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In JoVE (1)
Other Publications (2)
Articles by Lisa Y. Flint in JoVE
An Experimental Paradigm for the Prediction of Post-Operative Pain (PPOP)
Ruth Landau, John C. Kraft, Lisa Y. Flint, Brendan Carvalho, Philippe Richebé, Monica Cardoso, Patricia Lavand'homme, Michal Granot, David Yarnitsky, Alex Cahana
Department of Anesthesiology and Pain Medicine, University of Washington School of Medicine
Diffuse noxious inhibitory control, temporal summation and wound hyperalgesia testing are demonstrated in the obstetric patient. These tests evaluate inhibitory and excitatory mechanisms of pain processing and are here utilized to evaluate endogenous analgesia at different time-points during pregnancy and the peripartum period to help reveal individual s risk for persistent pain.
Other articles by Lisa Y. Flint on PubMed
Blood. Sep, 2003 | Pubmed ID: 12750178
Cyclic neutropenia is a rare disease that occurs both in humans and gray collie dogs and is characterized by recurrent severe neutropenia leading to bacterial infections and shortened life expectancy. Daily injections of recombinant granulocyte colony-stimulating factor (rG-CSF) are effective in shortening the period of severe neutropenia and reducing infections. After demonstrating that rG-CSF induced elevated neutrophil production in an affected dog, cytokine administration was stopped and 109 infectious units (IUs) of a lentivirus pseudotyped with vesicular stomatitis virus G protein (VSV-G) encoding canine G-CSF cDNA was administered intramuscularly. Serial blood cell counts showed elevated neutrophil production for longer than 17 months. Although neutrophil counts continued to cycle, the range at nadirs was from 3710 to 5300 cells/microL, well above the nadirs before lentivirus administration. After the injection of lentivirus, mean neutrophil counts +/- SD were 12 460 +/- 4240 cells/microL, significantly increased over both pretreatment values of 3040 +/- 2540 cells/microL(P <.0001) and neutrophil counts during G-CSF administration of 10 290 +/- 4860 cells/microL(P <.007). The changes in blood counts from lentivirus injection were associated with absence of clinical signs of infection and fever. The gray collie continued to gain weight and was no longer housed in a pathogen-free environment. Genomic DNA from muscle at injection sites was positive for provirus, whereas gonad, lung, spleen, heart, liver, kidney, leukocytes, and noninjected muscle samples were all negative for provirus. Thus, intramuscular administration of lentivirus encoding G-CSF provided sustained therapeutic levels of neutrophils, suggesting this approach may be applied for long-term treatment of patients with cyclic and other neutropenias.
Human Gene Therapy. Nov, 2003 | Pubmed ID: 14633401
Recombinant erythropoietin (EPO) is widely administered for long-term treatment of anemia associated with renal failure and other chronic diseases. The ability to deliver EPO by gene therapy would have clinical and economic benefit. We compared autologous and allogeneic transduced primary vascular smooth muscle cells for their ability to provide sustained EPO gene expression when encapsulated in TheraCyte devices implanted subcutaneously (SQ) or intraperitoneally (IP) in rats. Cells were transduced with retrovirus vector LrEpSN encoding rat EPO cDNA. Rats that received either autologous or allogeneic transduced cells showed elevated hematocrits (HCTs) ranging from 50 to 79% that were sustained for more than 12 months. The HCT of control rats remained at baseline (45.8%). Rats that received second SQ implants of either autologous or allogeneic cells showed elevations in hematocrit that were sustained for up to 12 months, suggesting the absence of immunological responses to transduced cells or implant material. All experimental groups had statistically significant elevated HCT (p < 0.001) when compared with controls. Both SQ and IP implantation were equally effective in delivering EPO long term. There were no significant differences in white blood cell (WBC) or platelet (PLT) values between treated and control animals. Implantation of TheraCyte devices was well tolerated and histological evaluation of the devices up to 12 months after surgery revealed a high degree of vascularization and no evidence of host immune response. TheraCyte devices offer a simple and safe gene delivery system that provides sustained therapeutic gene expression, permit removal and implantation of new devices, and do not require immunosuppression of the host.