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In JoVE (1)
Other Publications (2)
Articles by Matthew J. Butcher in JoVE
Flow Cytometry Analysis of Immune Cells Within Murine Aortas
Matthew J. Butcher1, Margo Herre1, Klaus Ley2, Elena Galkina1
1Deptartment of Microbiology and Molecular Cell Biology, Eastern Virginia Medical School, 2Division of Inflammation Biology, LaJolla Institute for Allergy and Immunology
This paper presents a flow cytometry-based method to investigate the immune composition of aortas. The paper also illustrates an additional technique that allows examining surrounding adventitia and vessel wall separately. This method opens possibilities to perform phenotypical analyses of aortic leukocytes and apply several immunological assays for atherosclerosis studies.
Other articles by Matthew J. Butcher on PubMed
Small (Weinheim an Der Bergstrasse, Germany). Apr, 2007 | Pubmed ID: 17340667
The IL-17A/IL-17RA Axis Plays a Proatherogenic Role Via the Regulation of Aortic Myeloid Cell Recruitment
Circulation Research. Feb, 2012 | Pubmed ID: 22302786
Rationale:Atherosclerosis is a disease of large- and medium-sized arteries that is characterized by chronic vascular inflammation. While the role of Th1, Th2, and T-regulatory subsets in atherogenesis is established, the involvement of IL-17A-producing cells remains unclear.Objective:To investigate the role of the IL-17A/IL-17RA axis in atherosclerosis.Methods and Results:We bred apolipoprotein-E-deficient (Apoe(-/-)) mice with IL-17A-deficient and IL-17 receptor A-deficient mice to generate Il17a(-/-)Apoe(-/-) and Il17ra(-/-)Apoe(-/-) mice. Western diet fed Il17a(-/-)Apoe(-/-) and Il17ra(-/-)Apoe(-/-) mice had smaller atherosclerotic plaques in the aortic arch and aortic roots, but showed little difference in plaque burden in the thoracoabdominal aorta in comparison with Apoe(-/-) controls. Flow cytometric analysis of Il17a(-/-)Apoe(-/-) and Il17ra(-/-)Apoe(-/-) aortas revealed that deficiency of IL-17A/IL-17RA preferentially reduced aortic arch, but not thoracoabdominal aortic T cell, neutrophil, and macrophage content in comparison with Apoe(-/-) aortic segments. In contrast to ubiquitous IL-17RA expression throughout the aorta, IL-17A was preferentially expressed within the aortic arch of WD-fed Apoe(-/-) mice. Deficiency of IL-17A or IL-17RA reduced aortic arch, but not thoracoabdominal aortic TNFα and CXCL2 expression. Aortic vascular IL-17RA supports monocyte adherence to explanted aortas in ex vivo adhesion assays. Short-term homing experiments revealed that the recruitment of adoptively transferred monocytes and neutrophils to the aortas of Il17ra(-/-)Apoe(-/-) mice is impaired in comparison with Apoe(-/-) recipients.Conclusions:The IL-17A/IL-17RA axis increases aortic arch inflammation during atherogenesis through the induction of aortic chemokines, and the acceleration of neutrophil and monocyte recruitment to this site.