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In JoVE (1)
Other Publications (2)
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Articles by Edward Avezov in JoVE
Pulso-chase Análise de Cadeias N-linked Açúcar de Glicoproteínas em células de mamíferos
Edward Avezov, Efrat Ron, Yana Izenshtein, Yosef Adan, Gerardo Z. Lederkremer
Department of Cell Research and Immunology, George Wise Faculty of Life Sciences, Tel Aviv University
Nós descrevemos um método para análise da alteração da N-glicanos ligados através do início da vida de glicoproteínas após a sua biossíntese em células de mamíferos. Isto é conseguido através de pulso-chase análise de glicanos metabolicamente marcados, a liberação enzimática das glicoproteínas e análise por HPLC.
Other articles by Edward Avezov on PubMed
PERK-dependent Compartmentalization of ERAD and Unfolded Protein Response Machineries During ER Stress
Experimental Cell Research. Oct, 2007 | Pubmed ID: 17707796
Accumulation of misfolded proteins in the endoplasmic reticulum (ER) activates the ER membrane kinases PERK and IRE1 leading to the unfolded protein response (UPR). We show here that UPR activation triggers PERK and IRE1 segregation from BiP and their sorting with misfolded proteins to the ER-derived quality control compartment (ERQC), a pericentriolar compartment that we had identified previously. PERK phosphorylates translation factor eIF2alpha, which then accumulates on the cytosolic side of the ERQC. Dominant negative PERK or eIF2alpha(S51A) mutants prevent the compartmentalization, whereas eIF2alpha(S51D) mutant, which mimics constitutive phosphorylation, promotes it. This suggests a feedback loop where eIF2alpha phosphorylation causes pericentriolar concentration at the ERQC, which in turn amplifies the UPR. ER-associated degradation (ERAD) is an UPR-dependent process; we also find that ERAD components (Sec61beta, HRD1, p97/VCP, ubiquitin) are recruited to the ERQC, making it a likely site for retrotranslocation. In addition, we show that autophagy, suggested to play a role in elimination of aggregated proteins, is unrelated to protein accumulation in the ERQC.
Endoplasmic Reticulum (ER) Mannosidase I is Compartmentalized and Required for N-glycan Trimming to Man5-6GlcNAc2 in Glycoprotein ER-associated Degradation
Molecular Biology of the Cell. Jan, 2008 | Pubmed ID: 18003979
We had previously shown that endoplasmic reticulum (ER)-associated degradation (ERAD) of glycoproteins in mammalian cells involves trimming of three to four mannose residues from the N-linked oligosaccharide Man(9)GlcNAc(2). A possible candidate for this activity, ER mannosidase I (ERManI), accelerates the degradation of ERAD substrates when overexpressed. Although in vitro, at low concentrations, ERManI removes only one specific mannose residue, at very high concentrations it can excise up to four alpha1,2-linked mannose residues. Using small interfering RNA knockdown of ERManI, we show that this enzyme is required for trimming to Man(5-6)GlcNAc(2) and for ERAD in cells in vivo, leading to the accumulation of Man(9)GlcNAc(2) and Glc(1)Man(9)GlcNAc(2) on a model substrate. Thus, trimming by ERManI to the smaller oligosaccharides would remove the glycoprotein from reglucosylation and calnexin binding cycles. ERManI is strikingly concentrated together with the ERAD substrate in the pericentriolar ER-derived quality control compartment (ERQC) that we had described previously. ERManI knockdown prevents substrate accumulation in the ERQC. We suggest that the ERQC provides a high local concentration of ERManI, and passage through this compartment would allow timing of ERAD, possibly through a cycling mechanism. When newly made glycoproteins cannot fold properly, transport through the ERQC leads to trimming of a critical number of mannose residues, triggering a signal for degradation.