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In JoVE (1)
Other Publications (16)
- Leukemia Research
- Journal of Immunological Methods
- Methods in Molecular Medicine
- British Journal of Haematology
- Methods in Molecular Biology (Clifton, N.J.)
- Leukemia Research
- FEBS Letters
- Journal of Immunological Methods
- Journal of Immunological Methods
- International Journal of Molecular Sciences
- International Journal of Proteomics
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Articles by Larissa Belov in JoVE
Kolorektal Kanser Hücre Yüzey Protein Profil Antikor Mikroarray ve Floresans Multiplexing
Jerry Zhou1, Larissa Belov1, Michael J. Solomon2, Charles Chan3, Stephen J. Clarke4, Richard I. Christopherson1
1School of Molecular Bioscience, University of Sydney, 2Department of Surgery, Royal Prince Alfred Hospital, 3Department of Anatomical Pathology, Department of Anatomical Pathology, 4Department of Medicine, Concord Repatriation General Hospital
Kolorektal kanser (CRC) uygulanabilir tek bir hücre üretmek için, daha sonra yüzey antijenleri (DotScan ÇHS mikroarray) tanıyan özelleştirilmiş antikor mikrodizinlerinde yakalanır ayrıştırılmasıyla için bir prosedür nitelendirdi. Mikroarray bağlı hücrelerin alt popülasyonlarda floresan boya ile monoklonal antikorlar kullanılarak floresans çoklama profilli olabilir.
Other articles by Larissa Belov on PubMed
Proteomics. Nov, 2003 | Pubmed ID: 14595814
We have previously described a microarray of cluster of differentiation (CD) antibodies that enables concurrent determination of more than 60 CD antigens on leukocytes. This procedure does not require protein purification or labeling, or a secondary detection system. Whole cells are captured by a microarray of 10 nL antibody dots immobilized on a nitrocellulose film on a microscope slide. Distinct patterns of cell binding are observed for different leukemias or lymphomas. These haematological malignancies arise from precursor cells of T- or B-lymphocytic, or myeloid lineages of hematopoiesis. The dot patterns obtained from patients are distinct from those of peripheral blood leukocytes from normal subjects. This microarray technology has recently undergone a number of refinements. The microarray now contains more CD antibodies, and a scanner for imaging dot patterns and software for data analysis provide an extensive immunophenotype sufficient for diagnosis of common leukemias. The technology is being evaluated for diagnosis of leukemias with parallel use of conventional diagnostic criteria.
Blood. Aug, 2005 | Pubmed ID: 15827132
Cluster of differentiation (CD) antigens are expressed on cells of myeloid and lymphoid lineages. As most disease processes involve immune system activation or suppression, these antigens offer unique opportunities for monitoring host responses. Immunophenotyping using limited numbers of CD antigens enables differentiation states of immune system cells to be determined. Extended phenotyping involving parallel measurement of multiple CD antigens may help identify expression pattern signatures associated with specific disease states. To explore this possibility we have made a CD monoclonal antibody array and scanner, enabling the parallel immunophenotyping of leukocyte cell suspensions in a single and rapid analysis. To demonstrate this approach, we used the specific example of patients infected with human immunodeficiency virus type-1 (HIV-1). An invariant HIV-induced CD antigen signature has been defined that is both robust and independent of clinical outcome, composed of a unique profile of CD antigen expression levels that are both increased and decreased relative to internal controls. The results indicate that HIV-induced changes in CD antigen expression are disease specific and independent of outcome. Their invariant nature indicates an irreversible component to retroviral infection and suggests the utility of CD antigen expression patterns in other disease settings.
Immunophenotypic Changes Induced on Human HL60 Leukaemia Cells by 1alpha,25-dihydroxyvitamin D3 and 12-O-tetradecanoyl Phorbol-13-acetate
Leukemia Research. Oct, 2005 | Pubmed ID: 16111532
1alpha,25-Dihydroxyvitamin D3 (1,25D3) induces HL60 cells to acquire a monocyte-like phenotype, while cells treated with 12-O-tetradecanoyl phorbol-13-acetate (TPA) resemble macrophages. Using a microarray of 82 CD antibodies, 24 cluster of differentiation (CD) antigens were detected on HL60 cells. 1,25D3 induced the following antigens in decreasing order of the change: CD14, CD11c, CD11b, CD54, CD86, CD38 and CD66c, with repression of CD117, CD71, CD95, CD45 and CD64. TPA induced the following antigens in decreasing order of the change: CD11c, CD9, CD11b, CD54, CD38, CD45RO and CD66c, with repression of CD4, CD117, CD95, CD71 and CD64. The results presented provide a basis for monitoring differentiation therapy of myeloid leukaemias in patients.
Screening Microarrays of Novel Monoclonal Antibodies for Binding to T-, B- and Myeloid Leukaemia Cells
Journal of Immunological Methods. Oct, 2005 | Pubmed ID: 16125720
We have developed a microarray (DotScan) that enables rapid immunophenotyping and classification of leukaemias and lymphomas by measuring the capture of cells by immobilized dots of 82 CD antibodies [Belov, L., de la Vega, O., dos Remedios, C.G., Mulligan, S.P., 2001. Immunophenotyping of leukemia using a cluster of differentiation antibody microarray. Cancer Res. 61, 4483; Belov, L., Huang, P., Barber, N., Mulligan, S.P., Christopherson, R.I., 2003. Identification of repertoires of surface antigens on leukemias using an antibody microarray. Proteomics 3, 2147]. The DotScan technology has been used to investigate the properties of 498 new antibodies submitted to the HLDA8 Workshop. These antibodies have been applied as 10 nl dots to a film of nitrocellulose on a microscope slide to make an HLDA8 microarray. After blocking the remaining nitrocellulose surface, individual arrays were incubated with each of 7 cell types from a human leukaemia cell panel consisting of three cell lines, CCRF-CEM (a T-cell acute lymphocytic leukaemia), MEC-1 (derived from B-cell chronic lymphocytic leukaemia) and HL-60 (a promyelocytic leukaemia), and four leukaemias from patients: a T-cell prolymphocytic leukaemia, a B-cell chronic lymphocytic leukaemia, and two acute myeloid leukaemias. Leukaemia cells were captured by those immobilized antibodies for which they expressed the corresponding surface molecule. Unbound cells were gently washed off, bound cells were fixed to the arrays and dot patterns were recorded using a DotScan array reader and quantified using DotScan data analysis software. The data obtained show the unique expression profiles of the 7 cell types in the leukaemia cell panel obtained with the DotScan microarray, and the differential capture patterns for these 7 cell types screened against the 498 antibodies in the HLDA8 microarray constructed for this study.
Proteomics. Mar, 2006 | Pubmed ID: 16485257
A technique of fluorescence multiplexing is described for analysis of the plasma membrane proteome of colorectal cancer cells from surgically resected specimens, enabling detection and immunophenotyping when the cancer cells are in the minority. A single-cell suspension was prepared from a colorectal tumour, and the mixed population of cells was captured on a CD antibody microarray. The cancer cells were detected using a fluorescently tagged antibody for carcinoembryonic antigen (CEA-Alexa647) or epithelial cell adhesion marker (EpCAM-Alexa488). Using this multiplexing procedure, dot patterns from colorectal cancers were distinct from those of adjacent normal tissue. Subtraction of the expression levels for each antigen from normal tissue from those for the cancer shows differential expression in the cancer of CD66c, CD15s, CD55, CD45, CD71, CD45RO, CD11b and CEA, in descending order. Cells captured on the same microarray were also labelled with fluorescent CD3-phycoerythrin antibody revealing the presence of tumour-infiltrating lymphocytes. The immunophenotypes of T lymphocytes from the tumour samples showed differential expression of HLA-DR, TCR alpha/beta, CD49d, CD52, CD49e, CD5, CD95, CD28, CD38 and CD71, in descending order. Fluorescence multiplexing of mixed cell populations captured on a single antibody microarray enables expression profiling of multiple sub-populations of cells within a tumour sample.
Methods in Molecular Medicine. 2006 | Pubmed ID: 16502589
A cluster of differentiation (CD) antibody microarray called the DotScan microarray has been developed that enables an extensive immunophenotype to be obtained for a suspension of leukocytes in a single analysis. For a leukemia with a leukemia count of greater than 10 x 10(9)/L, the immunophenotype obtained is essentially that of the leukemic clone. The antibody microarray is printed as microscopic (10 nL) dots on a nitrocellulose film on a microscope slide. Cells are captured by the immobilized antibodies and a dot pattern is recorded with an optical array reader giving the immunophenotype of the leukemia. Procedures are being developed that should enable diagnosis of myeloid leukemias by comparison of the dot pattern obtained from an unknown blood sample with a library of consensus patterns for the common leukemias.
Analysis of Human Leukaemias and Lymphomas Using Extensive Immunophenotypes from an Antibody Microarray
British Journal of Haematology. Oct, 2006 | Pubmed ID: 16939496
A novel antibody microarray has been developed that provides an extensive immunophenotype of leukaemia cells. The assay is a solid phase cell-capture technique in which 82 antigens are studied simultaneously. This paper presents the analysis of 733 patients with a variety of leukaemias and lymphomas from peripheral blood and bone marrow. Discriminant Function Analysis of the expression profiles from these 733 patients and 63 normal subjects were clustered and showed high levels of consistency with diagnoses obtained using conventional clinical and laboratory criteria. The overall levels of consensus for classification using the microarray compared with established criteria were 93.9% (495/527 patients) for peripheral blood and 97.6% (201/206 patients) for bone marrow aspirates, showing that the extensive phenotype alone was frequently able to classify the disease when the leukaemic clone was the dominant cell population present. Immunophenotypes for neoplastic cells were distinguishable from normal cells when the leukaemic cell count was at least 5 x 10(9) cells/l in peripheral blood, or 20% of cells obtained from bone marrow aspirates. This technique may be a useful adjunct to flow cytometry and other methods when an extensive phenotype of the leukaemia cell is desired for clinical trials, research and prognostic factor analysis.
Antibody Microarray Analysis of Cell Surface Antigens on CD4+ and CD8+ T Cells from HIV+ Individuals Correlates with Disease Stages
Retrovirology. 2007 | Pubmed ID: 18036256
Expression levels of cell surface antigens such as CD38 and HLA-DR are related to HIV disease stages. To date, the immunophenotyping of cell surface antigens relies on flow cytometry, allowing estimation of 3-6 markers at a time. The recently described DotScan antibody microarray technology enables the simultaneous analysis of a large number of cell surface antigens. This new technology provides new opportunities to identify novel differential markers expressed or co-expressed on CD4+ and CD8+ T cells, which could aid in defining the stage of evolution of HIV infection and the immune status of the patient.
Longitudinal Microarray Analysis of Cell Surface Antigens on Peripheral Blood Mononuclear Cells from HIV+ Individuals on Highly Active Antiretroviral Therapy
Retrovirology. 2008 | Pubmed ID: 18315888
The efficacy of highly active antiretroviral therapy (HAART) determined by simultaneous monitoring over 100 cell-surface antigens overtime has not been attempted. We used an antibody microarray to analyze changes in the expression of 135 different cell-surface antigens overtime on PBMC from HIV+ patients on HAART. Two groups were chosen, one (n = 6) achieved sustainable response by maintaining below detectable plasma viremia and the other (n = 6) responded intermittently. Blood samples were collected over an average of 3 years and 5-8 time points were selected for microarray assay and statistical analysis.
The Applicability of a Cluster of Differentiation Monoclonal Antibody Microarray to the Diagnosis of Human Disease
Methods in Molecular Biology (Clifton, N.J.). 2008 | Pubmed ID: 18370105
Recent advances in antibody microarray technology have facilitated the development of multiplexed diagnostic platforms. Highly parallel antigen expression data obtained from these arrays allow disease states to be characterized using protein patterns rather than individual protein markers. The development of an antibody microarray platform of general applicability requires careful consideration of the array content. The human cluster of differentiation (CD) antigens constitute a promising candidate set, being united by their common expression at the leukocyte cell surface and the fact that the majority perform critical functions in the human immune response. The diagnostic potential of a microarray, containing 82 cluster of differentiation monoclonal antibodies (DotScan microarrays) has been demonstrated for a variety of infectious and neoplastic disease states, including HIV, many acute and chronic leukemias, and colorectal cancer. It is likely that these microarrays will have more general utility that extends to other pathological categories, including autoimmune, metabolic, and degenerative diseases.
All-trans Retinoic Acid Induces Different Immunophenotypic Changes on Human HL60 and NB4 Myeloid Leukaemias
Leukemia Research. Feb, 2008 | Pubmed ID: 17561254
All-trans retinoic acid (ATRA) is used to treat patients with acute promyelocytic leukaemia (APL), inducing APL cells to differentiate into abnormal neutrophils. To investigate the possible relationship between the chromosome translocation t(15;17) found in APL and ATRA treatment, the human myeloid leukaemia cell lines HL60 and NB4, that are PML-RARalpha negative and positive, respectively, were treated with ATRA and immunophenotyped using a CD antibody microarray. For HL60 cells, ATRA induced major increases in descending order of CD38, CD11b, CD45RO, CD11c, CD54 and CD36 with repression of CD117 and CD44. For NB4 cells, ATRA induced major increases in descending order of CD11c, CD54, CD11a, CD11b, CD53, CD65, CD138, CD66c and T-cell receptor alpha/beta (TCRalpha/beta), with repression of CD38 and CD9. The induction of a number of these CD antigens is consistent with the known differentiation of these leukaemias to abnormal neutrophils. Approximately half of the antigens up-regulated by ATRA on NB4 cells were adhesion molecules, including CD11a, CD11b, CD11c, CD54, CD66c and CD138, consistent with the increased adhesiveness of leukaemia cells observed for APL patients treated with ATRA. On HL60 cells, ATRA induced expression of CD38, CD43 and CD45RO and repressed CD117, while the converse was true on NB4 cells that contain chimeric PML-RARalpha. For NB4 cells, ATRA induced some remarkable increases in CD antigens not seen for HL60: CD14 (16.6-fold), CD32 (27.8), CD53 (20.5), CD65 (139), CD66c (79.7), CD126 (15.1), and CD138 (57.6). The expression of these antigens may be regulated by PML-RARalpha in the presence of ATRA. Such CD antigens could be targets for synergistic treatment of APL with therapeutic antibodies following ATRA treatment.
FEBS Letters. Jun, 2009 | Pubmed ID: 19298816
Cluster of differentiation (CD) antigens are defined when a surface molecule found on some members of a standard panel of human cells reacts with at least one novel antibody, and there is good accompanying molecular data. Monoclonal antibodies to surface CD antigens on leukocytes have been used for flow cytometry, and more recently to construct microarrays that capture live cells. These DotScan microarrays enable the rapid and highly parallel characterization of repertoires of CD antigens whose expression patterns may be correlated with discrete leukaemia subtypes, or used to define biomarker 'signatures' for non-hematological diseases. DotScan with fluorescence multiplexing enables profiling of CD antigens for minor subsets of cells, such as colorectal cancer cells and tumour-infiltrating lymphocytes from a surgical sample.
Surface Antigen Profiling of Colorectal Cancer Using Antibody Microarrays with Fluorescence Multiplexing
Journal of Immunological Methods. Apr, 2010 | Pubmed ID: 20156443
A procedure is described for the disaggregation of colorectal cancers (CRC) and normal intestinal mucosal tissues to produce suspensions of viable single cells, which are then captured on customized antibody microarrays recognising 122 different surface antigens (DotScan CRC microarray). Cell binding patterns recorded by optical scanning of microarrays provide a surface profile of antigens on the cells. Sub-populations of cells bound on the microarray can be profiled by fluorescence multiplexing using monoclonal antibodies tagged with Quantum Dots or other fluorescent dyes. Surface profiles are presented for 6 CRC cell lines (T84, LIM1215, SW480, HT29, CaCo and SW620) and surgical samples from 40 CRC patients. Statistical analysis revealed significant differences between profiles for CRC samples and mucosal controls. Hierarchical clustering of CRC data identified several disease clusters that showed some correlation with clinico-pathological stage as determined by conventional histopathological analysis. Fluorescence multiplexing using Phycoerythrin- or Alexa Fluor 647-conjugated antibodies was more effective than multiplexing with antibodies labelled with Quantum Dots. This relatively simple method yields a large amount of information for each patient sample and, with further application, should provide disease signatures and enable the identification of patients with good or poor prognosis.
Journal of Immunological Methods. Jun, 2010 | Pubmed ID: 20363224
An antibody microarray was developed for profiling the surface proteome of melanoma cells, which may facilitate melanoma sub-classification and provide important prognostic information useful in predicting the clinical behavior of the melanoma (e.g., likely sites of metastatic spread), patient outcome and treatment response. Forty-eight antibodies were selected based on their correlation with melanoma development, progression and/or prognosis and printed on nitrocellulose slides. The immobilised antibodies capture live cells expressing corresponding antigens to produce a cell binding dot pattern representing the surface antigen profile (immunophenotype) of the melanoma. Surface antigen signatures were determined for a normal melanocyte and 6 melanoma cell lines and cell suspensions prepared from 10 surgically excised melanoma lymph node metastases. A procedure for obtaining separate surface antigen profiles for melanoma cells and leukocytes from clinical lymph node samples was also developed using anti-CD45 magnetic beads. The capture of live, bead-bound leukocytes on these antibody microarrays provides a significant enhancement of this microarray technology. The antibody microarray will be used to profile panels of surgically excised melanoma lymph node metastases (melanoma and leukocyte fractions) to determine whether the immunophenotypes correlate with clinicopathological characteristics, disease progression and clinical outcome.
International Journal of Molecular Sciences. 2010 | Pubmed ID: 21339979
The classification of colorectal cancers (CRC) is currently based largely on histologically determined tumour characteristics, such as differentiation status and tumour stage, i.e., depth of tumour invasion, involvement of regional lymph nodes and the occurrence of metastatic spread to other organs. These are the conventional prognostic factors for patient survival and often determine the requirement for adjuvant therapy after surgical resection of the primary tumour. However, patients with the same CRC stage can have very different disease-related outcomes. For some, surgical removal of early-stage tumours leads to full recovery, while for others, disease recurrence and metastasis may occur regardless of adjuvant therapy. It is therefore important to understand the molecular processes that lead to disease progression and metastasis and to find more reliable prognostic markers and novel targets for therapy. This review focuses on cell surface proteins that correlate with tumour progression, metastasis and patient outcome, and discusses some of the challenges in finding prognostic protein markers in CRC.
Cladribine and Fludarabine Nucleoside Change the Levels of CD Antigens on B-Lymphoproliferative Disorders
International Journal of Proteomics. 2010 | Pubmed ID: 22084681
The purine analogs, fludarabine nucleoside (FdA), and cladribine (CdA) (1 μM, 24 hours), significantly changed the levels of some surface antigens on the human B-cell lines MEC2 and Raji. Changes in the surface proteins were identified using a Cluster of Differentiation (CD) antibody microarray that captures live cells and confirmed by flow cytometry. For Raji cells, CdA up-regulated CD10, CD54, CD80, and CD86, with repression of CD22, while FdA up-regulated CD20, CD54, CD80, CD86 and CD95. For MEC2 cells, CdA up-regulated CD11a, CD20, CD43, CD45, CD52, CD54, CD62L, CD80, CD86, and CD95, but FdA had no effect. Up-regulation of particular CD antigens induced on a B-cell lymphoproliferative disorder by a purine analog could provide targets for therapeutic antibodies with synergistic cell killing.