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Articles by Jean Paul Lasserre in JoVE
Toxinvapen Induktion och Protein Extraction från Fusarium SPP. Kulturer för proteomik studier
Matias Pasquali, Frédéric Giraud, Jean Paul Lasserre, Sebastien Planchon, Lucien Hoffmann, Torsten Bohn, Jenny Renaut
Department of Environment and Agro-Biotechnologies (EVA), Nutrition and Toxicology Unit (NuTox), Centre de Recherche Public-Gabriel Lippmann
Protein extraktion för proteomik analyser i svamparter kräver höga nivåer av standardisering som skall utföras i enlighet med den minsta information om ett proteomik experiment (MIAPE) riktlinjer. Vi presenterar en video-protokoll som innehåller ett förfarande för att minimera experimentella partiskhet under toxin induktion och protein utvinnas ur
Other articles by Jean Paul Lasserre on PubMed
Mitochondrion. Jun, 2004 | Pubmed ID: 16120369
In yeast and animals, replication of the mitochondrial genome is carried out by the DNA polymerase gamma. In mammals this polymerase is composed of a catalytic and an accessory subunit. Yeast DNA polymerase gamma was purified over 6600-fold from mitochondria. The catalytic polypeptide of this enzyme was identified as a 135-kDa protein by a photochemical crosslinking procedure and its native molecular weight was estimated between 120 and 140 kDa by gel filtration and glycerol gradient sedimentation. These results indicate that yeast DNA polymerase gamma contains only one subunit and thus has a different quaternary structure from its counterpart in animals.
A Complexomic Study of Escherichia Coli Using Two-dimensional Blue Native/SDS Polyacrylamide Gel Electrophoresis
Electrophoresis. Aug, 2006 | Pubmed ID: 16858726
Study of the complexome - all the protein complexes of the cell - is essential for a better understanding and more global vision of cell function. Using two-dimensional blue native/SDS-PAGE (2-D BN/SDS-PAGE) technology, the cytosolic and membrane protein complexes of Escherichia coli were separated. Then, the different partners of each protein complex were identified by LC-MS/MS. In this report, 306 protein complexes were separated and identified. Among these protein complexes, 50 heteromultimeric and 256 homomultimeric protein complexes were found. Among the 50 heteromultimeric protein complexes, 18 previously described protein complexes validate the technology. In this study, 109 new protein complexes were found, providing insight into the function of previously uncharacterized bacterial proteins.
Two-dimensional Blue Native/SDS Gel Electrophoresis of Multiprotein Complexes from Helicobacter Pylori
Molecular & Cellular Proteomics : MCP. Feb, 2007 | Pubmed ID: 17092930
The study of protein interactions constitutes an important domain to understand the physiology and pathogenesis of microorganisms. The two-dimensional blue native/SDS-PAGE was initially reported to analyze membrane protein complexes. In this study, both cytoplasmic and membrane complexes of a bacterium, the strain J99 of the gastric pathogen Helicobacter pylori, were analyzed by this method. It was possible to identify 34 different proteins grouped in 13 multiprotein complexes, 11 from the cytoplasm and two from the membrane, either previously reported partially or totally in the literature. Besides complexes involved in H. pylori physiology, this method allowed the description of interactions involving known pathogenic factors such as (i) urease with the heat shock protein GroEL or with the putative ketol-acid reductoisomerase IlvC and (ii) the cag pathogenicity island CagA protein with the DNA gyrase GyrA as well as insight on the partners of TsaA, a peroxide reductase/stress-dependent molecular chaperone. The two-dimensional blue native/SDS-PAGE combined with mass spectrometry is a potential tool to study the differences in complexes isolated in various situations and also to study the interactions between bacterial and eucaryotic cell proteins.
Usefulness of Autoantigens Depletion to Detect Autoantibody Signatures by Multiple Affinity Protein Profiling
Journal of Separation Science. Feb, 2007 | Pubmed ID: 17396593
Patients with cancer produce specific autoantibodies against protein antigens present in limited amount among a large background of immunoglobulins (Igs), nonrelevant as biomarkers, including natural antibodies. Multiple affinity protein profiling (MAPPing) that combines 2-D immunoaffinity chromatography, enzymatic digestion of the isolated proteins, and identification by MS/MS, may facilitate the identification of these so far unknown patient antibodies. The first immunoaffinity chromatography is crucial, as it is used for selectively removing proteins (autoantigens) recognized by natural antibodies. Application of this depletion step to colon cancer cell proteins is specifically described along with the identification of the natural autoantigens, as well as the coupling of this depletion step with the next steps. By enabling to separate antibody-binding proteins recognized by either natural autoantibodies or patient-specific antibodies this approach may contribute significantly towards the definition of autoantibody signatures.
Annals of the New York Academy of Sciences. Jun, 2007 | Pubmed ID: 17804550
Cancer remains one of the leading causes of death worldwide. Thus, to identify any useful biomarkers is still a need. We performed "cancer immunomics" to identify autoantibody signatures produced in response to the presence of either breast or colorectal cancer. SERological proteome analysis (SERPA) was performed by two-dimensional (2-D) electrophoresis separation, immunoblotting, image analysis, and mass spectrometry. Alternatively, to identify the antigens recognized by the autoantibodies of cancer patients, we developed an approach combining 2-D immunoaffinity chromatography, enzymatic digestion of the isolated antigens, nano flow separation of the resulting peptides, and identification: MAPPing (multiple affinity protein profiling). By these approaches we identified both proteins recognized by autoantibodies independently of a cancer status, and a limited number of proteins reacting preferentially with cancer sera.
Effects of the Endocrine Disruptors Atrazine and PCB 153 on the Protein Expression of MCF-7 Human Cells
Journal of Proteome Research. Dec, 2009 | Pubmed ID: 19778091
Polychlorinated biphenyls (PCBs) and a number of pesticides can act as endocrine disrupting compounds (EDCs). These molecules exhibit hormonal activity in vivo, and can therefore interact and perturb normal physiological functions. Many of these compounds are persistent in the environment, and their bioaccumulation may constitute a significant threat for human health. Physiological abnormalities following exposure to these xenobiotic compounds go along with alterations at the protein level of individual cells. In this study, MCF-7 cells were exposed to environmentally relevant concentrations of atrazine, PCB153 (100 ppb, respectively), 17-beta estradiol (positive control, 10 nM) and a negative control (solvent) for t = 24 h (n = 3 replicates/exposure group). After trizol extraction and protein solubilization, protein expression levels were studied by 2D-DIGE. Proteins differentially expressed were excised, trypsin-digested, and identified by MALDI-ToF-ToF, followed by NCBInr database search. 2D-DIGE experiments demonstrated that 49 spots corresponding to 29 proteins were significantly differentially expressed in MCF-7 cells (>1.5-fold, P < 0.05, Student's paired t test). These proteins belonged to various cellular compartments (nucleus, cytosol, membrane), and varied in function; 88% of proteins were down-regulated during atrazine exposure, whereas 75% of proteins were up-regulated by PCB153. Affected proteins included those regulating oxidative stress such as superoxide dismutase and structural proteins such as actin or tropomyosin, which may explain morphological changes of cells already observed under the microscope. This study highlights the susceptibility of human cells to compounds with endocrine disrupting properties.
Talanta. Feb, 2010 | Pubmed ID: 20082817
The yeast Yarrowia lipolytica uses hydrophobic substrates, such as alkanes, fatty acids and oils, for its growth. It has developed a strategy for the use of such substrates, involving the production of hydrophobic binding structures called protrusions on the cell surface. These protrusions are resemble channels connecting the cell wall to the inside of the cell, and are probably involved in transport mechanisms that we do not yet fully understand. The complete genome of the haploid Y. lipolytica strain E150 (CLIB99) was sequenced in 2004 by the Génolevures Consortium. The availability of a complete genome sequence for this species has made it possible to carry out proteomic and other investigations, leading to the characterization of lipid bodies (LB) in terms of (i) their lipid composition, (ii) the major LB proteins, as identified by mass spectrometry, and (iii) differences in protein or lipid composition as a function of the carbon source used. Functional analyses would provide insight into the biological processes associated with these bodies and 2D BN/SDS-PAGE is a highly suitable method for the analysis of protein complexes. This report provides a first description of the analysis and identification of hydrophobic binding protein complexes in Y. lipolytica. For this purpose, we used 2D BN/SDS-PAGE for the separation of protein complexes and HPLC-chip-MS for protein identification. We separated and identified 40 protein complexes (11 heteromultimeric and 29 homomultimeric), providing insight into their function. This study represents a major step forward, as most previous studies identified proteins either on the basis of sequence similarity to proteins from other organisms (44% of the proteins identified in this study) or by prediction (50% of proteins identified in this study) alone.
Complexomics Study of Two Helicobacter Pylori Strains of Two Pathological Origins: Potential Targets for Vaccine Development and New Insight in Bacteria Metabolism
Molecular & Cellular Proteomics : MCP. Dec, 2010 | Pubmed ID: 20610778
Helicobacter pylori infection plays a causal role in the development of gastric mucosa-associated lymphoid tissue (MALT) lymphoma (LG-MALT) and duodenal ulcer (DU). Although many virulence factors have been associated with DU, many questions remain unanswered regarding the evolution of the infection toward this exceptional event, LG-MALT. The present study describes and compares the complexome of two H. pylori strains, strain J99 associated with DU and strain B38 associated with LG-MALT, using the two-dimensional blue native/SDS-PAGE method. It was possible to identify 90 different complexes (49 and 41 in the B38 and J99 strains, respectively); 12 of these complexes were common to both strains (seven and five in the membrane and cytoplasm, respectively), reflecting the variability of H. pylori strains. The 44 membrane complexes included numerous outer membrane proteins, such as the major adhesins BabA and SabA retrieved from a complex in the B38 strain, and also proteins from the hor family rarely studied. BabA and BabB adhesins were found to interact independently with HopM/N in the B38 and J99 strains, respectively. The 46 cytosolic complexes essentially comprised proteins involved in H. pylori physiology. Some orphan proteins were retrieved from heterooligomeric complexes, and a function could be proposed for a number of them via the identification of their partners, such as JHP0119, which may be involved in the flagellar function. Overall, this study gave new insights into the membrane and cytoplasm structure, and those which could help in the design of molecules for vaccine and/or antimicrobial agent development are highlighted.
Organellar Protein Complexes of Caco-2 Human Cells Analyzed by Two-dimensional Blue Native/SDS-PAGE and Mass Spectrometry
Journal of Proteome Research. Oct, 2010 | Pubmed ID: 20809636
The complexome is essential for a better understanding of protein functions. In order to study protein complexes, an approach allowing the extraction and the analysis in native conditions is needed. Two-dimensional blue native/SDS-PAGE (2D BN/SDS-PAGE) technology is thus an interesting and powerful approach for this purpose. This report deals with the analysis and the identification of the organellar protein complexes of Caco-2 human cells using 2D BN/SDS-PAGE and HPLC-chip-MS. We identified 58 protein complexes (26 heteromultimeric and 32 homomultimeric complexes) and 4 monomeric proteins. Among them, 32 protein complexes were pointed out, providing insights into the function of previously uncharacterized human proteins.