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In JoVE (1)
Other Publications (4)
Articles by Lipi Singh in JoVE
A Quantitative Assay for Insulin-expressing Colony-forming Progenitors
Michael Winkler1, Nancy Trieu2, Tao Feng2, Liang Jin2, Stephanie Walker2, Lipi Singh2, Hsun Teresa Ku2,3
1Department of Biotechnology & Bioinformatics, California State University Channel Islands, 2Department of Diabetes, Endocrinology and Metabolism, Beckman Research Institute of City of Hope, 3The Irell & Manella Graduate School of Biological Sciences, Beckman Research Institute of City of Hope
A three-dimensional clonogenic assay that allows pancreatic-like progenitors to differentiate into insulin-expressing colonies is described. This method takes advantage of semi-solid media containing methylcellulose, Matrigel and growth factors, in which single progenitors proliferate and differentiate in vitro, permitting quantification of the number of functional progenitors in a population.
Other articles by Lipi Singh on PubMed
Digestive Diseases and Sciences. Sep, 2008 | Pubmed ID: 18246427
The acinar cell culture plays a very important role in research of pancreatic pathophysiology. The aim of this study was to establish a long-term culture of human (foetal) pancreatic acinar cells in standardized nutrient media with supplements. Acinar cells were prepared from pancreatic tissues obtained from aborted foetus (> or =35 weeks) with no prior pancreatic complications by collagenase digestion and cultured using different media and supplements. The purity and phenotype of acinar cells was confirmed by various staining techniques and FACS. The acinar cell proliferation was determined at different time intervals by Bromo-deoxyuridine (BrdU) incorporation, and metabolic enzyme activity was analysed. The acini could be cultured and maintained in Ham's F-12 K/M199 media in the presence of 5% BSA, 0.1 mg/ml STI, 10 ng/ml EGF, and 10% FCS with the same morphological appearance as that of freshly prepared for 12 days with maximum viability of 80-85% and formation of monolayer without extracellular matrix. A significant BrdU incorporation of acinar cells in primary culture was observed which was maximum (105%) at day four. Higher amylase and lipase activity was seen in freshly isolated acinar cells which decreased with time of the culture. The established human pancreatic acinar cell culture may act as an excellent model to study exocrine dysfunction or pancreatitis in response to acinar cell injury.
Journal of Gastroenterology. 2008 | Pubmed ID: 18600392
The mechanism of acinar cell death in human chronic pancreatitis (CP) remains largely unexplored. Previous studies have demonstrated the role played by apoptosis and necrosis in experimental pancreatitis; however, their relationship with the progression of CP remains unknown. The present study was carried out to elucidate the role and extent of apoptosis in CP tissues with different histopathological scores and to examine the possible apoptotic pathway involved.
International Journal of Experimental Pathology. Jun, 2010 | Pubmed ID: 20041963
Chemokines have been known to play a critical role in pathogenesis of chronic pancreatitis and acinar cell death. However, the role played by one of the CXC chemokines: CXCL10 in regulation of acinar cell death has remained unexplored. Hence, this study was designed to assess the role of CXCL10 promoting apoptosis in ex vivo cultured acinar cells. Primary human pancreatic acinar cell cultures were established and exposed to varying doses of CXCL10 for different time intervals. Apoptotic induction was evaluated by both qualitative as well as quantitative analyses. Various mediators of apoptosis were also studied by Western blotting, membrane potential (Psim) and ATP depletion in acinar cells. Analysis of apoptosis via DNA ladder and cell death detection - ELISA demonstrated that CXCL10 induced 3.9-fold apoptosis when administrated at an optimal dose of 0.1 mug of recombinant CXCL10 for 8 h. Quantitative analysis using FACS and dual staining by PI-annexin showed increased apoptosis (48.98 and 53.78% respectively). The involvement of upstream apoptotic regulators like pJNK, p38 and Bax was established on the basis of their increased expression of CXCL10. The change of Psim by 50% was observed in the presence of CXCL10 in treated acinar cells along with enhanced expression of Cytochrome C, apaf-1 and caspase 9/3 activation. In addition, ATP depletion was also noticed in CXCL10 stimulated acinar cells. CXCL10 induces cell death in human cultured pancreatic cells leading to apoptosis and DNA fragmentation via CXCR3 signalling. These signalling mechanisms may play an important role in parenchymal cell loss and injury in pancreatitis.
Characterization of an in Vitro Differentiation Assay for Pancreatic-like Cell Development from Murine Embryonic Stem Cells: Detailed Gene Expression Analysis
Assay and Drug Development Technologies. Aug, 2011 | Pubmed ID: 21395400
Embryonic stem (ES) cell technology may serve as a platform for the discovery of drugs to treat diseases such as diabetes. However, because of difficulties in establishing reliable ES cell differentiation methods and in creating cost-effective plating conditions for the high-throughput format, screening for molecules that regulate pancreatic beta cells and their immediate progenitors has been limited. A relatively simple and inexpensive differentiation protocol that allows efficient generation of insulin-expressing cells from murine ES cells was previously established in our laboratories. In this report, this system is characterized in greater detail to map developmental cell stages for future screening experiments. Our results show that sequential activation of multiple gene markers for undifferentiated ES cells, epiblast, definitive endoderm, foregut, and pancreatic lineages was found to follow the sequence of events that mimics pancreatic ontogeny. Cells that expressed enhanced green fluorescent protein, driven by pancreatic and duodenal homeobox 1 or insulin 1 promoter, correctly expressed known beta cell lineage markers. Overexpression of Sox17, an endoderm fate-determining transcription factor, at a very early stage of differentiation (days 2-3) enhanced pancreatic gene expression. Overexpression of neurogenin3, an endocrine progenitor cell marker, induced glucagon expression at stages when pancreatic and duodenal homeobox 1 message was present (days 10-16). Forced expression (between days 16 and 25) of MafA, a pancreatic maturation factor, resulted in enhanced expression of insulin genes, glucose transporter 2 and glucokinase, and glucose-responsive insulin secretion. Day 20 cells implanted in vivo resulted in pancreatic-like cells. Together, our differentiation assay recapitulates the proceedings and behaviors of pancreatic development and will be valuable for future screening of beta cell effectors.