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In JoVE (1)
Other Publications (2)
Articles by Katja Trontelj in JoVE
Cell Electrofusion Visualized with Fluorescence Microscopy
Katja Trontelj, Marko Ušaj, Damijan Miklavčič
Faculty of Electrical Engineering, University of Ljubljana
In this video we demonstrate efficient electrofusion of cells in vitro by means of modified adherence method using electroporation and the subsequent detection of fused cells visualization with fluorescence microscopy.
Other articles by Katja Trontelj on PubMed
Optimization of Bulk Cell Electrofusion in Vitro for Production of Human-mouse Heterohybridoma Cells
Bioelectrochemistry (Amsterdam, Netherlands). Nov, 2008 | Pubmed ID: 18667367
Cell electrofusion is a phenomenon that occurs, when cells are in close contact and exposed to short high-voltage electric pulses. The consequence of exposure to pulses is transient and nonselective permeabilization of cell membranes. Cell electrofusion and permeabilization depend on the values of electric field parameters including amplitude, duration and number of electric pulses and direction of the electric field. In our study, we first investigated the influence of the direction of the electric field on cell fusion in two cell lines. In both cell lines, applications of pulses in two directions perpendicular to each other were the most successful. Cell electrofusion was finally used for production of human-mouse heterohybridoma cells with modified Koehler and Milstein hybridoma technology, which was not done previously. The results, obtained by cell electrofusion, are comparable to usually used polyethylene glycol mediated fusion on the same type of cells.
Cell-cell Electrofusion: Optimization of Electric Field Amplitude and Hypotonic Treatment for Mouse Melanoma (B16-F1) and Chinese Hamster Ovary (CHO) Cells
The Journal of Membrane Biology. Jul, 2010 | Pubmed ID: 20628737
Efficient electroporation of cells in physical contact induces cell fusion, and this process is known as electrofusion. It has been shown that appropriate hypotonic treatment of cells before the application of electric pulses can cause a significant increase in electrofusion efficiency. First, the amplitudes of the electric field were determined spectrofluorometrically, where sufficient permeabilization in hypotonic buffer occurred for B16-F1 and CHO cells. In further electrofusion experiments 14 +/- 4% of fused cells for B16-F1 and 6 +/- 1% for CHO was achieved. These electrofusion efficiencies, determined by double staining and fluorescence microcopy, are comparable to those of other published studies. It was also confirmed that successful electroporation does not necessarily guarantee high electrofusion efficiency due to biological factors involved in the electrofusion process. Furthermore, not only the extension of electrofusion but also cell survival depends on the cell line used. Further studies are needed to improve overall cell survival after electroporation in hypotonic buffer, which was significantly reduced, especially for B16-F1 cells. Another contribution of this report is the description of a simple modification of the adherence method for formation of spontaneous cell contact, while cells preserve their spherical shape.