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In JoVE (1)
Other Publications (11)
- Reproductive Biomedicine Online
- Asian Journal of Andrology
- Fertility and Sterility
- Cardiovascular Pathology : the Official Journal of the Society for Cardiovascular Pathology
- Genetics in Medicine : Official Journal of the American College of Medical Genetics
- Journal of Human Genetics
- Human Genetics
- Human Reproduction (Oxford, England)
- Systems Biology in Reproductive Medicine
- Systems Biology in Reproductive Medicine
- Molecular Cytogenetics
Articles by Ester Anton in JoVE
Fluorescence in situ hybridization (FISH) Protocol in Human Sperm
Zaida Sarrate, Ester Anton
Unitat de Biologia Cel·lular (Facultat de Biociències), Universitat Autónoma de Barcelona
This video-article describes, step by step, how to process a semen sample to achieve good-quality fluorescence in situ hybridization on human spermatozoa. Preparations obtained can be used for aneuploidy screening in the context of clinical diagnosis.
Other articles by Ester Anton on PubMed
Preferential Alternate Segregation in the Common T(11;22)(q23;q11) Reciprocal Translocation: Sperm FISH Analysis in Two Brothers
Reproductive Biomedicine Online. Dec, 2004 | Pubmed ID: 15670411
Segregation behaviour studies in t(11;22) carriers have reported controversial results. Whereas some authors have detected a preponderance of 3:1 products, no evidence of such prevalence was found by others. This study reports a fluorescence in-situ hybridization (FISH) segregation analysis on decondensed spermatozoa in two brothers, carriers of the same t(11;22)(q23;q11) rearrangement. Data revealed a similar meiotic segregation pattern in both carriers, 2:2 Alternate segregation being the most frequent (42.94 and 45%), while 3:1 genotypes were the least frequent in both patients, with percentages around 10%. The production of three chiasmata, based on the presence of G-light bands along the translocated segments and the presence of recombination sites at 11q and 22q distal regions, are proposed as the cause of a preponderance of the Alternate segregation. Interchromosomal effects involving chromosomes 13, 18, 21, X and Y were also evaluated. An increased frequency of sex chromosome disomies was detected in one patient. Reviewing the literature, a relationship between this phenomenon and the involvement of acrocentric chromosomes in the reorganization is suggested. FISH segregation and interchromosomal effects studies in spermatozoa are encouraged to gather information to establish the best approach for preimplantational genetic diagnosis in reorganization carriers.
Asian Journal of Andrology. Sep, 2005 | Pubmed ID: 16110350
Chromosome abnormalities are one of the major causes of human infertility. In infertile males, abnormal karyotypes are more frequent than in the general population. Furthermore, meiotic disorders affecting the germ cell-line have been observed in men with normal somatic karyotypes consulting for infertility. In both cases, the production of unbalanced spermatozoa has been demonstrated. Basically addressed to establish reproductive risks, fluorescence in situ hybridization (FISH) on decondensed sperm heads has become the most frequently used method to evaluate the chromosomal constitution of spermatozoa in carriers of numerical sex chromosome abnormalities, carriers of structural chromosome reorganizations and infertile males with normal karyotype. The aim of this review is to present updated figures of the information obtained through sperm FISH studies with an emphasis on its clinical significance. Furthermore, the incorporation of novel FISH-based techniques (Multiplex-FISH; Multi-FISH) in male infertility studies is also discussed.
Fertility and Sterility. Mar, 2006 | Pubmed ID: 16500335
To evaluate the risk of four inversion carriers for producing unbalanced gametes.
Cardiovascular Pathology : the Official Journal of the Society for Cardiovascular Pathology. Sep-Oct, 2007 | Pubmed ID: 17868885
Papillary fibroelastoma (PF) is a rare benign heart tumor and represents less than 10% of primary cardiac tumors. It mainly affects the cardiac valves and is often discovered during open heart surgery or autopsy. We present a case of a patient who was detected with a left ventricular apex tumor during the evaluation of the transient ischemic attack. The patient underwent surgery, and subsequently, macroscopic and microscopic examination confirmed the diagnosis of PF.
Genetics in Medicine : Official Journal of the American College of Medical Genetics. Oct, 2008 | Pubmed ID: 18813133
Segregation and interchromosomal effect studies have been performed in reciprocal translocation carriers by sperm-fluorescent in situ hybridization reporting a great heterogeneity. The divergences have been attributed to the particular cytogenetic characteristics of each rearrangement. Nevertheless, there is no consensus in the factors that are responsible for such variability. The purpose of this study was to determine which cytogenetic features influence in the segregation and interchromosomal effect outcome.
Journal of Human Genetics. Aug, 2010 | Pubmed ID: 20555339
Robertsonian translocations are one of the most frequent reorganizations in humans. Their segregational behavior and their implication in the occurrence of interchromosomal effects (ICEs) has been an important topic of research for the past 10 years. Most of the cases analyzed correspond to rearrangements with chromosomes from the D-group (chromosomes 13, 14 and 15), whereas some rare Robertsonian translocations are scarcely found in the literature, mainly those with both chromosomes from the G-group (chromosomes 21 and 22) and those involving chromosomes from both groups (D;G translocations). Results supporting/rejecting the existence of the ICE phenomenon have been reported, showing the need for more studies to characterize its distribution. In this study, sperm fluorescent in situ hybridization studies have been performed in three D;G Robertsonian translocation carriers: two men with the translocation t(14;21) and a third individual with the rare t(13;22) reorganization. Segregation and ICE results have been considered in relation to their cytogenetic features and all previously published data. The compiled information discards a particular segregation behavior related to the chromosomes involved. In contrast with this segregational homogeneity, heterogeneous ICE results were observed, indicating a significant but random distribution of such phenomenon.
Human Genetics. Jan, 2011 | Pubmed ID: 20931230
Genomic disorders are human diseases caused by meiotic chromosomal rearrangements of unstable regions flanked by Low Copy Repeats (LCRs). LCRs act as substrates for Non-Allelic Homologous Recombination (NAHR) leading to deletions and duplications. The aim of this study was to assess the basal frequency of deletions and duplications of the 7q11.23, 15q11-q13 and 22q11.2 regions in spermatozoa from control donors to check differences in the susceptibility to generate anomalies and to assess the contribution of intra- and inter-chromatid NAHR events. Semen samples from ten control donors were processed by FISH. A customized combination of probes was used to discriminate among normal, deleted and duplicated sperm genotypes. A minimum of 10,000 sperm were assessed per sample and region. There were no differences in the mean frequency of deletions and duplications (del + dup) among the 7q11.23, 15q11-q13 and 22q11.2 regions (frequency ± SEM, 0.37 ± 0.02; 0.46 ± 0.07 and 0.27 ± 0.07%, respectively) (P = 0.122). Nevertheless, hierarchical cluster analysis reveals interindividual differences suggesting that particular haplotypes could be the main source of variability in NAHR rates. The mean frequency of deletions was not different from the mean frequency of duplications in the 7q11.23 (P = 0.202) and 15q11-q13 (P = 0.609) regions, indicating a predominant inter-chromatid NAHR. By contrast, in the 22q11.2 region the frequency of deletions slightly exceed duplications (P = 0.032), although at the individual level any donor showed differences. Altogether, our results support the inter-chromatid NAHR as the predominant mechanism involved in the generation of sperm deletions and duplications.
Human Reproduction (Oxford, England). Dec, 2011 | Pubmed ID: 21989093
There has been substantial interest in assessing whether RNAs (mRNAs and sncRNAs, i.e. small non-coding) delivered from mammalian spermatozoa play a functional role in early embryo development. While the cadre of spermatozoal mRNAs has been characterized, comparatively little is known about the distribution or function of the estimated 24,000 sncRNAs within each normal human spermatozoon.
Interchromosomal Effect Analyses by Sperm FISH: Incidence and Distribution Among Reorganization Carriers
Systems Biology in Reproductive Medicine. Dec, 2011 | Pubmed ID: 22092077
Structural reorganization carriers usually present compromised fertility accompanied by an increased risk of producing gametes with chromosomal abnormalities that can be transmitted to the offspring. In part these imbalances are ascribed to result from the occurrence of meiotic disturbances produced by the rearrangements in the proper segregation of other chromosome pairs. This phenomenon of interference has been called interchromosomal effect (ICE). Several studies have been performed to assess the occurrence of ICE in structural reorganization carriers by analyzing the frequencies of numerical abnormalities in the gametes. Nevertheless, the occurrence and distribution of these disturbing events still is a controversial issue. In this work we present compiled data from 130 sperm fluorescent in situ hybridization (FISH) studies performed in carriers of the most frequent structural rearrangements in humans: 44 Robertsonian translocations, 66 reciprocal translocations and 13 inversions. Data from 7 complex/multiple rearrangements will be considered in a separate group. Significant increases of gametes with numerical abnormalities have been detected in all types of reorganization carriers. Among the groups of non-complex/multiple rearrangements, Robertsonian translocations appear to be the most prone to produce such interference (54.5%) closely followed by reciprocal translocations (43.9%). In contrast, ICE's were only detected in 7.7% of the inversion carriers analyzed. The presence of complex/multiple rearrangements seems to be an important factor for promoting ICE, as 71.4% of these carriers presented increased rates of gametes with numerical abnormalities. Altogether, almost half of the structural reorganization carriers (45.4%) present a higher reproductive risk of producing aneuploid/diploid spermatozoa compared to the general population. This high incidence has been obtained by analyzing a small set of chromosomes, suggesting that underlying meiotic disorders could be present in these individuals. Further ICE studies in structural reorganization carriers will help to clarify the still unknown predisposing cytogenetic features that promote this phenomenon.
Systems Biology in Reproductive Medicine. Feb, 2012 | Pubmed ID: 22239080
Establishing specific biomarkers for the assessment of human male fertility status is an important goal to ensure the fitness of the male contribution so as to support the birth of a healthy child. Spermatozoa are considered an optimal surrogate tissue for the evaluation of spermatogenic function. Unlike the cells of the testis, spermatozoa do not require invasive procedures to procure a sample. A broad range of sperm biomarkers and tests have been described as useful for the assessment of the sperm function. However, these approaches appear limited considering the current state of the art of molecular diagnostics that could be developed for this purpose. In this review, we outline the suite of sperm biomarkers that are currently in use to assess human male fertility status. Their use as indicators of genotoxic exposure will be discussed.
Molecular Cytogenetics. Feb, 2012 | Pubmed ID: 22309495
ABSTRACT: Low-Copy Repeats predispose the 15q11-q13 region to non-allelic homologous recombination. We have already demonstrated that a significant percentage of Prader-Willi syndrome (PWS) fathers have an increased susceptibility to generate 15q11q13 deletions in spermatozoa, suggesting the participation of intrachromatid exchanges. This work has been focused on assessing the incidence of de novo 15q11q13 inversions in spermatozoa of control donors and PWS fathers in order to determine the basal rates of inversions and to confirm the intrachromatid mechanism as the main cause of 15q11q13 anomalies. Semen samples from 10 control donors and 16 PWS fathers were processed and analyzed by triple-color FISH. Three differentially labeled BAC-clones were used: one proximal and two distal of the 15q11-q13 region. Signal associations allowed the discrimination between normal and inverted haplotypes, which were confirmed by laser-scanning confocal microscopy. Two types of inversions were detected which correspond to the segments involved in Class I and II PWS deletions. No significant differences were observed in the mean frequencies of inversions between controls and PWS fathers (3.59%+/-0.46 and 9.51%+/-0.87 vs 3.06%+/-0.33 and 10.07%+/-0.74). Individual comparisons showed significant increases of inversions in four PWS fathers (P<0.05) previously reported as patients with increases of 15q11q13 deletions. Results suggest that the incidence of heterozygous inversion carriers in the general population could reach significant values. This situation could have important implications, as they have been described as predisposing haplotypes for genomic disorders. As a whole, results confirm the high instability of the 15q11-q13 region, which is prone to different types of de novo reorganizations by intrachromatid NAHR.