Translate this page to:
In JoVE (1)
- إنتاجية عالية في الموقع أسلوب التهجين لتوصيف أنماط التعبير مرنا في الفأر الجنينية السفلى المسالك البولي التناسلي
Other Publications (2)
This translation into Arabic was automatically generated.
English Version | Other Languages
Articles by Heather A. Hardin in JoVE
إنتاجية عالية في الموقع أسلوب التهجين لتوصيف أنماط التعبير مرنا في الفأر الجنينية السفلى المسالك البولي التناسلي
Lisa L. Abler, Vatsal Mehta, Kimberly P. Keil, Pinak S. Joshi, Chelsea-Leigh Flucus, Heather A. Hardin, Christopher T. Schmitz, Chad M. Vezina
Department of Comparative Biosciences, School of Veterinary Medicine, University of Wisconsin-Madison
هنا ، نحن تصف كفاءة عالية الإنتاجية
Other articles by Heather A. Hardin on PubMed
Dioxin Causes Ventral Prostate Agenesis by Disrupting Dorsoventral Patterning in Developing Mouse Prostate
Toxicological Sciences : an Official Journal of the Society of Toxicology. Dec, 2008 | Pubmed ID: 18779384
Prostate ductal development is initiated by androgen-dependent signals in fetal urogenital sinus (UGS) mesenchyme that stimulate prostatic bud formation in UGS epithelium. 2,3,7,8-Tetrachlorodibenzo-p-dioxin (TCDD, 5 microg/kg maternal dose) inhibited ventral and dorsolateral but not anterior prostatic budding. We sought to determine which stage of budding, specification or initiation, was inhibited. Ventral prostatic bud formation was maximally inhibited when TCDD exposure spanned E15.5-16.5 and dorsolateral prostatic bud formation when it spanned E14.5-15.5. Because ventral and dorsolateral buds are specified at these times, TCDD impaired bud specification. We hypothesized that TCDD inhibited ventral bud specification by forming a continuous smooth muscle barrier between UGS mesenchyme and epithelium in the ventral prostatic UGS region, blocking mesenchymal-epithelial signaling, but no such barrier was found. We hypothesized that increased aryl hydrocarbon receptor (AHR) signaling in ventral and dorsolateral UGS increased their sensitivity to TCDD, but levels of AHR nuclear translocator (ARNT) protein, Ahr mRNA, and AHR-dependent gene expression were not higher than in anterior UGS where budding was unaffected. However, we identified overlapping expression of Ahr, ARNT, and AHR-induced transcripts in the periprostatic mesenchyme which intimately contacts UGS epithelium where buds are specified. This was considered the putative TCDD site of action in the UGS for inhibition of ventral and dorsolateral prostatic bud specification. Thus, hyperactivation of AHR signaling appears to disrupt dorsoventral patterning of the UGS, reprogramming where prostatic buds are specified, and prostate lobes are formed. Disrupted axial patterning provides a new paradigm for understanding how in utero TCDD exposure causes ventral prostate agenesis and may shed light on how TCDD impairs development of other organs.
2,3,7,8-Tetrachlorodibenzo-p-dioxin Inhibits Fibroblast Growth Factor 10-induced Prostatic Bud Formation in Mouse Urogenital Sinus
Toxicological Sciences : an Official Journal of the Society of Toxicology. Jan, 2010 | Pubmed ID: 19805408
2,3,7,8-Tetrachlorodibenzo-p-dioxin (TCDD) dorsalizes the pattern of prostatic buds developing from the urogenital sinus (UGS) of male fetal mice, causing some buds to form in inappropriate positions while blocking formation of others. This teratogenic TCDD action significantly reduces prostate main duct number and causes ventral prostate agenesis in exposed males. The purpose of this study was to determine whether inhibition of fibroblast growth factor 10 (FGF10) signaling is mechanistically linked to mouse prostatic budding impairment by TCDD. In utero TCDD exposure induced aryl hydrocarbon receptor-responsive cytochrome P450 1b1 messenger RNA (mRNA) in ventral UGS regions where Fgf10 and fibroblast growth factor receptor 2 (Fgfr2) mRNA were expressed and where budding was most severely inhibited by TCDD. However, TCDD exposure did not reduce Fgf10 or Fgfr2 mRNA abundance in the UGS or alter their distribution. Addition of FGF10 protein to UGS organ culture media increased the abundance of UGS basal epithelial cells immunopositive for phosphorylated extracellular signal-regulated kinase (ERK). FGF10 also increased the number of 5-bromo-2'-deoxyuridine (BrdU)-labeled UGS epithelial cells and increased the number of prostatic buds formed per UGS. Addition of TCDD to UGS organ culture media did not alter FGF10-induced ERK activation in UGS basal epithelium but prevented FGF10-induced BrdU incorporation and blocked FGF10-induced prostatic bud formation. These results identify basal urogenital sinus epithelium cells as the key site of FGF10 action during fetal prostate development and suggest that TCDD likely acts downstream of FGFR2 and ERK to restrict UGS epithelial cell proliferation and prevent prostatic bud formation.