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In JoVE (1)
- Não-cirúrgico instilação endotraqueal de camundongos com Análise de Pulmões e Drenagem Linfática Nodes Lung por citometria de fluxo
Other Publications (2)
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Articles by Manira Rayamajhi in JoVE
Não-cirúrgico instilação endotraqueal de camundongos com Análise de Pulmões e Drenagem Linfática Nodes Lung por citometria de fluxo
Manira Rayamajhi1, Elizabeth F. Redente2, Tracy V. Condon1, Mercedes Gonzalez-Juarrero3, David W.H. Riches1,2,4, Laurel L. Lenz1,4
1Department of Immunology, University of Colorado School of Medicine, 2Division of Cell Biology, Department of Pediatrics, National Jewish Health, 3Department of Microbiology, Immunology, and Pathology, Colorado State University, 4Department of Immunology, National Jewish Health
Nós ilustramos não-cirúrgico de entrega de materiais de teste para os pulmões de ratos anestesiados através da traquéia. Este método permite a exposição de pulmão a patógenos virais e bacterianas, citocinas, anticorpos, miçangas, químicos ou corantes. Iremos descrever colheita e processamento dos pulmões e dos gânglios linfáticos de drenagem de pulmão (LDLNs) para citometria de fluxo.
Other articles by Manira Rayamajhi on PubMed
Induction of IFN-alphabeta Enables Listeria Monocytogenes to Suppress Macrophage Activation by IFN-gamma
The Journal of Experimental Medicine. Feb, 2010 | Pubmed ID: 20123961
Production of type I interferon (IFN; IFN-alphabeta) increases host susceptibility to Listeria monocytogenes, whereas type II IFN (IFN-gamma) activates macrophages to resist infection. We show that these opposing immunological effects of IFN-alphabeta and IFN-gamma occur because of cross talk between the respective signaling pathways. We found that cultured macrophages infected with L. monocytogenes were refractory to IFN-gamma treatment as a result of down-regulation of the IFN-gamma receptor (IFNGR). The soluble factor responsible for these effects was identified as host IFN-alphabeta. Accordingly, macrophages and dendritic cells (DCs) showed reduced IFNGR1 expression and reduced responsiveness to IFN-gamma during systemic infection of IFN-alphabeta-responsive mice. Furthermore, the increased resistance of mice lacking the IFN-alphabeta receptor (IFNAR(-/-)) to L. monocytogenes correlated with increased expression of IFN-gamma-dependent activation markers by macrophages and DCs and was reversed by depletion of IFN-gamma. Thus, IFN-alphabeta produced in response to bacterial infection and other stimuli antagonizes the host response to IFN-gamma by down-regulating the IFNGR. Such cross talk permits prioritization of IFN-alphabeta-type immune responses and may contribute to the beneficial effects of IFN-beta in treatment of inflammatory diseases such as multiple sclerosis.
Antagonistic Crosstalk Between Type I and II Interferons and Increased Host Susceptibility to Bacterial Infections
Virulence. Sep-Oct, 2010 | Pubmed ID: 21178482
Type I and II interferons (IFNs αβ and γ) have opposing effects on immune resistance to certain pathogenic bacteria. While IFNγ generally plays a protective role, IFNαβ exacerbates Listeria monocytogenes and Mycobacterium tuberculosis infections. Our findings provided evidence that this increased susceptibility reflects a novel antagonistic cross talk between IFNαβ and IFNγ. Macrophages infected with L. monocytogenes strains that induce IFNαβ production responded poorly to IFNγ, as measured by reduced phosphorylation of STAT1 and reduced IFNγ-dependent gene expression. The impaired responsiveness to IFNγ correlated with reduced expression of its receptor, IFNGR, by both infected and bystander macrophages. Down regulation of IFNGR was dependent on responsiveness to IFNγ and mimicked by recombinant IFNβ. Mice lacking responsiveness to IFNαβ (IFNAR1 (-/-)) retained high IFNGR expression, developed higher expression of MHC-II on macrophages and DCs, and were more resistant to systemic L. monocytogenes infection--but only in the presence of IFNγ. Thus, the ability of IFNαβ to down regulate IFNGR provides an explanation for its ability to reduce responsiveness to IFNγ and to increase host susceptibility to bacterial infection. It remains to be determined whether and how such antagonistic interferon crosstalk benefits the host.