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In JoVE (1)
Other Publications (6)
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Articles by J. Andries Ferreira in JoVE
चूहे में पारंपरिक नासा Hindlimb उतराई मॉडल के लिए एक Alternant विधि
J. Andries Ferreira1, Jacqueline M. Crissey2, Marybeth Brown1,2
1Physical Therapy Department, University of Missouri, Columbia, 2Biomedical Sciences Department, University of Missouri, Columbia
हम एक alternant चूहों में मॉडल उतारने hindlimb विकसित की है. हमारे hindlimb उतारने पारंपरिक मोरे Holton पूंछ कर्षण तकनीक पर पूंछ अंगूठी विधि का प्राथमिक लाभ यह है कि जानवर पर तनाव कम से कम एक सरल सरल प्रक्रिया है.
Other articles by J. Andries Ferreira on PubMed
TCAP Knockdown by RNA Interference Inhibits Myoblast Differentiation in Cultured Skeletal Muscle Cells
Neuromuscular Disorders : NMD. May, 2008 | Pubmed ID: 18440815
Null mutation of titin-cap (TCAP) causes limb-girdle muscular dystrophy type 2G (LGMD2G). LGMD2G patients develop muscle atrophy, and lose the ability to walk by their third decade. Previous findings suggest that TCAP regulates myostatin, a key regulator of muscle growth. We tested the hypothesis that TCAP knockdown with RNA interference will lead to differential expression of genes involved in muscle proliferation and differentiation, impairing muscle cell growth. mRNA from cultured cells treated with TCAP siRNA duplex constructs was analyzed using Northern blots and real-time RT-PCR. siRNA treatment decreased TCAP mRNA expression in differentiating muscle cells. Significant (p<0.05) decreases in mRNA were observed for myogenic regulatory factors. siRNA treatment also prevented development of the normal phenotype of muscle cells. Our findings suggest that TCAP knockdown with RNA interference alters normal muscle cell differentiation.
Estrogen Receptor-alpha and -beta and Aromatase Knockout Effects on Lower Limb Muscle Mass and Contractile Function in Female Mice
American Journal of Physiology. Endocrinology and Metabolism. Apr, 2009 | Pubmed ID: 19176355
Estrogen (E2) is reported to regulate skeletal muscle mass and contractile function; whether E2 exerts its effects through estrogen receptor-alpha (ERalpha) or -beta (ERbeta) is unclear. We determined the effect of ERalpha or ERbeta elimination on muscle mass and contractile function in multiple muscles of the lower limb, muscles with different locomotor tasks and proportions of fiber types I and II: soleus (Sol), plantaris (Plan), tibialis anterior (TA), and gastrocnemius (Gast) in mature female mice. To determine E2 elimination effects on muscle, we also used aromatase (Ar) knockout (KO) and wild-type (WT) mice. ERalpha and ArKO body weights were approximately 10 and 20% higher than WT. Although muscle mass tended to show a commensurate increase in both groups, only the TA was significantly larger in ERalpha (P<0.05). Ratios of muscle mass to body mass revealed significantly lower values for Gast and TA in ArKO mice (P<0.05). Tetanic tension (Po) per calculated anatomical cross-sectional area (aCSA) in ERalpha KO was lower in TA and Gast than in WT. Lower Po/aCSA in ERalpha KO Gast and TA was also supported histologically by significantly less Po/fiber areas (P<0.05). ArKO mice also had lower Po/aCSA in Gast and TA compared with WT. ERbeta KO and WT mice were comparable in all measures. Our results support the hypothesis that E2 effects on skeletal muscle are mediated in part via the ERalpha but that E2 effects may be mediated via more than one mechanism or receptor.
Matrix Biology : Journal of the International Society for Matrix Biology. Sep, 2010 | Pubmed ID: 20619344
Exercise intolerance, muscle fatigue and weakness are often-reported, little-investigated concerns of patients with osteogenesis imperfecta (OI). OI is a heritable connective tissue disorder hallmarked by bone fragility resulting primarily from dominant mutations in the proα1(I) or proα2(I) collagen genes and the recently discovered recessive mutations in post-translational modifying proteins of type I collagen. In this study we examined the soleus (S), plantaris (P), gastrocnemius (G), tibialis anterior (TA) and quadriceps (Q) muscles of mice expressing mild (+/oim) and moderately severe (oim/oim) OI for evidence of inherent muscle pathology. In particular, muscle weight, fiber cross-sectional area (CSA), fiber type, fiber histomorphology, fibrillar collagen content, absolute, relative and specific peak tetanic force (P(o), P(o)/mg and P(o)/CSA respectively) of individual muscles were evaluated. Oim/oim mouse muscles were generally smaller, contained less fibrillar collagen, had decreased P(o) and an inability to sustain P(o) for the 300-ms testing duration for specific muscles; +/oim mice had a similar but milder skeletal muscle phenotype. +/oim mice had mild weakness of specific muscles but were less affected than their oim/oim counterparts which demonstrated readily apparent skeletal muscle pathology. Therefore muscle weakness in oim mice reflects inherent skeletal muscle pathology.
Muscle & Nerve. Jan, 2011 | Pubmed ID: 21082689
Absence of functional myostatin (MSTN) during fetal development results in adult skeletal muscle hypertrophy and hyperplasia. To more fully characterize MSTN loss in hindlimb muscles, the morphology and contractile function of the soleus, plantaris, gastrocnemius, tibialis anterior, and quadriceps muscles in male and female null (Mstn(-/-)), heterozygous (Mstn(+/-)), and wild-type (Mstn(+/+)) mice were investigated. Muscle weights of Mstn(-/-) mice were greater than those of Mstn(+/+) and Mstn(+/-) mice. Fiber cross-sectional area (CSA) was increased in female Mstn(-/-) soleus and gastrocnemius muscles and in the quadriceps of male Mstn(-/-) mice; peak tetanic force in Mstn(-/-) mice did not parallel the increased muscle weight or CSA. Male Mstn(-/-) muscle exhibited moderate degeneration. Visible pathology in male mice and decreased contractile strength relative to increased muscle weight suggest MSTN loss results in muscle impairment, which is dose-, sex-, and muscle-dependent.
Sex Hormones Differentially Influence Voluntary Running Activity, Food Intake and Body Weight in Aging Female and Male Rats
European Journal of Applied Physiology. Dec, 2011 | Pubmed ID: 22170012
The aim of this study was to examine the longer-term effects of reduced gonadal hormones on food intake, food efficiency, voluntary running activity and body weight in mature male and female rats, compared to age-matched controls. We hypothesized that hormonal effects would differ for rats that were not rapidly growing and our results are consistent with this hypothesis. 6-8 month male and female rats were divided into four groups: Female and male control groups and a female and male experimental group. Control groups were intact for 46 weeks. Experimental groups were intact during Phase I (16 weeks), ovariectomized or orchidectomized during Phase II (20 weeks), and received estrogen or testosterone hormone replacement therapy (HRT) during the final Phase III (10 weeks). Food intake and running distance were monitored daily and body weight was recorded weekly for 46 weeks. Contrary to findings for young and growing animals, we did not observe a (1) stabilization of food intake in female rats following OVX, (2) loss of body weight with ORX in males, or (3) complete restoration of running activity in ORX males given testosterone, compared to females given estrogen. Feeding efficiency was not affected by aging in females or males. Loss of estrogen increased energy intake whereas reduced testosterone in males resulted in a negative energy balance. Findings suggest variable hormonal effects for aging male/female rats.
A Rehabilitation Exercise Program to Remediate Skeletal Muscle Atrophy in an Estrogen-deficient Organism May Be Ineffective
European Journal of Applied Physiology. Jan, 2012 | Pubmed ID: 21499884
To determine rehabilitation exercise program effects under hormone deficient (ovariectomy or OVX) and hormone supplemented [OVX + 17-beta estradiol (E2)] conditions. Mature female rats (n = 123) were assigned to OVX or OVX + E2-supplemented groups. OVX and OVX + E2 groups were allocated to one of four conditions: (1) control, (2) hindlimb unweighted (HLU) for 4 weeks to induce muscle atrophy, (3) cage Recovery for 2 weeks after HLU, and (4) Recovery with 2 weeks of rehabilitation exercise program after 4 weeks of HLU. Atrophy following HLU was comparable for OVX and OVX + E2-supplemented rats and was significant in all muscles examined (soleus, tibialis anterior, plantaris, gastrocnemius, quadriceps). Also significant with HLU was the decline in muscle force (P < 0.05) in soleus, plantaris, gastrocnemius and tibialis anterior (quadriceps not tested). There were trends toward return of muscle mass in Recovery OVX and Recovery OVX + E2 groups but only the E2 supplemented OVX rats had return of muscle mass (4/5 muscles studied) with exercise. Peak tetanic tension (Po) returned to control values in the E2 supplemented Exercise rats but not in the unsupplemented Exercise group. For example, gastrocnemius Po for OVX HLU, OVX Recovery and OVX-Exercise groups was 82%*, 82%* and 76%* of control. Gastrocnemius Po for E2 supplemented HLU, Recovery and Exercise groups was 72%*, 95% and 106% of control (*P < 0.05 compared to control). H&E cross-sections from OVX-Exercise rats showed central nuclei. In conclusion, a rehabilitation exercise program to remediate acute atrophy in females appears more effective if E2 is present.