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In JoVE (2)
- De cultuur van primaire motorische en sensorische neuronen in de gedefinieerde media op electrospun Poly-L-lactide Nanovezel Steigers
- Electrospinning Fundamentals: Het optimaliseren van Solution en Apparatuur Parameters
Other Publications (8)
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Articles by Joseph M. Corey in JoVE
De cultuur van primaire motorische en sensorische neuronen in de gedefinieerde media op electrospun Poly-L-lactide Nanovezel Steigers
Michelle K. Leach1, Zhang-Qi Feng2, Caitlyn C. Gertz3, Samuel J. Tuck3, Tara M. Regan3, Youssef Naim3, Andrea M. Vincent3, Joseph M. Corey1,3,4
1Department of Biomedical Engineering, University of Michigan, 2State Key Laboratory of Bioelectronics, Southeast University, 3Department of Neurology, University of Michigan, 4Geriatric Research, Education and Clinical Center, Veterans Affairs Ann Arbor Health System
Uitgelijnd electrospun vezels direct de groei van neuronen in vitro en zijn een potentieel onderdeel van de zenuw regeneratie steigers. We beschrijven een procedure voor het bereiden van electrospun vezels substraten en de serum-vrije cultuur van primaire rat E15 sensorische (DRG) en de motor neuronen. Visualisatie van de neuronen door middel van immunocytochemie is ook inbegrepen.
Electrospinning Fundamentals: Het optimaliseren van Solution en Apparatuur Parameters
Michelle K. Leach1, Zhang-Qi Feng1,2, Samuel J. Tuck3, Joseph M. Corey1,3,4
1Department of Biomedical Engineering, University of Michigan, 2State Key Laboratory of Bioelectronics, Southeast University, 3Department of Neurology, University of Michigan, 4Geriatrics Research, Education and Clinical Center, Veterans Affairs Ann Arbor Healthcare Center
Electrospinning technieken kan een verscheidenheid van nanofibrous scaffolds voor tissue engineering of andere toepassingen. We beschrijven hier een procedure om de parameters van de electrospinning oplossing en apparatuur te optimaliseren om vezels te verkrijgen met de gewenste morfologie en uitlijning. Veel voorkomende problemen en het oplossen van problemen technieken worden ook gepresenteerd.
Other articles by Joseph M. Corey on PubMed
Experimental Neurology. Nov, 2003 | Pubmed ID: 14597331
Extracellular matrix (ECM) proteins and cell-cell adhesion molecules (CAM) play important roles in neuronal development and differentiation. In the investigation of these roles, patterned substrates have proven to be a notably useful tool. Photolithographic and microprinting techniques can be used to make patterns of ECMs, CAMs, amino acids, and organofunctional groups for culturing neurons and other cell types. Experiments performed using these substrates have provided unique insights into the roles of cell-substratum adhesion, cell shape, and ECM composition on important cell functions, including survival, migration, neurite outgrowth, and development of polarity. Patterns may also be designed to localize cell bodies and confine their processes to predetermined areas of a substrate. Finally, the behavior of neurons on patterned substrates may prove helpful in the design of scaffoldings and nerve guides tailored for regeneration and repair of the nervous system.
Seminars in Neurology. Nov, 2006 | Pubmed ID: 17048153
Back pain is a frequent complaint seen in neurological practice. In evaluating back pain, neurologists are asked to evaluate patients for radiculopathy, determine whether they may benefit from surgery, and help guide management. Although disc herniation is the most common etiology of compressive radiculopathy, there are many other causes, including genetic disorders. This article is a discussion of genetic disorders that cause or contribute to radiculopathies. These genetic disorders include neurofibromatosis, Paget's disease of bone, and ankylosing spondylitis. Numerous genetic disorders can also lead to deformities of the spine, including spinal muscular atrophy, Friedreich's ataxia, Charcot-Marie-Tooth disease, familial dysautonomia, idiopathic torsional dystonia, Marfan's syndrome, and Ehlers-Danlos syndrome. However, the extent of radiculopathy caused by spine deformities is essentially absent from the literature. Finally, recent investigation into the heritability of disc degeneration and lumbar disc herniation suggests a significant genetic component in the etiology of lumbar disc disease.
Journal of Biomedical Materials Research. Part A. Dec, 2007 | Pubmed ID: 17508416
Nerve injury, a significant cause of disability, may be treated more effectively using nerve guidance channels containing longitudinally aligned fibers. Aligned, electrospun nanofibers direct the neurite growth of immortalized neural stem cells, demonstrating potential for directing regenerating neurites. However, no study of neurite guidance on these fibers has yet been performed with primary neurons. Here, we examined neurites from dorsal root ganglia explants on electrospun poly-L-lactate nanofibers of high, intermediate, and random alignment. On aligned fibers, neurites grew radially outward from the ganglia and turned to follow the fibers upon contact. Neurite guidance was robust, with neurites never leaving the fibers to grow on the surrounding cover slip. To compare the alignment of neurites to that of the nanofiber substrates, Fourier methods were used to quantify the alignment. Neurite alignment, however striking, was inferior to fiber alignment on all but the randomly aligned fibers. Neurites on highly aligned substrates were 20 and 16% longer than neurites on random and intermediate fibers, respectively. Schwann cells on fibers assumed a very narrow morphology compared to those on the surrounding coverslip. The robust neurite guidance demonstrated here is a significant step toward the use of aligned, electrospun nanofibers for nerve regeneration. (c) 2007 Wiley Periodicals, Inc. J Biomed Mater Res, 2007.
The Design of Electrospun PLLA Nanofiber Scaffolds Compatible with Serum-free Growth of Primary Motor and Sensory Neurons
Acta Biomaterialia. Jul, 2008 | Pubmed ID: 18396117
Aligned electrospun nanofibers direct neurite growth and may prove effective for repair throughout the nervous system. Applying nanofiber scaffolds to different nervous system regions will require prior in vitro testing of scaffold designs with specific neuronal and glial cell types. This would be best accomplished using primary neurons in serum-free media; however, such growth on nanofiber substrates has not yet been achieved. Here we report the development of poly(L-lactic acid) (PLLA) nanofiber substrates that support serum-free growth of primary motor and sensory neurons at low plating densities. In our study, we first compared materials used to anchor fibers to glass to keep cells submerged and maintain fiber alignment. We found that poly(lactic-co-glycolic acid) (PLGA) anchors fibers to glass and is less toxic to primary neurons than bandage and glue used in other studies. We then designed a substrate produced by electrospinning PLLA nanofibers directly on cover slips pre-coated with PLGA. This substrate retains fiber alignment even when the fiber bundle detaches from the cover slip and keeps cells in the same focal plane. To see if increasing wettability improves motor neuron survival, some fibers were plasma etched before cell plating. Survival on etched fibers was reduced at the lower plating density. Finally, the alignment of neurons grown on this substrate was equal to nanofiber alignment and surpassed the alignment of neurites from explants tested in a previous study. This substrate should facilitate investigating the behavior of many neuronal types on electrospun fibers in serum-free conditions.
Journal of Biomedical Materials Research. Part A. May, 2010 | Pubmed ID: 19609877
Influencing cell shape using micropatterned substrates affects cell behaviors, such as proliferation and apoptosis. Cell shape may also affect these behaviors in human neuroblastoma (NBL) cancer, but to date, no substrate design has effectively patterned multiple clinically important human NBL lines. In this study, we investigated whether Pluronic F108 was an effective antiadhesive coating for human NBL cells and whether it would localize three NBL lines to adhesive regions of tissue culture plastic or collagen I on substrate patterns. The adhesion and patterning of an S-type line, SH-EP, and two N-type lines, SH-SY5Y and IMR-32, were tested. In adhesion assays, F108 deterred NBL adhesion equally as well as two antiadhesive organofunctional silanes and far better than bovine serum albumin. Patterned stripes of F108 restricted all three human NBL lines to adhesive stripes of tissue culture plastic. We then investigated four schemes of applying collagen and F108 to different regions of a substrate. Contact with collagen obliterates the ability of F108 to deter NBL adhesion, limiting how both materials can be applied to substrates to produce high fidelity NBL patterning. This patterned substrate design should facilitate investigations of the role of cell shape in NBL cell behavior.
Conducting-polymer Nanotubes Improve Electrical Properties, Mechanical Adhesion, Neural Attachment, and Neurite Outgrowth of Neural Electrodes
Small (Weinheim an Der Bergstrasse, Germany). Feb, 2010 | Pubmed ID: 20077424
An in vitro comparison of conducting-polymer nanotubes of poly(3,4-ethylenedioxythiophene) (PEDOT) and poly(pyrrole) (PPy) and to their film counterparts is reported. Impedance, charge-capacity density (CCD), tendency towards delamination, and neurite outgrowth are compared. For the same deposition charge density, PPy films and nanotubes grow relatively faster vertically, while PEDOT films and nanotubes grow more laterally. For the same deposition charge density (1.44 C cm(-2)), PPy nanotubes and PEDOT nanotubes have lower impedance (19.5 +/- 2.1 kOmega for PPy nanotubes and 2.5 +/- 1.4 kOmega for PEDOT nanotubes at 1 kHz) and higher CCD (184 +/- 5.3 mC cm(-2) for PPy nanotubes and 392 +/- 6.2 mC cm(-2) for PEDOT nanotubes) compared to their film counterparts. However, PEDOT nanotubes decrease the impedance of neural-electrode sites by about two orders of magnitude (bare iridium 468.8 +/- 13.3 kOmega at 1 kHz) and increase capacity of charge density by about three orders of magnitude (bare iridium 0.1 +/- 0.5 mC cm(-2)). During cyclic voltammetry measurements, both PPy and PEDOT nanotubes remain adherent on the surface of the silicon dioxide while PPy and PEDOT films delaminate. In experiments of primary neurons with conducting-polymer nanotubes, cultured dorsal root ganglion explants remain more intact and exhibit longer neurites (1400 +/- 95 microm for PPy nanotubes and 2100 +/- 150 microm for PEDOT nanotubes) than their film counterparts. These findings suggest that conducting-polymer nanotubes may improve the long-term function of neural microelectrodes.
Developmental Neurobiology. Jul, 2010 | Pubmed ID: 20213755
Neuritogenesis, neuronal polarity formation, and maturation of axons and dendrites are strongly influenced by both biochemical and topographical extracellular components. The aim of this study was to elucidate the effects of polylactic acid electrospun fiber topography on primary motor neuron development, because regeneration of motor axons is extremely limited in the central nervous system and could potentially benefit from the implementation of a synthetic scaffold to encourage regrowth. In this analysis, we found that both aligned and randomly oriented submicron fibers significantly accelerated the processes of neuritogenesis and polarity formation of individual cultured motor neurons compared to flat polymer films and glass controls, likely due to restricted lamellipodia formation observed on fibers. In contrast, dendritic maturation and soma spreading were inhibited on fiber substrates after 2 days in vitro. This study is the first to examine the effects of electrospun fiber topography on motor neuron neuritogenesis and polarity formation. Aligned nanofibers were shown to affect the directionality and timing of motor neuron development, providing further evidence for the effective use of electrospun scaffolds in neural regeneration applications.
Journal of Neuroscience Methods. Aug, 2011 | Pubmed ID: 21571005
Following plating in vitro, neurons pass through a series of morphological stages as they adhere and mature. These morphological stage transitions can be monitored as a function of time to evaluate the relative health and development of neuronal cultures under different conditions. While morphological development is usually quite obvious to the experienced eye, it can often be difficult to quantify in a meaningful way. Morphology quantification typically relies on manual image measurement and can therefore be tedious, time consuming and prone to human error. Here we report the successful development of an automated process using the commercially available image analysis program MetaMorph(®) to analyze the morphology and quantify the growth of embryonic spinal motor neurons in vitro. Our process relied on the Neurite Outgrowth and Cell Scoring modules included in MetaMorph(®) and on analyzing the exported data with an algorithm written in MATLAB(®). We first adopted a series of stages of motor neuron development in vitro. Neurons were classified into these stages directly from the available output of MetaMorph(®) using the algorithm written in MATLAB(®). We validated the results of the automated analysis against a manual analysis of the same images and found no statistically significant difference between the two methods. When properly configured, automated image analysis with MetaMorph(®) is a rapid and reliable alternative to manual measurement and has the potential to accelerate the research process.