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In JoVE (1)
- Пептидов из библиотеки Показать Фаг Модуляция экспрессии генов в клетки и мезенхимальные Потенцирует остеогенез в Unicortical костных дефектов
Other Publications (6)
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Articles by Gina Beck in JoVE
Пептидов из библиотеки Показать Фаг Модуляция экспрессии генов в клетки и мезенхимальные Потенцирует остеогенез в Unicortical костных дефектов
Gary Balian1, Gina Beck1, Vedavathi Madhu1, Robert Sikes2, Quanjun Cui3, Haixiang Liang1, Joshua Bush1
1Orthopaedics Research, University of Virginia, 2Biological Sciences, University of Delaware, 3Orthopaedic Surgery, University of Virginia
Библиотека фагового дисплея была использована для определения пептидных последовательностей, предназначенных для костей. Целью было изучение влияния этих пептидов на мезенхимальной дифференциации клеток и определить их влияние на регенерацию кости.
Other articles by Gina Beck on PubMed
Spine. Oct, 2003 | Pubmed ID: 14560080
A radiographic, histologic, biochemical, and gene expression study was conducted in vivo in a rabbit model to determine the effect of injection of the N-terminal 30 kDa fibronectin fragment (Fn-f) into the intervertebral disc along with various control substances.
Collagen and Proteoglycan Abnormalities in the GDF-5-deficient Mice and Molecular Changes when Treating Disk Cells with Recombinant Growth Factor
Spine. Oct, 2004 | Pubmed ID: 15480133
A magnetic resonance image, histologic, biochemical, and gene expression study was conducted to characterize the effects of growth and development factor-5 (GDF-5) deficiency on the health of the intervertebral disc.
Journal of Neuroscience Methods. Nov, 2005 | Pubmed ID: 15970332
We describe a method of using laminin for the selection and purification of Schwann cells in vitro. We also studied the viability of the selected cells suspended in alginate beads both in vitro and in vivo. We observed that the homogeneity of the Schwann cell culture increased with each round of laminin selection and reached 85-90% after five passages. The viability of cells after incubation within an alginate bead in vivo was between 73 and 76% compared with greater than 90% viability for cells that were maintained in monolayer culture. This new method of serial selection using laminin-coated surfaces has optimized the purification of a Schwann cell culture expanded from cells harvested from the adult sciatic nerve of a mouse. This method has the advantage of being technically easier than other methods described and results in a Schwann cell culture that is 80-90% homogenous.
An Adenosine A2A Receptor Agonist Reduces Interleukin-8 Expression and Glycosaminoglycan Loss Following Septic Arthrosis
Journal of Orthopaedic Research : Official Publication of the Orthopaedic Research Society. Sep, 2005 | Pubmed ID: 16140198
The purpose of this study was to determine whether an adenosine A(2A) receptor agonist (ATL146e) might augment the current treatment regimen of antibiotics plus irrigation and debridement to prevent the arthritic effects associated with joint sepsis. Staphylococcus aureus bacteria were injected into knees of rabbits, which were divided into 4 treatment groups (12 rabbits per group): no treatment, ATL146e only, antibiotics only, or antibiotics plus ATL146e. Analysis at days 1, 3, and 7 consisted of gross joint appearance, synovial fluid, serum, histologic, immunohistochemical, and biochemical analysis. Synovial fluid cultures at day 7 were negative in all antibiotic and antibiotic plus ATL146e treated knees indicating clearance of bacteria. Average WBC counts from synovial fluid aspirates significantly decreased with treatment of antibiotics alone and antibiotics plus ATL146e. Treatment with antibiotics plus ATL146e significantly decreased the Interleukin-8 content when compared to other treatment groups (p<0.001) indicating inflammatory response suppression. Histologic grading resulted in notably improved scores in the antibiotics plus ATL146e group compared to other treatment groups (p < or =0.001). Glycosaminoglycan assay values were significantly greater in the ATL146e plus antibiotics group compared to the untreated control group (p<0.04) indicating chondroprotection. The results of this study indicate that administration of an adenosine A(2A) agonist in combination with antibiotic therapy diminishes joint WBC chemotaxis and reduces joint inflammation, while not compromising the clearance of intraarticular bacteria in a rabbit model. Early bacterial clearance with modulation of the inflammatory response appears to prevent the early degradative effects of joint sepsis.
Recombinant Growth/differentiation Factor-5 Stimulates Osteogenic Differentiation of Fat-derived Stromal Cells in Vitro
Connective Tissue Research. 2006 | Pubmed ID: 17118748
Fat-derived stromal cells can differentiate into various skeletal tissues. Currently the mechanism that determines whether stromal cells differentiate into osteoblasts is unclear and the role of growth/differentiation factor (GDF)-5 in differentiation of fat-derived stromal cells is not fully understood. It appears that the differentiation of stromal cells is greatly enhanced by GDF-5 that plays a role in a variety of musculoskeletal processes such as joint formation, tendon maintenance, and bone formation. Our study showed that GDF-5 promotes the differentiation of rat fat-derived stromal cells into osteogenic lineages in vitro. Furthermore, these findings were confirmed by histology, biochemical assay for alkaline phosphatase activity, and analysis of gene expression. The ability to preferentially stimulate fat-derived stromal cells down the osteogenic pathway holds significance in a variety of clinical scenarios.
Growth and Differentiation Factor-5 (GDF-5) Stimulates Osteogenic Differentiation and Increases Vascular Endothelial Growth Factor (VEGF) Levels in Fat-derived Stromal Cells in Vitro
Bone. Feb, 2007 | Pubmed ID: 17070126
Fat-derived adult mesenchymal stem cells can differentiate into different phenotypes reflecting their potential to regenerate various skeletal tissues. These properties together with the association of adipose with skeletal tissues formed the basis of our study to establish an experimental model for using fat-derived stromal cells to undergo osteogenic differentiation in vitro under the influence of either growth and differentiation factor-5 (GDF-5) or bone morphogenetic protein-2 (BMP-2). Members of the BMP/GDF family of proteins are known for their ability to elicit skeletal morphogenesis, but little is known about the mechanism whereby these morphogens exert their effect on the osteogenic differentiation of fat-derived stromal cells. We compared the effects of GDF-5 and BMP-2 in their recombinant forms to qualitatively and quantitatively determine their influence on the osteogenic differentiation of fat derived stromal cells by examining the effects on mineralization, extracellular matrix, cell proliferation, biochemistry, and gene expression. We identified that GDF-5 not only promotes osteogenic differentiation of rat fat-derived stromal cells, but also may promote angiogenic activity of stromal cells by increasing vascular endothelial growth factor (VEGF) gene expression in vitro. These data suggest that several distinct regulatory mechanisms may exist in association with osteogenic differentiation.