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In JoVE (1)
Other Publications (3)
Articles by Hesham Abdelbary in JoVE
Ex Vivo Infection of Live Tissue with Oncolytic Viruses
Jean-Simon Diallo, Dominic Roy, Hesham Abdelbary, Naomi De Silva, John C. Bell
Center for Innovative Cancer Research, Ottawa Hospital Research Institute (OHRI)
Oncolytic viruses are promising for cancer therapeutics. The ability to ascertain the infectability of live tissue specimens obtained from patients prior to treatment is a unique advantage of this therapeutic approach. This protocol describes how to process tissues for ex vivo infection with oncolytic virus and subsequent viral quantification.
Other articles by Hesham Abdelbary on PubMed
Assessment of Stability of the Cervical Spine in Blunt Trauma Patients: Review of the Literature, with Presentation and Preliminary Results of a Modified Traction Test Protocol
Canadian Journal of Surgery. Journal Canadien De Chirurgie. Oct, 2004 | Pubmed ID: 15540685
To review the reported efficacy of various imaging techniques in assessing stability of the neck in blunt trauma patients, and to present the protocol and preliminary results of a modified traction test protocol.
Chemical Targeting of the Innate Antiviral Response by Histone Deacetylase Inhibitors Renders Refractory Cancers Sensitive to Viral Oncolysis
Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America. Sep, 2008 | Pubmed ID: 18815361
Intratumoral innate immunity can play a significant role in blocking the effective therapeutic spread of a number of oncolytic viruses (OVs). Histone deacetylase inhibitors (HDIs) are known to influence epigenetic modifications of chromatin and can blunt the cellular antiviral response. We reasoned that pretreatment of tumors with HDIs could enhance the replication and spread of OVs within malignancies. Here, we show that HDIs markedly enhance the spread of vesicular stomatitis virus (VSV) in a variety of cancer cells in vitro, in primary tumor tissue explants and in multiple animal models. This increased oncolytic activity correlated with a dampening of cellular IFN responses and augmentation of virus-induced apoptosis. These results illustrate the general utility of HDIs as chemical switches to regulate cellular innate antiviral responses and to provide controlled growth of therapeutic viruses within malignancies. HDIs could have a profoundly positive impact on the clinical implementation of OV therapeutics.
Molecular Therapy : the Journal of the American Society of Gene Therapy. Jun, 2010 | Pubmed ID: 20389287
Oncolytic viruses (OVs) are promising anticancer agents but like other cancer monotherapies, the genetic heterogeneity of human malignancies can lead to treatment resistance. We used a virus/cell-based assay to screen diverse chemical libraries to identify small molecules that could act in synergy with OVs to destroy tumor cells that resist viral infection. Several molecules were identified that aid in viral oncolysis, enhancing virus replication and spread as much as 1,000-fold in tumor cells. One of these molecules we named virus-sensitizers 1 (VSe1), was found to target tumor innate immune response and could enhance OV efficacy in animal tumor models and within primary human tumor explants while remaining benign to normal tissues. We believe this is the first example of a virus/cell-based "pharmacoviral" screen aimed to identify small molecules that modulate cellular response to virus infection and enhance oncolytic virotherapy.