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In JoVE (1)
Other Publications (3)
Articles by Katherine K. Beifuss in JoVE
RNAi Screening to Identify Postembryonic Phenotypes in C. elegans
Katherine K. Beifuss, Tina L. Gumienny
Department of Molecular and Cellular Medicine, Texas A&M University System Health Science Center
We describe a sensitized method to identify postembryonic regulators of protein expression and localization in C. elegans using an RNAi-based genomic screen and an integrated transgene that expresses a functional, fluorescently tagged protein.
Other articles by Katherine K. Beifuss on PubMed
Analysis of the Maize Polyubiquitin-1 Promoter Heat Shock Elements and Generation of Promoter Variants with Modified Expression Characteristics
Transgenic Research. Aug, 2004 | Pubmed ID: 15517990
The maize polyubiquitin-1 (Ubi-1) promoter is one of a few select promoters used to express foreign genes in monocots, such that recombinant proteins can be produced at commercially viable levels. Modifying the activity, specificity and responsiveness of such promoters provides a means to achieve desired levels and patterns of expression of genes encoding target products. Ubi-1 is constitutively expressed but is further induced by heat shock. The promoter contains two overlapping sequences with similarity to defined heat shock elements and we show that these sequences are also present upstream of the Ubi-1 homologue isolated from teosinte. Both the maize and teosinte promoters can mediate a heat shock response in transgenic maize. We have dissected the overlapping maize Ubi-1 promoter heat shock elements and demonstrate that the 3' element is required to mediate a heat shock response. The Ubi-1 promoter is particularly active in tissues consisting of rapidly dividing cells, and within the seed it is strongly biased towards driving expression in the embryo. However, replacement of the heat shock elements with a trimer of a basic domain/leucine zipper factor binding site of a pea lectin promoter shifts the balance in seed expression towards the endosperm. The Ubi-1 variants described here differ in their overall activity in the seed, but they all show potential for driving high levels of heterologous gene expression in maize.
Biochimica Et Biophysica Acta. Sep-Oct, 2007 | Pubmed ID: 17822788
Matrix metalloproteinases (MMPs) are key enzymes that implement degradation of the extracellular matrix during cellular invasion in development, tissue remodeling, and pathogenic disease states. MMP-13 has pivotal roles in the pathogenesis of invasive cancers and arthritis. Here we report the identification of Y-box binding protein-1 (YB-1) as a new repressor of MMP-13 transactivation. YB-1 binds in vitro in DNA affinity chromatography to the activator protein-1 (AP-1) DNA sequence within the MMP-13 promoter. Chromatin immunoprecipitation assays reveal that YB-1 binds in living cells to the MMP-13 gene promoter to a region of the MMP-13 promoter containing the AP-1 site. YB-1 represses tumor promoter-induced MMP-13 promoter transactivation at the AP-1 site. This is the first report demonstrating YB-1 binding in vitro and in living cells to a mammalian AP-1 target gene, and the first report of YB-1 regulation of the MMP-13 promoter.
Nucleolin Binds Specifically to an AP-1 DNA Sequence and Represses AP1-dependent Transactivation of the Matrix Metalloproteinase-13 Gene
Molecular Carcinogenesis. Jan, 2008 | Pubmed ID: 17626252
Transcriptional regulation via activator protein-1 (AP-1) protein binding to AP-1 binding sites within gene promoter regions of AP-1 target genes plays a key role in controlling cellular invasion, proliferation, and oncogenesis, and is important to pathogenesis of arthritis and cardiovascular disease. To identify new proteins that interact with the AP-1 DNA binding site, we performed the DNA affinity chromatography-based Nucleotide Affinity Preincubation Specificity TEst of Recognition (NAPSTER) assay, and discovered a 97 kDa protein that binds in vitro to a minimal AP-1 DNA sequence element. Mass spectrometric fragmentation sequencing determined that p97 is nucleolin. Immunoblotting of DNA affinity-purified material with anti-nucleolin antibodies confirmed this identification. Nucleolin also binds the AP-1 site in gel shift assays. Nucleolin interacts in NAPSTER with the AP-1 site within the promoter sequence of the metalloproteinase-13 gene (MMP-13), and binds in vivo in chromatin immunoprecipitation assays in the vicinity of the AP-1 site in the MMP-13 promoter. Overexpression of nucleolin in human HeLa cervical carcinoma cells significantly represses AP-1 dependent gene transactivation of a minimal AP-1 reporter construct and of an MMP-13 promoter reporter sequence. This is the first report of nucleolin binding and transregulation at the AP-1 site.