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In JoVE (1)

Other Publications (3)

Articles by Irina Gostimskaya in JoVE

 JoVE Biology

Preparation of Highly Coupled Rat Heart Mitochondria

1Faculty of Life Sciences, University of Manchester, 2School of Biological Sciences, Queen's University Belfast


JoVE 2202

We describe а protocol for isolation of pure, highly coupled rat heart mitochondria for functional or structural studies of cellular bioenergetics, biophysical measurements, proteomics or mitochondrial DNA and lipids analysis.

Other articles by Irina Gostimskaya on PubMed

In Situ Assay of the Intramitochondrial Enzymes: Use of Alamethicin for Permeabilization of Mitochondria

The channel-forming antibiotic alamethicin was used to permeabilize mitochondrial membranes for the low molecular mass hydrophilic substrates NADH and ATP. Alamethicin-treated mitochondria show high rotenone-sensitive NADH oxidase, NADH-quinone reductase, and oligomycin-sensitive and carboxyatractylate-insensitive ATPase activities. Alamethicin does not affect Complex I and ATPase activities in inside-out submitochondrial particles. Permeabilized mitochondria quantitatively retain their aconitase and iso-citrate dehydrogenase activities. Electron microscopy of alamethicin-treated mitochondria reveals no disruption of their outer and inner membranes. From the results obtained it is recommended, that alamethicin be used for the in situ catalytic assay of intramitochondrially located enzymes.

Topography and Chemical Reactivity of the Active-inactive Transition-sensitive SH-group in the Mitochondrial NADH:ubiquinone Oxidoreductase (Complex I)

The spatial arrangement and chemical reactivity of the activation-dependent thiol in the mitochondrial Complex I was studied using the membrane penetrating N-ethylmaleimide (NEM) and non-penetrating anionic 5,5'-dithiobis-(2-nitrobenzoate) (DTNB) as the specific inhibitors of the enzyme in mitochondria and inside-out submitochondrial particles (SMP). Both NEM and DTNB rapidly inhibited the de-activated Complex I in SMP. In mitochondria NEM caused rapid inhibition of Complex I, whereas the enzyme activity was insensitive to DTNB. In the presence of the channel-forming antibiotic alamethicin, mitochondrial Complex I became sensitive to DTNB. Neither active nor de-activated Complex I in SMP was inhibited by oxidized glutathione (10 mM, pH 8.0, 75 min). The data suggest that the active/de-active transition sulfhydryl group of Complex I which is sensitive to inhibition by NEM is located at the inner membrane-matrix interface. These data include the sidedness dependency of inhibition, effect of pH, ionic strength, and membrane bilayer modification on enzyme reactivity towards DTNB and its neutral analogue.

Reversible Dissociation of Flavin Mononucleotide from the Mammalian Membrane-bound NADH: Ubiquinone Oxidoreductase (complex I)

Conditions for the reversible dissociation of flavin mononucleotide (FMN) from the membrane-bound mitochondrial NADH:ubiquinone oxidoreductase (complex I) are described. The catalytic activities of the enzyme, i.e. rotenone-insensitive NADH:hexaammineruthenium III reductase and rotenone-sensitive NADH:quinone reductase decline when bovine heart submitochondrial particles are incubated with NADH in the presence of rotenone or cyanide at alkaline pH. FMN protects and fully restores the NADH-induced inactivation whereas riboflavin and flavin adenine dinucleotide do not. The data show that the reduction of complex I significantly weakens the binding of FMN to protein thus resulting in its dissociation when the concentration of holoenzyme is comparable with K(d ( approximately 10(-8)M at pH 10.0).

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