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In JoVE (1)
Other Publications (3)
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Articles by Laura E. Dickinson in JoVE
Micropatterned सतहों Hyaluronic एसिड कैंसर कोशिकाओं के साथ संबंधों का अध्ययन करने के लिए
Laura E. Dickinson, Sharon Gerecht
Department of Chemical and Biomolecular Engineering, Johns Hopkins Physical Sciences Oncology Center and Institute for NanoBioTechnology, Johns Hopkins University
एक उपन्यास दृष्टिकोण है कि exogenous hyaluronic एसिड (हेक्टेयर) के साथ कैंसर कोशिका बातचीत के उच्च संकल्प विश्लेषण की अनुमति देता है वर्णित है. नमूनों सतहों carbodiimide रसायन शास्त्र और microcontact मुद्रण के संयोजन के द्वारा गढ़े हैं.
Other articles by Laura E. Dickinson on PubMed
Functional Surfaces for High-resolution Analysis of Cancer Cell Interactions on Exogenous Hyaluronic Acid
Biomaterials. Jul, 2010 | Pubmed ID: 20398926
Hyaluronic acid, a nonsulfated, linear glycosaminoglycan, is ubiquitously distributed in the extracellular matrix and is known to facilitate tumor progression by enhancing invasion, growth, and angiogenesis. Native HA has been attached to substrates to create patterned surfaces resistant to cell adhesion, and has been utilized in a variety of cell adhesion studies using either non covalently bound layers patterned by soft lithography or related methods. We use a new approach to study cell interactions with HA-presenting regions, by covalently linking HA adjacent to PEG-ylated regions, which resist cell adhesion. Colon and breast cancer cells seeded on the patterned HA surfaces adhere preferentially on HA-presenting regions and proliferate there. Furthermore, we demonstrate that cell adhesion is inhibited with the blocking of HA receptor, CD44, and that cellular adhesive processes, through protrusions spreading onto the HA surface, enhance spreading and movement outside the HA-presenting regions. Overall, this approach allows high-resolution analysis of cancer cell attachment, growth, and migration on exogenous native HA.
Macromolecular Bioscience. Jan, 2011 | Pubmed ID: 20967797
The biochemical cues and topographical architecture of the extracellular environment extensively influence ES cell fate. The microenvironment surrounding the developing embryo presents these instructive cues in a complex and interactive manner in order to guide cell fate decisions. Current stem cell research aims to reconstruct this multifaceted embryonic niche to recapitulate development in vitro. This review focuses on 2D and 3D differentiation niches created from natural and synthetic biomaterials to guide the differentiation of ES cells toward specific lineages. Biomaterials engineered to present specific physical constraints are also reviewed for their role in differentiation.
Dextran Hydrogel Scaffolds Enhance Angiogenic Responses and Promote Complete Skin Regeneration During Burn Wound Healing
Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America. Dec, 2011 | Pubmed ID: 22171002
Neovascularization is a critical determinant of wound-healing outcomes for deep burn injuries. We hypothesize that dextran-based hydrogels can serve as instructive scaffolds to promote neovascularization and skin regeneration in third-degree burn wounds. Dextran hydrogels are soft and pliable, offering opportunities to improve the management of burn wound treatment. We first developed a procedure to treat burn wounds on mice with dextran hydrogels. In this procedure, we followed clinical practice of wound excision to remove full-thickness burned skin, and then covered the wound with the dextran hydrogel and a dressing layer. Our procedure allows the hydrogel to remain intact and securely in place during the entire healing period, thus offering opportunities to simplify the management of burn wound treatment. A 3-week comparative study indicated that dextran hydrogel promoted dermal regeneration with complete skin appendages. The hydrogel scaffold facilitated early inflammatory cell infiltration that led to its rapid degradation, promoting the infiltration of angiogenic cells into the healing wounds. Endothelial cells homed into the hydrogel scaffolds to enable neovascularization by day 7, resulting in an increased blood flow significantly greater than treated and untreated controls. By day 21, burn wounds treated with hydrogel developed a mature epithelial structure with hair follicles and sebaceous glands. After 5 weeks of treatment, the hydrogel scaffolds promoted new hair growth and epidermal morphology and thickness similar to normal mouse skin. Collectively, our evidence shows that customized dextran-based hydrogel alone, with no additional growth factors, cytokines, or cells, promoted remarkable neovascularization and skin regeneration and may lead to novel treatments for dermal wounds.