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In JoVE (1)
- Brug af omvendt genetik til at manipulere NSS Gene af Rift Valley Fever virus MP-12 Strain to Improve Vaccine sikkerhed og effekt
Other Publications (2)
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Articles by Olga Lihoradova in JoVE
Brug af omvendt genetik til at manipulere NSS Gene af Rift Valley Fever virus MP-12 Strain to Improve Vaccine sikkerhed og effekt
Birte Kalveram, Olga Lihoradova, Sabarish V. Indran, Tetsuro Ikegami
Department of Pathology, University of Texas Medical Branch
Det omvendte genetik system for Rift Valley fever virus MP-12 vaccinestamme er et nyttigt værktøj til at skabe ekstra MP-12 mutanter med øget dæmpning og immunogenicitet. Vi beskriver protokollen til at generere og karakterisere NSS mutant stammer.
Other articles by Olga Lihoradova on PubMed
The Homingbac Baculovirus Cloning System: An Alternative Way to Introduce Foreign DNA into Baculovirus Genomes
Journal of Virological Methods. Mar, 2007 | Pubmed ID: 17141883
An in vitro baculovirus cloning system has been developed for direct cloning of foreign DNA into baculovirus genomes. This system is called the "Homingbac system" because it uses homing endonucleases. The Homingbac system was engineered into the baculoviruses AcMNPV, BmNPV, PxMNPV, RoMNPV, HaSNPV and HzSNPV. All Homingbac viruses were designed to retain the polyhedra phenotype so that they could be inoculated per os to insects. This is the first time a common in vitro baculovirus cloning system has been made for multiple baculovirus species that include both groups I and II nucleopolyhedroviruses (NPVs). In this study, the Homingbac system was demonstrated by directly cloning a PCR-amplified beta-glucuronidase gene cassette into a parent Homingbac virus. This new collection of groups I and II NPV Homingbac viruses are a significant expansion of in vitro cloning technology and are new tools for making recombinant baculoviruses.
NSs Protein of Rift Valley Fever Virus Promotes Posttranslational Downregulation of the TFIIH Subunit P62
Journal of Virology. Jul, 2011 | Pubmed ID: 21543505
Rift Valley fever virus (RVFV; family Bunyaviridae, genus Phlebovirus) is an important emerging pathogen of humans and ruminants. Its NSs protein has previously been identified as a major virulence factor that suppresses host defense through three distinct mechanisms: it directly inhibits beta interferon (IFN-β) promoter activity, it promotes the degradation of double-stranded RNA-dependent protein kinase (PKR), and it suppresses host transcription by disrupting the assembly of the basal transcription factor TFIIH through sequestration of its p44 subunit. Here, we report that in addition to PKR, NSs also promotes the degradation of the TFIIH subunit p62. Infection of cells with the RVFV MP-12 vaccine strain reduced p62 protein levels to below the detection limit early in the course of infection. This NSs-mediated downregulation of p62 was posttranslational, as it was unaffected by pharmacological inhibition of transcription or translation and MP-12 infection had no effect on p62 mRNA levels. Treatment of cells with proteasome inhibitors but not inhibition of lysosomal acidification or nuclear export resulted in a stabilization of p62 in the presence of NSs. Furthermore, p62 could be coprecipitated with NSs from lysates of infected cells. These data suggest that the RVFV NSs protein is able to interact with the TFIIH subunit p62 inside infected cells and promotes its degradation, which can occur directly in the nucleus.