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In JoVE (1)
Other Publications (8)
- Molecules and Cells
- Biochemical and Biophysical Research Communications
- Journal of Biochemistry and Molecular Biology
- Acta Biochimica Polonica
- Human Molecular Genetics
- Indian Journal of Urology : IJU : Journal of the Urological Society of India
- Molecular Biology Reports
- Bioorganic & Medicinal Chemistry Letters
Articles by Jingchun Yang in JoVE
Immunostaining of Dissected Zebrafish Embryonic Heart
Jingchun Yang, Xiaolei Xu
Division of Cardiovascular Diseases, Department of Biochemistry and Molecular Biology, Mayo Clinic College of Medicine
A rapid way to conduct immunostaining of zebrafish embryonic heart is described. Compared to the whole mount immunostaining approach, this method dramatically increases the penetration of the antibodies, which allows obtaining high resolution images that reveal cellular/subcellular structures in the heart within a much reduced processing time.
Other articles by Jingchun Yang on PubMed
RPK118, a PX Domain-containing Protein, Interacts with Peroxiredoxin-3 Through Pseudo-kinase Domains
Molecules and Cells. Feb, 2005 | Pubmed ID: 15750338
RPK118 is a sphingosine kinase-1-binding protein that has been implicated in sphingosine 1 phosphate-mediated signaling. It contains a PX (phox homology) domain and two pseudo-kinase domains, and co-localizes with sphingosine kinase-1 on early endosomes. In this study we identified a novel RPK118-binding protein, PRDX3 (peroxiredoxin-3), by yeast two-hybrid screening. The interaction between these proteins was confirmed by pull-down assays and co-immunoprecipitation experiments. Deletion studies showed that RPK118 interacted with PRDX3 through its pseudokinase domains, and with early endosomes through its PX domain. Double immunofluorescence experiments demonstrated that PRDX3 co-localized with RPK118 on early endosomes in COS7 cells. PRDX3 is a member of the antioxidant family of proteins synthesized in the cytoplasm and functioning in mitochondria. Our findings indicate that RPK118 is a PRDX3-binding protein that may be involved in transporting PRDX3 from the cytoplasm to its mitochondrial site of function or to other membrane structures via endosome trafficking.
Biochemical and Biophysical Research Communications. Sep, 2007 | Pubmed ID: 17678621
Cyclophilin A (CypA), a peptidyl-prolyl cis-trans isomerase (PPIase), was originally identified as the intracellular receptor for cyclosporin A (CsA). Recently, correlations of CypA with tumor pathogenesis have been studied. Here, we studied the expression of CypA and its receptor CD147 in several kinds of lung cancer cells as well as a normal lung cell and found that in H446 cell, a kind of small cell lung cancer cell, the expression are the highest. The exogeneous CypA protein can substantially stimulate H446 cell growth in dependence on its PPIase activity. We also showed that CypA protein can stimulate ERK1/2 signal in dose and time dependent manners and almost has no effect to p38 and JNK signals. Elucidation of the precise role of CypA in these pathways may lead to new targeted therapies for small cell lung cancer.
Isolation and Characterization of Mouse Testis Specific Serine/threonine Kinase 5 Possessing Four Alternatively Spliced Variants
Journal of Biochemistry and Molecular Biology. Sep, 2007 | Pubmed ID: 17927909
Phosphorylation on serine/threonine or tyrosine residues of target proteins is an essential and significant regulatory mechanism in signal transduction during many cellular and life processes, including spermatogenesis, oogenesis and fertilization. In the present work, we reported the isolation and characterization of mouse testis-specific serine/threonine kinase 5 (Tssk5), which contains four alternatively spliced variants including, Tssk5alpha, Tssk5beta, Tssk5gamma and Tssk5delta. Moreover, the locus of Tssk5 is on chromosome 14qC3 and the four variants had a similar high expression in the testis and the heart; however, had a low expression in other tissues, except for Tssk5alpha which also had comparably high expression in the spleen. Each variant of Tssk5 expression began in the testis 16 days after birth. Aside from TSSK5alpha, the other isoforms have an insertion of ten amino acid residues (RLTPSLSAAG) in region VIb (HRD domain) (His-Arg-Asp). Moreover, only TSSK5alpha exhibited kinase activity and consistently, a further Luciferase Reporter Assay demonstrated that TSSK5beta, TSSK5gamma and TSSK5delta cannot be stimulated at the CREB/CRE responsive pathway in cmparison to TSSK5alpha. These findings suggest that TSSK5beta, TSSK5gamma, TSSK5delta may be pseudokinases due to the insertion, which may damage the structure responsible for active kinase activity. Pull-down assay experiments indicated that TSSK5beta, TSSK5gamma and TSSK5delta can directly interact with TSSK5alpha. In summary, these four isoforms with similar expression patterns may be involved in spermatogenesis through a coordinative way in testis.
Acta Biochimica Polonica. 2008 | Pubmed ID: 18560608
Copper, an essential transient element, can be toxic to cells when present in excess. Altered copper homeostasis is involved in pathological events of many diseases. Human CUTA isoform2 is a member of cation tolerance protein (CutA1) family. In this study, we examined the effect of CUTA isoform2 overexpression on copper toxicity. It was shown that overexpressed CUTA isoform2 sensitized HeLa cells to copper toxicity by promoting copper-induced apoptosis. The inhibition effect of excessive copper on cell proliferation was also enhanced by overexpressed CUTA isoform2. So CUTA isoform2 was implicated to be involved in the cytotoxicity of copper.
Depletion of Zebrafish Tcap Leads to Muscular Dystrophy Via Disrupting Sarcomere-membrane Interaction, Not Sarcomere Assembly
Human Molecular Genetics. Nov, 2009 | Pubmed ID: 19679566
Tcap/telethonin encodes a Z-disc protein that plays important roles in sarcomere assembly, sarcomere-membrane interaction and stretch sensing. It remains unclear why mutations in Tcap lead to limb-girdle muscular dystrophy 2G (LGMD2G) in human patients. Here, we cloned tcap in zebrafish and conducted genetic studies. We show that tcap is functionally conserved, as the Tcap protein appears in the sarcomeric Z-disc and reduction of Tcap resulted in muscular dystrophy-like phenotypes including deformed muscle structure and impaired swimming ability. However, the observations that Tcap integrates into the sarcomere at a stage after the Z-disc becomes periodic, and that the sarcomere remains intact in tcap morphants, suggest that defective sarcomere assembly does not contribute to this particular type of muscular dystrophy. Instead, a defective interaction between the sarcomere and plasma membrane was detected, which was further underscored by the disrupted development of the T-tubule system. Pertinent to a potential function in stretch sensor signaling, zebrafish tcap exhibits a variable expression pattern during somitogenesis. The variable expression is inducible by stretch force, and the expression level of Tcap is negatively regulated by integrin-link kinase (ILK), a protein kinase that is involved in stretch sensing signaling. Together, our genetic studies of tcap in zebrafish suggested that pathogenesis in LGMD2G is due to a disruption of sarcomere-T-tubular interaction, but not of sarcomere assembly per se. In addition, our data prompted a novel hypothesis that predicts that the transcription level of Tcap can be regulated by the stretch force to ensure proper sarcomere-membrane interaction in striated muscles.
Indian Journal of Urology : IJU : Journal of the Urological Society of India. Jul, 2009 | Pubmed ID: 19881121
Benign prostatic hyperplasia (BPH) is the most common condition affecting men older than 50 years of age. It affects about 10 percent of men under the age of 40, and increases to about 80 percent by 80 years of age. BPH is a hyperplastic process of the fibromuscular stromal and glandular epithelial elements of the prostate. Aging and the presence of the functional testes are the two established risk factors for the development of BPH. The etiopathogenesis of BPH is still largely unresolved, but multiple partially overlapping and complementary theories have been proposed, all of which seem to be operative at least to some extent. This review is focused on recent progress in this area and on the growing consensus for the important mechanisms underlying the etiology and pathogenesis of BPH.
Molecular Biology Reports. Jan, 2009 | Pubmed ID: 17924204
CUTA, Homo sapiens divalent cation tolerance homolog, has been implicated in anchoring of acetylcholinesterase in neuronal cell membranes. However, a protein highly homologous to CUTA in Rattus norvegicus is structurally similar to the signal transduction protein PII, and this similarity suggests an intriguing role of CUTA in signal transduction. Recent researches indicated that CUTA was one of the 35 key genes responsible for lactation in mammary gland development. However, the physiological role of CUTA is still unclear, so more information of this gene is needed. In this study, the expression profile of CUTA gene in human tissues was examined, and our research revealed that CUTA gene was constitutively expressed in all of the 18 tissues tested. As reported, CUTA gene has five variant transcripts encoding three isoforms with different N terminals. CUTA isoform2 is encoded by three of the five variant transcripts as the common part of the three isoforms. So CUTA isoform2 was chose as representative to characterize the CUTA protein. We constructed a HeLa cell line stably transfected with the encoding sequence of CUTA isoform2 for further study. The subcellular location and oligomeric structure of the CUTA isoform2 was analyzed in the stable cell lines. It was found that the CUTA isoform2 was mainly located in mitochondria as a new potential mitochondrial protein. Furthermore, CUTA isoform2 formed trimers in cell lysate with the possible occurrence of heteropolymers. These findings would be helpful to the further study on the specific function of CUTA protein.
Bioorganic & Medicinal Chemistry Letters. Sep, 2010 | Pubmed ID: 20719511
The discovery, synthesis and preliminary structure-activity relationships (SARs) of a novel class of CB1 antagonists is described. Initial optimization of benzimidazole-based screening hit 4 led to the identification of 'inverted' indole-based lead compound 18c with improved properties versus compound 4 including reduced AlogP, improved microsomal stability and improved aqueous solubility. Compound 18c demonstrates in vivo CB1 antagonist efficacy (CB1 agonist induced hypothermia model) and is orally bioavailable in rat.