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In JoVE (1)
Other Publications (6)
Articles by Dongyoung Lee in JoVE
A Multi-Parametric Islet Perifusion System within a Microfluidic Perifusion Device
Adeola F. Adewola1, Yong Wang1, Tricia Harvat1, David T. Eddington2, Dongyoung Lee1, Jose Oberholzer1,2
1Department of Surgery, University of Illinois, Chicago, 2Department of Bioengineering, University of Illinois, Chicago
A microfluidic islet perifusion device was developed for the assessment of dynamic insulin secretion of multiple islets and simultaneous fluorescence imaging of calcium influx and mitochondrial potential changes.
Other articles by Dongyoung Lee on PubMed
Biomedical Microdevices. Jun, 2010 | Pubmed ID: 20300858
A microfluidic islet perifusion device was developed for the assessment of dynamic insulin secretion of multiple pancreatic islets and simultaneous fluorescence imaging of calcium influx and mitochondrial potential changes. The fanned out design of the second generation device optimized the efficient mixing and uniform distribution of rapid alternating solutions in the perifusion chamber and allowed for the generation of reproducible glucose gradients. Simultaneous imaging of calcium influx and mitochondrial potential changes in response to glucose stimulation showed high signal-noise ratio and spatial-temporal resolution. These results suggest that this system can be used for detailed study of the endocrine function of pancreatic islets with simultaneous imaging of intracellular ion fluxes and mitochondrial membrane potential changes. This tool can be used for quality assessment of islets preparation before transplantation and for in vitro studies of islet function.
Repeated Administration of Bone Marrow-derived Mesenchymal Stem Cells Improved the Protective Effects on a Remnant Kidney Model
Renal Failure. 2010 | Pubmed ID: 20662698
Mesenchymal stem cell (MSC) has been implied to have the therapeutic potential on chronic kidney disease (CKD). However, the underlying mechanism is still unclear and administration frequency of MSCs could be an issue in a chronic disease model. We evaluated the effect of repeated administration of MSCs on a remnant kidney model. MSCs from 5-week male Sprague-Dawley rats were infused by tail vein into 7-week female 5/6 nephrectomized rats after tagging with a fluorescent probe, chloromethyl-1,1-dioctadecyl-3,3,3',3'-tetramethyl- indocarbocyanine perchlorate (CM-Dil). Effect of weekly administration of MSCs was compared with the effect of once injection of MSCs and mesangial cells (MCs) at 1 and 5 weeks, respectively. Engraftment of MSCs into the kidney was evaluated by the presence of CM-Dil fluorescence or SRY gene expression. Weekly MSCs administration showed significant improvement in systolic blood pressure (SBP), urinary protein excretion amount, and serum creatinine level at 5 weeks, whereas once MSCs or MCs administration did not. Although once MSCs administration attenuated glomerulosclerosis and infiltration of ED-1 positive cells at 5 weeks as compared with MCs, weekly MSC administration led to a more significant improvement. Renal SRY gene expression and presence of CM-Dil-tagged cells could be confirmed at 1 week after injection of MSCs or weekly injected group, but not at 5 weeks after once injection. MSCs attenuated cortical expression of interleukin (IL)-6 and elevated the expression of IL-10, but these effects were only sustained in the weekly group. Thus, repeated administration of MSCs improves the protective effect on remnant kidney injury, but primarily via the paracrine effect rather than differentiation.
Modified Gold Nanoparticle Vectors: a Biocompatible Intracellular Delivery System for Pancreatic Islet Cell Transplantation
Surgery. Oct, 2010 | Pubmed ID: 20800254
Islet transplantation is an emerging therapy for type 1 diabetes mellitus with variable success. Molecular therapeutics is a promising approach to improve islet graft function and transplant outcomes. Traditional delivery vectors, however, have poor cell penetration and generally lead to compromised islet function. Modified gold nanoparticles represent a potential alternative in that they are taken up into cells efficiently and have unique binding properties. The objective of this study was to investigate whether gold nanoparticles can transfect islets uniformly without compromising cellular function.
Bioanalysis. Oct, 2010 | Pubmed ID: 21083325
β-cells respond to blood glucose by secreting insulin to maintain glucose homeostasis. Perifusion enables manipulation of biological and chemical cues in elucidating the mechanisms of β-cell physiology. Recently, microfluidic devices made of polydimethylsiloxane and Borofloat glass have been developed as miniaturized perifusion setups and demonstrated distinct advantages over conventional techniques in resolving rapid secretory and metabolic waveforms intrinsic to β-cells. In order to enhance sensing and monitoring capabilities, these devices have been integrated with analytical tools to increase assay throughput. The spatio-temporal resolutions of these analyses have been improved through enhanced flow control, valves and compartmentalization. For the first time, this review provides an overview of current devices used in islet studies and analyzes their strengths and experimental suitability. To realize the potential of microfluidic islet applications, it is essential to bridge the gap in design and application between engineers and biologists through the creation of standardized bioassays and user-friendly interfaces.
Biomedical Microdevices. Aug, 2011 | Pubmed ID: 21850483
This study explores a new class of duplex microfluidic device which utilizes a dual perifusion network to simultaneously perform live-cell optical imaging of physiological activities and study insulin release kinetics on two islet populations. This device also incorporates on-chip staggered herringbone mixers (SHMs) to increase mixing efficiency and facilitate the generation of user-defined chemical gradients. Mouse islets are used to simultaneously measure dynamic insulin release, changes in mitochondrial potentials, and calcium influx in response to insulin secretagogues (glucose and tolbutamide), and show a high signal-to-noise ratio and spatiotemporal resolution of all measured parameters for both perifusion chambers. This system has many potential applications for studying β-cell physiology and pathophysiology, as well as for therapeutic drug screening. This dual perifusion device is not limited to islet studies and could easily be applied to other tissues and cells without major modifications.
Systematic Prevention of Bubble Formation and Accumulation for Long-term Culture of Pancreatic Islet Cells in Microfluidic Device
Biomedical Microdevices. Jan, 2012 | Pubmed ID: 22252566
Reliable long-term cell culture in microfluidic system is limited by air bubble formation and accumulation. In this study, we developed a bubble removal system capable of both trapping and discharging air bubbles in a consistent and reliable manner. Combined with PDMS (Polydimethylsiloxane) hydrophilic surface treatment and vacuum filling, a microfluidic perifusion system equipped with the bubble trap was successfully applied for long-term culture of mouse pancreatic islets with no bubble formation and no flow interruption. In addition to demonstrating normal cell viability and islet morphology, post-cultured islets exhibited normal insulin secretion kinetics, intracellular calcium signaling, and changes in mitochondrial potentials in response to glucose challenge. This design could be easily adapted by other microfluidic systems due to its simple design, ease of fabrication, and portability.