Translate this page to:
In JoVE (3)
- Brain Imaging Investigation of the Neural Correlates of Emotional Autobiographical Recollection
- Brain Imaging Investigation of the Neural Correlates of Emotion Regulation
- Brain Imaging Investigation of the Impairing Effect of Emotion on Cognition
Other Publications (8)
Articles by Ekaterina Denkova in JoVE
Brain Imaging Investigation of the Neural Correlates of Emotional Autobiographical Recollection
Ekaterina Denkova1, Trisha Chakrabarty1, Sanda Dolcos1,2, Florin Dolcos1,2,3,4
1Department of Psychiatry, University of Alberta, Edmonton, 2Psychology Department, University of Illinois, Urbana-Champaign, 3Neuroscience Program, University of Illinois, Urbana-Champaign, 4Beckman Institute for Advanced Science & Technology, University of Illinois, Urbana-Champaign
We present a protocol that allows investigation of the neural correlates of recollecting emotional autobiographical memories, using functional magnetic resonance imaging. This protocol can be used with both healthy and clinical participants.
Brain Imaging Investigation of the Neural Correlates of Emotion Regulation
Sanda Dolcos1, Keen Sung2, Ekaterina Denkova3, Roger A. Dixon4,5, Florin Dolcos1,6,7
1Department of Psychology, University of Illinois, Urbana-Champaign, 2Department of Computing Science, University of Alberta, Edmonton, 3Department of Psychiatry, University of Alberta, Edmonton, 4Department of Psychology, University of Alberta, Edmonton, 5Centre for Neuroscience, University of Alberta, Edmonton, 6Neuroscience Program, University of Illinois, Urbana-Champaign, 7Beckman Institute, University of Illinois, Urbana-Champaign
We present a protocol that allows investigation of the neural correlates of deliberate and automatic emotion regulation, using functional magnetic resonance imaging. This protocol can be used in healthy participants, both young and older, as well as in clinical patients.
Brain Imaging Investigation of the Impairing Effect of Emotion on Cognition
Gloria Wong1,2, Sanda Dolcos1,3, Ekaterina Denkova1, Rajendra Morey4,5,6, Lihong Wang4,5, Gregory McCarthy6,7, Florin Dolcos1,2,3,8,9
1Department of Psychiatry, University of Alberta, 2Centre for Neuroscience, University of Alberta, 3Department of Psychology, University of Illinois, 4Brain Imaging and Analysis Center, Duke University, 5Department of Psychiatry and Behavioral Sciences, Duke University, 6Mid-Atlantic Mental Illness Research Education and Clinical Center, VA Medical Center, 7Department of Psychology, Yale University, 8Neuroscience Program, University of Illinois, 9Beckman Institute for Advanced Science & Technology, University of Illinois
We present a protocol that allows investigation of the neural mechanisms mediating the detrimental impact of emotion on cognition, using functional magnetic resonance imaging. This protocol can be used with both healthy and clinical participants.
Other articles by Ekaterina Denkova on PubMed
Brain Research. Mar, 2006 | Pubmed ID: 16492377
Faces of other significant people are highly self-relevant and close to our everyday way of recollecting past events. We chose such stimuli to probe the emotional component of autobiographical memory retrieval. Photographs were collected from family members without the participant's involvement, thereby avoiding refreshment of the memory trace prior to the scanning session. We asked the subjects to spontaneously evoke a unique autobiographical episode following the presentation of relatives' and friends' faces. Famous faces recognition was used as a semantic memory control task. We carried out a post-fMRI debriefing session to collect participants' memories and their emotional intensity. The post-scanning behavioural data together with the neuroimaging data provided evidence that emotional aspects were implicitly involved during recollections. Our findings suggest that the use of highly self-relevant stimuli and the collection of data with no previous refreshment of the memory trace influence the right lateralisation of activations in the medial temporal lobe (MTL).
Neuropsychologia. 2006 | Pubmed ID: 16879842
It has been suggested that knowledge about some famous people depends on both a generic semantic component and an autobiographical component [Westmacott, R., & Moscovitch, M. (2003). The contribution of autobiographical significance to semantic memory. Memory and Cognition, 31, 761-774]. The neuropsychological studies of semantic dementia (SD) and Alzheimer disease (AD) demonstrated that the two aspects are very likely to be mediated by different brain structures, with the episodic component being highly dependent upon the integrity of the medial temporal lobe (MTL) [Westmacott, R., Black, S. E., Freedman, M., & Moscovitch, M. (2004). The contribution of autobiographical significance to semantic memory: Evidence from Alzheimer's disease, semantic dementia, and amnesia. Neuropsychologia, 42, 25-48]. Using an fMRI design in healthy participants, we aimed: (i) to investigate the pattern of brain activations sustaining the autobiographical and the semantic aspects of knowledge about famous persons. Moreover, (ii) we examined if the stimulus material (face/name) influences the lateralisation of the cerebral networks. Our findings suggested that different patterns of activation corresponded to the presence or absence of personal significance linked to semantic knowledge; MTL was engaged only in the former case. Although choice of stimulus material did not influence the hemispheric lateralisation in "classical" terms, it did play a role in engaging different cerebral regions.
Material-independent Cerebral Network of Re-experiencing Personal Events: Evidence from Two Parallel FMRI Experiments
Neuroscience Letters. Oct, 2006 | Pubmed ID: 16959412
Two parallel fMRI experiments were conducted with the aim to clarify the lateralisation issue of the cerebral network underlying autobiographical memory retrieval independently of the stimulus material and the refreshment of the memory trace. The verbal experiment required a pre-scanning interview, while the nonverbal version tested the subjects directly during the fMRI session. Both experiments were constructed using the same experimental design to eliminate methodological variables in order to render comparisons possible. We found a predominantly left-lateralised cerebral network independently of material and regardless of whether or not memory traces were reactivated prior to the scanning session. We discuss the results in the context of neuroimaging studies of autobiographical memory (AbM).
Neurocase. Oct, 2007 | Pubmed ID: 18781436
We studied a case of psychogenic amnesia by means of a functional magnetic resonance imaging (fMRI) experiment involving the retrieval of autobiographical memories. The 38-year-old patient was unable to access most of her autobiographical memories from her childhood up to 16 years of age. Compared with the forgotten period, evocation of the normally retrieved memories elicited increased activity in medial temporal and dorso-lateral frontal regions. Evocation of the preserved scattered recollections was associated with bilaterally distributed temporo-parieto-occipital loci of activations. These functional changes seem to support the idea of common mechanisms involved in both organic and psychogenic amnesias.
Experiencing Past and Future Personal Events: Functional Neuroimaging Evidence on the Neural Bases of Mental Time Travel
Brain and Cognition. Mar, 2008 | Pubmed ID: 17881109
Functional MRI was used in healthy subjects to investigate the existence of common neural structures supporting re-experiencing the past and pre-experiencing the future. Past and future events evocation appears to involve highly similar patterns of brain activation including, in particular, the medial prefrontal cortex, posterior regions and the medial temporal lobes. This result seems to support the view of a common neurocognitive system, which would allow humans to mentally travel through time. Past events recollection was associated with greater amplitude of hippocampal and anterior medial prefrontal hemodynamic responses. This result is discussed in terms of the involvement of the self in the conscious experience of past and future events representations. More generally, our data provide new evidence in favour of the idea that re- and pre-experiencing past and future events may rely on similar cognitive capacities.
The Neural Bases of the Constructive Nature of Autobiographical Memories Studied with a Self-paced FMRI Design
Memory (Hove, England). May, 2008 | Pubmed ID: 18432480
In Conway and Pleydell-Pearce's model (2000), autobiographical memories are viewed as transitory mental representations, more often generated in an effortful way. An important claim of the model concerns the dynamic process that evolves over time, from the left prefrontal areas to posterior regions, to retrieve specific memories. The present work aims at investigating, using fMRI, the temporal distribution of effortful autobiographical memory construction. In addition, a self-paced design was implemented to elucidate the question of the timing window required to evoke recollections. The results showed a large pattern of brain regions, which included the two major poles of activation predicted by Conway and Pleydell-Pearce's model. Likewise, we were able to detect the earlier implication of the left dorso-lateral prefrontal cortex, by comparison with posterior structures, which seemed to confirm its involvement in the effortful retrieval process. Finally, the self-paced procedure allowed us to refine the timing window necessary to construct past events.
The Impact of Anxiety-inducing Distraction on Cognitive Performance: a Combined Brain Imaging and Personality Investigation
PloS One. 2010 | Pubmed ID: 21152391
Previous investigations revealed that the impact of task-irrelevant emotional distraction on ongoing goal-oriented cognitive processing is linked to opposite patterns of activation in emotional and perceptual vs. cognitive control/executive brain regions. However, little is known about the role of individual variations in these responses. The present study investigated the effect of trait anxiety on the neural responses mediating the impact of transient anxiety-inducing task-irrelevant distraction on cognitive performance, and on the neural correlates of coping with such distraction. We investigated whether activity in the brain regions sensitive to emotional distraction would show dissociable patterns of co-variation with measures indexing individual variations in trait anxiety and cognitive performance.
Reliving Emotional Personal Memories: Affective Biases Linked to Personality and Sex-related Differences
Emotion (Washington, D.C.). Jan, 2012 | Pubmed ID: 22251043
Although available evidence suggests that the emotional valence and recollective properties of autobiographical memories (AMs) may be influenced by personality- and sex-related differences, overall these relationships remain poorly understood. The present study investigated these issues by comparing the effect of general personality traits (extraversion and neuroticism) and specific traits linked to emotion regulation (ER) strategies (reappraisal and suppression) on the retrieval of emotional AMs and on the associated postretrieval emotional states, in men and women. First, extraversion predicted recollection of positive AMs in both men and women, whereas neuroticism predicted the proportion of negative AMs in men and the frequency of rehearsing negative AMs in women. Second, reappraisal predicted positive AMs in men, and suppression predicted negative AMs in women. Third, while reliving of positive memories had an overall indirect effect on postretrieval positive mood through extraversion, reliving of negative AMs had a direct effect on postretrieval negative mood, which was linked to inefficient engagement of suppression in women. Our findings suggest that personality traits associated with positive affect predict recollection of positive AMs and maintenance of a positive mood, whereas personality traits associated with negative affect, along with differential engagement of habitual ER strategies in men and women, predict sex-related differences in the recollection and experiencing of negative AMs. These findings provide insight into the factors that influence affective biases in reliving AMs, and into their possible link to sex-related differences in the susceptibility to affective disorders. (PsycINFO Database Record (c) 2012 APA, all rights reserved).