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In JoVE (1)
- Gekoppelde Nanoinjection en Elektrofysiologie test voor het screenen op bioactiviteit van verbindingen met behulp van de Drosophila melanogaster Giant Fiber System
Other Publications (1)
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Articles by Mari D. Heghinian in JoVE
Gekoppelde Nanoinjection en Elektrofysiologie test voor het screenen op bioactiviteit van verbindingen met behulp van de Drosophila melanogaster Giant Fiber System
Monica Mejia1, Mari D. Heghinian2, Alexandra Busch1, Frank Marí2, Tanja A. Godenschwege1
1Department of Biological Sciences, Florida Atlantic University, 2Department of Chemistry & Biochemistry, Florida Atlantic University
Other articles by Mari D. Heghinian on PubMed
Toxicon : Official Journal of the International Society on Toxinology. Dec, 2010 | Pubmed ID: 20723555
Finding compounds that affect neuronal or muscular function is of great interest as potential therapeutic agents for a variety of neurological disorders. Alternative applications for these compounds include their use as molecular probes as well as insecticides. We have developed a bioassay that requires small amounts of compounds and allows for unbiased screening of biological activity in vivo. For this, we paired administering compounds in a non-invasive manner with simultaneous electrophysiological recordings from a well-characterized neuronal circuit, the Giant Fiber System of Drosophila melanogaster, which mediates the escape response of the fly. The circuit encompasses a variety of neurons with cholinergic, glutamatergic, and electrical synapses as well as neuromuscular junctions. Electrophysiological recordings from this system allow for the detection of compound-related effects against any molecular target on these components. Here, we provide evidence that this novel bioassay works with small molecules such as the cholinergic receptor blocker mecamylamine hydrochloride and the potassium channel blocker tetraethylammonium hydroxide, as well as with venom from Conus brunneus and isolated conopeptides. Conopeptides have been developed into powerful drugs, such as the painkillers Prialt™ and Xen2174. However, most conopeptides have yet to be characterized, revealing the need for a rapid and straightforward screening method. Our findings show that mecamylamine hydrochloride, as well as the α-conotoxin ImI, which is known to be an antagonist of the human α7 nicotinic acetylcholine receptor, efficiently disrupted the synaptic transmission of a Drosophila α7 nicotinic acetylcholine receptor-dependent pathway in our circuit but did not affect the function of neurons with other types of synapses. This demonstrates that our bioassay is a valid tool for screening for compounds relevant to human health.