Translate this page to:
In JoVE (1)
Other Publications (3)
This translation into Arabic was automatically generated.
English Version | Other Languages
Articles by Erkan Y. Osman in JoVE
تقديم وكلاء العلاجية من خلال Intracerebroventricular (ICV) ، وحقن في الوريد (رابعا) في الفئران
Jacqueline J. Glascock1, Erkan Y. Osman1, Tristan H. Coady2, Ferrill F. Rose1, Monir Shababi3, Christian L. Lorson3
1Department of Molecular Microbiology and Immunology, Bond Life Sciences Center, University of Missouri, 2Department of Biological Sciences, Columbia University, 3Department of Veterinary Pathobiology, Bond Life Sciences Center, University of Missouri
هذه المقالة يوضح طريقتين مختلفتين جدا من الحقن : 1) في الدماغ (intracerebroventricular) و 2) جهازية (في الوريد) لإدخال العوامل العلاجية في النظام العصبي المركزي من الفئران حديثي الولادة.
Other articles by Erkan Y. Osman on PubMed
Delivery of Bifunctional RNAs That Target an Intronic Repressor and Increase SMN Levels in an Animal Model of Spinal Muscular Atrophy
Human Molecular Genetics. May, 2009 | Pubmed ID: 19228773
Spinal muscular atrophy (SMA) is a motor neuron disease caused by the loss of survival motor neuron-1 (SMN1). A nearly identical copy gene, SMN2, is present in all SMA patients, which produces low levels of functional protein. Although the SMN2 coding sequence has the potential to produce normal, full-length SMN, approximately 90% of SMN2-derived transcripts are alternatively spliced and encode a truncated protein lacking the final coding exon (exon 7). SMN2, however, is an excellent therapeutic target. Previously, we developed bifunctional RNAs that bound SMN exon 7 and modulated SMN2 splicing. To optimize the efficiency of the bifunctional RNAs, a different antisense target was required. To this end, we genetically verified the identity of a putative intronic repressor and developed bifunctional RNAs that target this sequence. Consequently, there is a 2-fold mechanism of SMN induction: inhibition of the intronic repressor and recruitment of SR proteins via the SR recruitment sequence of the bifunctional RNA. The bifunctional RNAs effectively increased SMN in human primary SMA fibroblasts. Lead candidates were synthesized as 2'-O-methyl RNAs and were directly injected in the central nervous system of SMA mice. Single-RNA injections were able to illicit a robust induction of SMN protein in the brain and throughout the spinal column of neonatal SMA mice. In a severe model of SMA, mean life span was extended following the delivery of bifunctional RNAs. This technology has direct implications for the development of an SMA therapy, but also lends itself to a multitude of diseases caused by aberrant pre-mRNA splicing.
Decreasing Disease Severity in Symptomatic, Smn(-/-);SMN2(+/+), Spinal Muscular Atrophy Mice Following ScAAV9-SMN Delivery
Human Gene Therapy. Jan, 2012 | Pubmed ID: 22029744
Abstract Spinal muscular atrophy (SMA), an autosomal recessive neuromuscular disorder, is the leading genetic cause of infant mortality. SMA is caused by the homozygous loss of Survival Motor Neuron-1 (SMN1). In humans, a nearly identical copy gene is present, SMN2. SMN2 is retained in all SMA patients and encodes the same protein as SMN1. However, SMN1 and SMN2 differ by a silent C-to-T transition at the 5' end of exon 7, causing alternative splicing of SMN2 transcripts and low levels of full-length SMN. SMA is monogenic and therefore well suited for gene-replacement strategies. Recently, self-complementary adeno-associated virus (scAAV) vectors have been used to deliver the SMN cDNA to an animal model of disease, the SMNΔ7 mouse. In this study, we examine a severe model of SMA, Smn(-/-);SMN2(+/+), to determine whether gene replacement is viable in a model in which disease development begins in utero. Using two delivery paradigms, intracerebroventricular injections and intravenous injections, we delivered scAAV9-SMN and demonstrated a two to four fold increase in survival, in addition to improving many of the phenotypic parameters of the model. This represents the longest extension in survival for this severe model for any therapeutic intervention and suggests that postsymptomatic treatment of SMA may lead to significant improvement of disease severity.
Bifunctional RNAs Targeting the Intronic Splicing Silencer N1 Increase SMN Levels and Reduce Disease Severity in an Animal Model of Spinal Muscular Atrophy
Molecular Therapy : the Journal of the American Society of Gene Therapy. Jan, 2012 | Pubmed ID: 22031236
Spinal muscular atrophy (SMA) is a neurodegenerative disease caused by loss of survival motor neuron-1 (SMN1). A nearly identical copy gene, SMN2, is present in all SMA patients. Although the SMN2 coding sequence has the potential to produce full-length SMN, nearly 90% of SMN2-derived transcripts are alternatively spliced and encode a truncated protein. SMN2, however, is an excellent therapeutic target. Previously, we developed antisense-based oligonucleotides (bifunctional RNAs) that specifically recruit SR/SR-like splicing factors and target a negative regulator of SMN2 exon-7 inclusion within intron-6. As a means to optimize the antisense sequence of the bifunctional RNAs, we chose to target a potent intronic repressor downstream of SMN2 exon 7, called intronic splicing silencer N1 (ISS-N1). We developed RNAs that specifically target ISS-N1 and concurrently recruit the modular SR proteins SF2/ASF or hTra2β1. RNAs were directly injected in the brains of SMA mice. Bifunctional RNA injections were able to elicit robust induction of SMN protein in the brain and spinal column of neonatal SMA mice. Importantly, hTra2β1-ISS-N1 and SF2/ASF-ISS-N1 bifunctional RNAs significantly extended lifespan and increased weight in the SMNΔ7 mice. This technology has direct implications for SMA therapy and provides similar therapeutic strategies for other diseases caused by aberrant splicing.