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In JoVE (1)
Other Publications (4)
Articles by Elizabeth J. Abraham in JoVE
Scale-Up of Mammalian Cell Culture using a New Multilayered Flask
Elizabeth J. Abraham, Katie A. Slater, Suparna Sanyal, Ken Linehan, Paula M. Flaherty, Susan Qian
Cells play an instrumental and increasing role in research, and the discovery and development of new therapeutics. With this increasing need for greater number of cells we need more efficient and effective ways for growing and harvesting attachment dependent cells. A Multilayered flask with the right features can serve this purpose.
Other articles by Elizabeth J. Abraham on PubMed
Nestin-positive Progenitor Cells Derived from Adult Human Pancreatic Islets of Langerhans Contain Side Population (SP) Cells Defined by Expression of the ABCG2 (BCRP1) ATP-binding Cassette Transporter
Biochemical and Biophysical Research Communications. May, 2002 | Pubmed ID: 12054520
The disease diabetes mellitus arises as a consequence of a failure of the beta-cells in the islets of Langerhans of the pancreas to produce insulin in the amounts required to meet the needs of the body. Whole pancreas or islet transplants in patients with severe diabetes effectively restore insulin production. A lack of availability of donor pancreata requires the development of alternative sources of islets such as the ex vivo culture and differentiation of stem/progenitor cells. Earlier we discovered multipotential progenitor cells in islets isolated from adult human pancreata that express the neural stem cell marker nestin: nestin-positive islet-derived progenitor cells (NIPs). Recently it was shown that the exclusion of the Hoechst 33342 dye, which defines the pluripotential side population (SP) of hematopoietic stem cells, is mediated by the ATP-binding cassette transporter, ABCG2. Here we report that the human islet-derived NIPs contain a substantial subpopulation of SP cells that co-express ABCG2, MDR1, and nestin. Thus NIPs may be a potential source of adult pluripotential stem/progenitor cells useful for the production of islet tissue for transplantation into diabetic subjects.
Insulinotropic Hormone Glucagon-like Peptide-1 Differentiation of Human Pancreatic Islet-derived Progenitor Cells into Insulin-producing Cells
Endocrinology. Aug, 2002 | Pubmed ID: 12130581
Glucagon-like peptide-1 (GLP-1) is an intestinal incretin hormone, derived from the processing of proglucagon, that exerts insulinotropic actions on insulin-producing pancreatic islet beta-cells. Recently GLP-1 was shown to stimulate the growth and differentiation (neogenesis) of beta-cells and appears to do so by inducing the expression of the homeodomain protein IDX-1 (islet duodenum homeobox-1; also known as PDX-1, pancreatic and duodenal homeobox gene; and as IPF-1, insulin promoter factor), which is required for pancreas development and the expression of beta-cell-specific genes. Earlier we identified multipotential progenitor cells in the islet and ducts of the pancreas, termed nestin-positive islet-derived progenitor cells (NIPs). Here we report the expression of functional GLP-1 receptors on NIPs and that GLP-1 stimulates the differentiation of NIPs into insulin-producing cells. Furthermore, confluent NIP cultures express the proglucagon gene and secrete GLP-1. These findings suggest a model of islet development in which pancreatic progenitor cells express both GLP-1 receptors and proglucagon with the formation of GLP-1. Locally produced GLP-1 may act as an autocrine/paracrine developmental morphogen on receptors on NIPs, resulting in the activation of IDX-1 and the expression of the proinsulin gene conferring a beta-cell phenotype. GLP-1 may be an important morphogen both for the embryonic development of the pancreas and for the neogenesis of beta-cells in the islets of the adult pancreas.
The American Journal of Pathology. Mar, 2004 | Pubmed ID: 14982836
The potential for the use of stem/progenitor cells for the restoration of injured or diseased tissues has garnered much interest recently, establishing a new field of research called regenerative medicine. Attention has been focused on embryonic stem cells derived from human fetal tissues. However, the use of human fetal tissue for research and transplantation is controversial. An alternative is the isolation and utilization of multipotent stem/progenitor cells derived from adult donor tissues. We have previously reported on the isolation, propagation, and partial characterization of a population of stem/progenitor cells isolated from the pancreatic islets of Langerhans of adult human donor pancreata. Here we show that these human adult tissue-derived cells, nestin-positive islet-derived stem/progenitor cells, prepared from human adult pancreata survive engraftment and produce tissue chimerism when transplanted into immunocompetent mice either under the kidney capsule or by systemic injection. These xenografts seem to induce immune tolerance by establishing a mixed chimerism in the mice. We propose that a population of stem/progenitor cells isolated from the islets of the pancreas can cross xenogeneic transplantation immune barriers, induce tissue tolerance, and grow.