID: 20639459
We reported that inhibiting matrix metalloproteinases (MMP), known to remodel the extracellular matrix, also down-regulated antigen-specific T-cell responses. However, the direct role of MMP2 and MMP9 in regulating intracellular function in T cells is unknown. Markers of cellular activation and cytokine profiles were examined in anti-CD3-stimulated wild-type C57BL/6 mouse-derived CD4(+) or CD8(+) T cells, or MMP2- or MMP9-deficient (-/-) mice. MMP-sufficient T cells were also treated with SB-3CT, a highly selective inhibitor of MMP2 and MMP9. The effect of MMP-specific inhibition on T cell-dependent, antigen-specific murine lung injury was examined in vivo. SB-3CT induced dose-dependent reductions in anti-CD3-stimulated T-cell proliferation. Although MMP2(-/-) cells were reduced 20%, anti-CD3-induced proliferation was down-regulated 80-85% in MMP9(-/-) or in SB-3CT-treated wild-type CD4(+) and CD8(+) T cells. Intracellular calcium flux was augmented in response to MMP inhibition or deficiency in the same cells, and IL-2 production was reduced in CD4(+) and CD8(+) MMP9(-/-) T cells. SB-3CT-mediated MMP2 and MMP9 inhibition abrogated antigen-specific CD8(+) T cell-mediated lung injury in vivo. MMPs, particularly MMP9, may function intracellularly to regulate T-cell activation. T cell-targeted MMP inhibition may provide a novel approach of immune regulation in the treatment of T cell-mediated diseases.