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In JoVE (1)
Other Publications (4)
Articles by Marie Javelle in JoVE
In Situ Hybridization for the Precise Localization of Transcripts in Plants
Marie Javelle, Cristina F. Marco, Marja Timmermans
Cold Spring Harbor Laboratory
The in situ hybridization protocol described here allows a direct localization of mRNA and small RNA expression at the cellular level with high sensitivity and specificity. The procedure is optimized for paraffin-embedded plant tissue sections, is applicable to a wide range of plants and tissues, and can be completed within ten days.
Other articles by Marie Javelle on PubMed
Overexpression of the Epidermis-specific Homeodomain-leucine Zipper IV Transcription Factor Outer Cell Layer1 in Maize Identifies Target Genes Involved in Lipid Metabolism and Cuticle Biosynthesis
Plant Physiology. Sep, 2010 | Pubmed ID: 20605912
Transcription factors of the homeodomain-leucine zipper IV (HD-ZIP IV) family play crucial roles in epidermis-related processes. To gain further insight into the molecular function of OUTER CELL LAYER1 (OCL1), 14 target genes up- or down-regulated in transgenic maize (Zea mays) plants overexpressing OCL1 were identified. The 14 genes all showed partial coexpression with OCL1 in maize organs, and several of them shared preferential expression in the epidermis with OCL1. They encoded proteins involved in lipid metabolism, defense, envelope-related functions, or cuticle biosynthesis and include ZmWBC11a (for white brown complex 11a), an ortholog of AtWBC11 involved in the transport of wax and cutin molecules. In support of the annotations, OCL1-overexpressing plants showed quantitative and qualitative changes of cuticular wax compounds in comparison with wild-type plants. An increase in C24 to C28 alcohols was correlated with the transcriptional up-regulation of ZmFAR1, coding for a fatty acyl-coenzyme A reductase. Transcriptional activation of ZmWBC11a by OCL1 was likely direct, since transactivation in transiently transformed maize kernels was abolished by a deletion of the activation domain in OCL1 or mutations in the L1 box, a cis-element bound by HD-ZIP IV transcription factors. Our data demonstrate that, in addition to AP2/EREBP and MYB-type transcription factors, members of the HD-ZIP IV family contribute to the transcriptional regulation of genes involved in cuticle biosynthesis.
Journal of Experimental Botany. Jan, 2011 | Pubmed ID: 20819789
OCL1 (OUTER CELL LAYER1) encodes a maize HD-ZIP class IV transcription factor (TF) characterized by the presence of a homeo DNA-binding domain (HD), a dimerization leucine zipper domain (ZIP), and a steroidogenic acute regulatory protein (StAR)-related lipid transfer domain (START) involved in lipid transport in animals but the function of which is still unknown in plants. By combining yeast and plant trans-activation assays, the transcriptional activation domain of OCL1 was localized to 85 amino acids in the N-terminal part of the START domain. Full-length OCL1 devoid of this activation domain is unable to trans-activate a reporter gene under the control of a minimal promoter fused to six repeats of the L1 box, a cis-element present in target genes of HD-ZIP IV TFs in Arabidopsis. In addition, ectopic expression of OCL1 leads to pleiotropic phenotypic aberrations in transgenic maize plants, the most conspicuous one being a strong delay in flowering time which is correlated with the misexpression of molecular markers for floral transition such as ZMM4 (Zea Mays MADS-box4) or DLF1 (DELAYED FLOWERING1). As suggested by the interaction in planta between OCL1 and SWI3C1, a bona fide subunit of the SWI/SNF complex, OCL1 may modulate transcriptional activity of its target genes by interaction with a chromatin remodelling complex.
The New Phytologist. Jan, 2011 | Pubmed ID: 21054411
Epidermis differentiation and maintenance are essential for plant survival. Constant cross-talk between epidermal cells and their immediate environment is at the heart of epidermal cell fate, and regulates epidermis-specific transcription factors. These factors in turn direct epidermal differentiation involving a whole array of epidermis-specific pathways including specialized lipid metabolism necessary to build the protective cuticle layer. An intact epidermis is crucial for certain key processes in plant development, shoot growth and plant defence. Here, we discuss the control of epidermal cell fate and the function of the epidermal cell layer in the light of recent advances in the field.
Genome-wide Characterization of the HD-ZIP IV Transcription Factor Family in Maize: Preferential Expression in the Epidermis
Plant Physiology. Oct, 2011 | Pubmed ID: 21825105
Transcription factors of the plant-specific homeodomain leucine zipper IV (HD-ZIP IV) family have been found from moss to higher plants, and several family members have been associated with epidermis-related expression and/or function. In maize (Zea mays), four of the five characterized HD-ZIP IV family members are expressed specifically in the epidermis, one contributes to trichome development, and target genes of another one are involved in cuticle biosynthesis. Assessing the phylogeny, synteny, gene structure, expression, and regulation of the entire family in maize, 12 novel ZmHDZIV genes were identified in the recently sequenced maize genome. Among the 17 genes, eight form homeologous pairs duplicated after the split of maize and sorghum (Sorghum bicolor), whereas a fifth duplication is shared with sorghum. All 17 ZmHDZIV genes appear to be derived from a basic module containing seven introns in the coding region. With one possible exception, all 17 ZmHDZIV genes are expressed and show preferential expression in immature reproductive organs. Fourteen of 15 ZmHDZIV genes with detectable expression in laser-dissected tissues exhibit a moderate to very strong expression preference for the epidermis, suggesting that at least in maize, the majority of HD-ZIP IV family members may have epidermis-related functions. Thirteen ZmHDZIV genes carry conserved motifs of 19 and 21 nucleotides in their 3' untranslated region. The strong evolutionary conservation and the size of the conserved motifs in the 3' untranslated region suggest that the expression of HD-ZIP IV genes may be regulated by small RNAs.