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In JoVE (1)
Other Publications (3)
Articles by Hila Epstein-Barash in JoVE
An Orthotopic Bladder Tumor Model and the Evaluation of Intravesical saRNA Treatment
Moo Rim Kang*1, Glen Yang*1, Klaus Charisse2, Hila Epstein-Barash2, Muthiah Manoharan2, Long-Cheng Li1
1Department of Urology and Helen Diller Comprehensive Cancer Center, University of California, San Francisco, 2Alnylam Pharmaceuticals, Inc.
Establishing an orthotopic bladder tumor model to evaluate antitumor effects of intravesically delivered saRNA and monitoring tumor growth by ultrasound and bioluminescent imaging.
Other articles by Hila Epstein-Barash on PubMed
Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America. Apr, 2009 | Pubmed ID: 19365067
Injectable local anesthetics that would last for many days could have a marked impact on periprocedural care and pain management. Formulations have often been limited in duration of action, or by systemic toxicity, local tissue toxicity from local anesthetics, and inflammation. To address those issues, we developed liposomal formulations of saxitoxin (STX), a compound with ultrapotent local anesthetic properties but little or no cytotoxicity. In vitro, the release of bupivacaine and STX from liposomes depended on the lipid composition and on whether dexamethasone was incorporated. In cell culture, bupivacaine, but not STX, was myotoxic (to C2C12 cells) and neurotoxic (to PC12 cells) in a concentration- and time-dependent manner. Liposomal formulations containing combinations of the above compounds produced sciatic nerve blockade lasting up to 7.5 days (with STX + dexamethasone liposomes) in male Sprague-Dawley rats. Systemic toxicity only occurred where high loadings of dexamethasone increased the release of liposomal STX. Mild myotoxicity was only seen in formulations containing bupivacaine. There was no nerve injury on Epon-embedded sections, and these liposomes did not up-regulate the expression of 4 genes associated with nerve injury in the dorsal root ganglia. These results suggest that controlled release of STX and similar compounds can provide very prolonged nerve blocks with minimal systemic and local toxicity.
Biomaterials. Jul, 2010 | Pubmed ID: 20347484
Here we develop an injectable composite system based for repeated ultrasound-triggered on-demand drug delivery. An in situ-cross-linking hydrogel maintains model drug (dye)-containing liposomes in close proximity to gas-filled microbubbles that serve to enhance release events induced by ultrasound application. Dye release is tunable by varying the proportions of the liposomal and microbubble components, as well as the duration and intensity of the ultrasound pulses in vitro. Dye is minimal at baseline. The composite shows minimal cytotoxicity in vitro, and benign tissue reaction after subcutaneous injection in rats. Ultrasound application also triggers drug release for two weeks after injection in vivo.
Nature Biotechnology. Nov, 2011 | Pubmed ID: 21983520
Excessive and prolonged activity of inflammatory monocytes is a hallmark of many diseases with an inflammatory component. In such conditions, precise targeting of these cells could be therapeutically beneficial while sparing many essential functions of the innate immune system, thus limiting unwanted effects. Inflammatory monocytes-but not the noninflammatory subset-depend on the chemokine receptor CCR2 for localization to injured tissue. Here we present an optimized lipid nanoparticle and a CCR2-silencing short interfering RNA that, when administered systemically in mice, show rapid blood clearance, accumulate in spleen and bone marrow, and localize to monocytes. Efficient degradation of CCR2 mRNA in monocytes prevents their accumulation in sites of inflammation. Specifically, the treatment attenuates their number in atherosclerotic plaques, reduces infarct size after coronary artery occlusion, prolongs normoglycemia in diabetic mice after pancreatic islet transplantation, and results in reduced tumor volumes and lower numbers of tumor-associated macrophages.