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In JoVE (2)
- Zebrafish kimyasal ekranlar için otomatik görüntüleme ve analiz geliştirilmesi.
- Akut Böbrek Sakatlık Eğitim Zebra balığı Larva İntravenöz Microinjections
Other Publications (15)
- Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America
- Developmental Cell
- Developmental Biology
- Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America
- Nucleic Acids Research
- Chembiochem : a European Journal of Chemical Biology
- Developmental Dynamics : an Official Publication of the American Association of Anatomists
- The International Journal of Developmental Biology
- Journal of the American Society of Nephrology : JASN
- Molecular Cancer Therapeutics
- PloS One
- Birth Defects Research. Part C, Embryo Today : Reviews
- Journal of the American Society of Nephrology : JASN
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Articles by Neil A. Hukriede in JoVE
Zebrafish kimyasal ekranlar için otomatik görüntüleme ve analiz geliştirilmesi.
Andreas Vogt1, Hiba Codore2, Billy W. Day3,4, Neil A. Hukriede2, Michael Tsang2
1Pharmacology and Chemical Biology, University of Pittsburgh Drug Discovery Institute, 2Department of Microbiology and Molecular Genetics, University of Pittsburgh, 3Department of Pharmaceutical Sciences, University of Pittsburgh, 4Department of Chemistry, University of Pittsburgh
Biz zebrafish transgenik embriyolar multiwell plakaları otomatik olarak görüntüleme ve analiz için bir sistem geliştirme raporu. Fibroblast Büyüme Faktörü muhabiri gen ekspresyonu üzerine küçük bir molekül, BCI, doza bağımlı etkileri ölçmek ve yüksek verimli zebrafish kimyasal ekranlar kurulması için teknoloji yeteneğini göstermektedir.
Akut Böbrek Sakatlık Eğitim Zebra balığı Larva İntravenöz Microinjections
Chiara Cianciolo Cosentino1, Beth L. Roman2, Iain A. Drummond3, Neil A. Hukriede1
1Department of Developmental Biology, University of Pittsburgh, 2Department of Biological Sciences, University of Pittsburgh, 3Department of Medicine and Genetics, Harvard Medical School
2 gün sonrası fetilization (dpf) akut böbrek hasarı (AKI) ikna etmek için Zebra balığı larvaları aminoglikozid, gentamisin, microinjecting bir teknik açıklar. Ayrıca bütün montaj immünohistokimya için bir yöntem tarif, plastik gömme ve kesit AKI aracılı hasar görselleştirmek Zebra balığı larvalarının.
Other articles by Neil A. Hukriede on PubMed
Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America. Oct, 2002 | Pubmed ID: 12381786
The LIM-domain-binding protein Ldb1 is a key factor in the assembly of transcriptional complexes involving LIM-homeodomain proteins and other transcription factors that regulate animal development. We identified Ssdp proteins (previously described as sequence-specific, single-stranded-DNA-binding proteins) as components of Ldb1-associated nuclear complexes in HeLa cells. Ssdp proteins are associated with Ldb1 in a variety of additional mammalian cell types. This association is specific, does not depend on the presence of nucleic acids, and is functionally significant. Genes encoding Ssdp proteins are well conserved in evolution from Drosophila to humans. Whereas the vertebrate Ssdp gene family has several closely related members, the Drosophila Ssdp gene is unique. In Xenopus, Ssdp encoded by Drosophila Ssdp or mouse Ssdp1 mRNA enhances axis induction by Ldb1 in conjunction with the LIM-homeobox gene Xlim1. Furthermore, we were able to demonstrate an interaction between Ssdp and Chip (the fly homolog of Ldb1) in Drosophila wing development. These findings indicate functional conservation of Ssdp as a cofactor of Ldb1 during invertebrate and vertebrate development.
Developmental Cell. Jan, 2003 | Pubmed ID: 12530965
To investigate Lim1 function during gastrulation, we used transcript depletion through DEED antisense oligonucleotides in Xenopus and cell transplantation in mice. Xenopus embryos depleted of Lim1 lack anterior head structures and fail to form a proper axis as a result of a failure of gastrulation movements, even though mesodermal cell identities are specified. Similar disruption of cell movements in the mesoderm is also observed in Lim1(-/-) mice. Paraxial protocadherin (PAPC) expression is lost in the nascent mesoderm of Lim1(-/-) mouse embryos and in the organizer of Lim1-depleted Xenopus embryos; the latter can be rescued to a considerable extent by supplying PAPC exogenously. We conclude that a primary function of Lim1 in the early embryo is to enable proper cell movements during gastrulation.
The Zebrafish Dog-eared Mutation Disrupts Eya1, a Gene Required for Cell Survival and Differentiation in the Inner Ear and Lateral Line
Developmental Biology. Jan, 2005 | Pubmed ID: 15572137
To understand the molecular basis of sensory organ development and disease, we have cloned and characterized the zebrafish mutation dog-eared (dog) that is defective in formation of the inner ear and lateral line sensory systems. The dog locus encodes the eyes absent-1 (eya1) gene and single point mutations were found in three independent dog alleles, each prematurely truncating the expressed protein within the Eya domain. Moreover, morpholino-mediated knockdown of eya1 gene function phenocopies the dog-eared mutation. In zebrafish, the eya1 gene is widely expressed in placode-derived sensory organs during embryogenesis but Eya1 function appears to be primarily required for survival of sensory hair cells in the developing ear and lateral line neuromasts. Increased levels of apoptosis occur in the migrating primordia of the posterior lateral line in dog embryos and as well as in regions of the developing otocyst that are mainly fated to give rise to sensory cells of the cristae. Importantly, mutation of the EYA1 or EYA4 gene causes hereditary syndromic deafness in humans. Determination of eya gene function during zebrafish organogenesis will facilitate understanding the molecular etiology of human vestibular and hearing disorders.
The Zebrafish Kohtalo/trap230 Gene is Required for the Development of the Brain, Neural Crest, and Pronephric Kidney
Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America. Dec, 2005 | Pubmed ID: 16344459
Mutation of the gene encoding the Mediator component thyroid hormone receptor-associated protein (TRAP)230/MED12 affects the development of multiple systems in zebrafish embryogenesis. We isolated two ethylnitrosourea-induced alleles in the gene encoding this protein and named the locus kohtalo (kto) after the homologous locus in Drosophila. Homozygous kto mutant zebrafish embryos show defects in brain, neural crest, and kidney development and die at approximately 6 days postfertilization. In the affected tissues, differentiation is initiated and many cell type-specific genes are expressed, but there is a failure of morphogenesis and failure to complete differentiation. These results suggest that critical targets of TRAP230 function may include proteins important for cell mobility, cell sorting, and tissue assembly.
Cloning and Characterization of Zebrafish CTCF: Developmental Expression Patterns, Regulation of the Promoter Region, and Evolutionary Aspects of Gene Organization
Gene. Jun, 2006 | Pubmed ID: 16647825
CTCF is a nuclear phosphoprotein capable of using different subsets of its 11 Zn fingers (ZF) for sequence-specific binding to many dissimilar DNA CTCF-target sites. Such sites were identified in the genomic DNA of various multicellular organisms, in which the CTCF gene was cloned, including insects, birds, rodents, and primates. CTCF/DNA-complexes formed in vivo with different 50-bp-long sequences mediate diverse functions such as positive and negative regulation of promoters, and organization of all known enhancer-blocking elements ("chromatin insulators") including constitutive and epigenetically regulated elements. Abnormal functions of certain CTCF sites are implicated in cancer and in epigenetic syndromes such as BWS and skewed X-inactivation. We describe here the cloning and characterization of the CTCF cDNA and promoter region from zebrafish, a valuable vertebrate model organism. The full-length zebrafish CTCF cDNA clone is 4244 bp in length with an open reading frame (ORF) of 2391 bp that encodes 797 amino acids. The zebrafish CTCF amino acid sequence shows high identity (up to 98% in the zinc finger region) with human CTCF, and perfect conservation of exon-intron organization. Southern blot analyses indicated that the zebrafish genome contains a single copy of the CTCF gene. In situ hybridization revealed the presence of zebrafish CTCF transcripts in all early stages of embryogenesis. Transfection assays with luciferase reporter-constructs identified a core promoter region within 146 bp immediately upstream of the transcriptional start site of zebrafish CTCF that is located at a highly conserved YY1/Initiator element.
Generation of a Transgenic Zebrafish Model of Tauopathy Using a Novel Promoter Element Derived from the Zebrafish Eno2 Gene
Nucleic Acids Research. 2007 | Pubmed ID: 17897967
The aim of this study was to isolate cis-acting regulatory elements for the generation of transgenic zebrafish models of neurodegeneration. Zebrafish enolase-2 (eno2) showed neuronal expression increasing from 24 to 72 h post-fertilization (hpf) and persisting through adulthood. A 12 kb eno2 genomic fragment, extending from 8 kb upstream of exon 1 to exon 2, encompassing intron 1, was sufficient to drive neuronal reporter gene expression in vivo over a similar time course. Five independent lines of stable Tg(eno2 : GFP) zebrafish expressed GFP widely in neurons, including populations with relevance to neurodegeneration, such as cholinergic neurons, dopaminergic neurons and cerebellar Purkinje cells. We replaced the exon 2-GFP fusion gene with a cDNA encoding the 4-repeat isoform of the human microtubule-associated protein Tau. The first intron of eno2 was spliced with high fidelity and efficiency from the chimeric eno2-Tau transcript. Tau was expressed at approximately 8-fold higher levels in Tg(eno2 : Tau) zebrafish brain than normal human brain, and localized to axons, neuropil and ectopic neuronal somatic accumulations resembling neurofibrillary tangles. The 12 kb eno2 promoter drives high-level transgene expression in differentiated neurons throughout the CNS of stable transgenic zebrafish. This regulatory element will be useful for the construction of transgenic zebrafish models of neurodegeneration.
Scalable and Concise Synthesis of Dichlorofluorescein Derivatives Displaying Tissue Permeation in Live Zebrafish Embryos
Chembiochem : a European Journal of Chemical Biology. Jan, 2008 | Pubmed ID: 18161734
Developmental Dynamics : an Official Publication of the American Association of Anatomists. Mar, 2009 | Pubmed ID: 19235725
Presently, the zebrafish is the only vertebrate model compatible with contemporary paradigms of drug discovery. Zebrafish embryos are amenable to automation necessary for high-throughput chemical screens, and optical transparency makes them potentially suited for image-based screening. However, the lack of tools for automated analysis of complex images presents an obstacle to using the zebrafish as a high-throughput screening model. We have developed an automated system for imaging and analyzing zebrafish embryos in multi-well plates regardless of embryo orientation and without user intervention. Images of fluorescent embryos were acquired on a high-content reader and analyzed using an artificial intelligence-based image analysis method termed Cognition Network Technology (CNT). CNT reliably detected transgenic fluorescent embryos (Tg(fli1:EGFP)(y1)) arrayed in 96-well plates and quantified intersegmental blood vessel development in embryos treated with small molecule inhibitors of anigiogenesis. The results demonstrate it is feasible to adapt image-based high-content screening methodology to measure complex whole organism phenotypes.
The International Journal of Developmental Biology. 2010 | Pubmed ID: 20209443
The LIM-domain containing transcription factor, Lhx1, is involved in the regulation of early gastrulation cell movements, kidney organogenesis and other processes in vertebrate model organisms. To follow the expression of this gene in live embryos, we created transgenic zebrafish expressing enhanced green fluorescent protein (EGFP) under the control of lhx1a regulatory regions. Tg(lhx1a:EGFP)(pt303) recapitulates the expression of endogenous lhx1a beginning at early gastrula stages through 72 hours of development with only few exceptions. In addition, over-expression of the Nodal ligand, ndr1, results in the concomitant expansion of the transgene and endogenous lhx1a expression. Treatment of Tg(lhx1a:EGFP)(pt303) embryos with the small molecule SB-431542, an inhibitor of Nodal signaling, results in the loss of both transgene and endogenous lhx1a expression. These experiments suggest that Tg(lhx1a:EGFP)(pt303) is regulated in a manner similar to endogenous lhx1a. Therefore, this reporter can be utilized not only for monitoring lhx1a expression, but also for numerous applications, including chemical genetics screening.
Journal of the American Society of Nephrology : JASN. May, 2010 | Pubmed ID: 20378823
One of the first hallmarks of kidney regeneration is the reactivation of genes normally required during organogenesis. Identification of chemicals with the potential to enhance this reactivation could therapeutically promote kidney regeneration. Here, we found that 4-(phenylthio)butanoic acid (PTBA) expanded the expression domains of molecular markers of kidney organogenesis in zebrafish. PTBA exhibits structural and functional similarity to the histone deacetylase (HDAC) inhibitors 4-phenylbutanoic acid and trichostatin A; treatment with these HDAC inhibitors also expanded the renal progenitor cell population. Analyses in vitro and in vivo confirmed that PTBA functions as an inhibitor of HDAC activity. Furthermore, PTBA-mediated renal progenitor cell expansion required retinoic acid signaling. In summary, these results support a mechanistic link among renal progenitor cells, HDAC, and the retinoid pathway. Whether PTBA holds promise as a therapeutic agent to promote renal regeneration requires further study.
Nature. Feb, 2011 | Pubmed ID: 21270795
Loss of kidney function underlies many renal diseases. Mammals can partly repair their nephrons (the functional units of the kidney), but cannot form new ones. By contrast, fish add nephrons throughout their lifespan and regenerate nephrons de novo after injury, providing a model for understanding how mammalian renal regeneration may be therapeutically activated. Here we trace the source of new nephrons in the adult zebrafish to small cellular aggregates containing nephron progenitors. Transplantation of single aggregates comprising 10-30 cells is sufficient to engraft adults and generate multiple nephrons. Serial transplantation experiments to test self-renewal revealed that nephron progenitors are long-lived and possess significant replicative potential, consistent with stem-cell activity. Transplantation of mixed nephron progenitors tagged with either green or red fluorescent proteins yielded some mosaic nephrons, indicating that multiple nephron progenitors contribute to a single nephron. Consistent with this, live imaging of nephron formation in transparent larvae showed that nephrogenic aggregates form by the coalescence of multiple cells and then differentiate into nephrons. Taken together, these data demonstrate that the zebrafish kidney probably contains self-renewing nephron stem/progenitor cells. The identification of these cells paves the way to isolating or engineering the equivalent cells in mammals and developing novel renal regenerative therapies.
A Simplified Synthesis of Novel Dictyostatin Analogues with in Vitro Activity Against Epothilone B-resistant Cells and Antiangiogenic Activity in Zebrafish Embryos
Molecular Cancer Therapeutics. Jun, 2011 | Pubmed ID: 21490306
The natural product (--)-dictyostatin is a microtubule-stabilizing agent that potently inhibits the growth of human cancer cells, including paclitaxel-resistant clones. Extensive structure-activity relationship studies have revealed several regions of the molecule that can be altered without loss of activity. The most potent synthetic dictyostatin analogue described to date, 6-epi-dictyostatin, has superior in vivo antitumor activity against human breast cancer xenografts compared with paclitaxel. In spite of their encouraging activities in preclinical studies, the complex chemical structure of the dictyostatins presents a major obstacle for their development into novel antineoplastic therapies. We recently reported a streamlined synthesis of 16-desmethyl-25,26-dihydrodictyostatins and found several agents that, when compared with 6-epi-dictyostatin, retained nanomolar activity in cellular microtubule-bundling assays but had lost activity against paclitaxel-resistant cells with mutations in β-tubulin. Extending these studies, we applied the new, highly convergent synthesis to generate 25,26-dihydrodictyostatin and 6-epi-25,26-dihydrodictyostatin. Both compounds were potent microtubule-perturbing agents that induced mitotic arrest and microtubule assembly in vitro and in intact cells. In vitro radioligand binding studies showed that 25,26-dihydrodictyostatin and its C6-epimer were capable of displacing [3H]paclitaxel and [14C]epothilone B from microtubules with potencies comparable to (--)-dictyostatin and discodermolide. Both compounds inhibited the growth of paclitaxel- and epothilone B-resistant cell lines at low nanomolar concentrations, synergized with paclitaxel in MDA-MB-231 human breast cancer cells, and had antiangiogenic activity in transgenic zebrafish larvae. These data identify 25,26-dihydrodictyostatin and 6-epi-25,26-dihydrodictyostatin as candidates for scale-up synthesis and further preclinical development.
PloS One. 2011 | Pubmed ID: 21526205
In the vertebrate embryo, the kidney is derived from the intermediate mesoderm. The LIM-class homeobox transcription factor lhx1 is expressed early in the intermediate mesoderm and is one of the first genes to be expressed in the nephric mesenchyme. In this study, we investigated the role of Lhx1 in specification of the kidney field by either overexpressing or depleting lhx1 in Xenopus embryos or depleting lhx1 in an explant culture system. By overexpressing a constitutively-active form of Lhx1, we established its capacity to expand the kidney field during the specification stage of kidney organogenesis. In addition, the ability of Lhx1 to expand the kidney field diminishes as kidney organogenesis transitions to the morphogenesis stage. In a complimentary set of experiments, we determined that embryos depleted of lhx1, show an almost complete loss of the kidney field. Using an explant culture system to induce kidney tissue, we confirmed that expression of genes from both proximal and distal kidney structures is affected by the absence of lhx1. Taken together our results demonstrate an essential role for Lhx1 in driving specification of the entire kidney field from the intermediate mesoderm.
Birth Defects Research. Part C, Embryo Today : Reviews. Jun, 2011 | Pubmed ID: 21671354
The zebrafish has become a significant model system for studying renal organogenesis and disease, as well as for the quest for new therapeutics, because of the structural and functional simplicity of the embryonic kidney. Inroads to the nature and disease states of kidney-related ciliopathies and acute kidney injury (AKI) have been advanced by zebrafish studies. This model organism has been instrumental in the analysis of mutant gene function for human disease with respect to ciliopathies. Additionally, in the AKI field, recent work in the zebrafish has identified a bona fide adult zebrafish renal progenitor (stem) cell that is required for neo-nephrogenesis, both during the normal lifespan and in response to renal injury. Taken together, these studies solidify the zebrafish as a successful model system for studying the broad spectrum of ciliopathies and AKI that affect millions of humans worldwide, and point to a very promising future of zebrafish drug discovery. The emphasis of this review will be on the role of the zebrafish as a model for human kidney-related ciliopathies and AKI, and how our understanding of these complex pathologies is being furthered by this tiny teleost.