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In JoVE (1)
Other Publications (12)
- Journal of General Internal Medicine
- BMC Complementary and Alternative Medicine
- Journal of Proteome Research
- Brain Research
- Cancer Research
- Cancer Research
- Autonomic Neuroscience : Basic & Clinical
- Methods in Molecular Biology (Clifton, N.J.)
- Methods in Molecular Biology (Clifton, N.J.)
- Journal of Neurosurgery
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Articles by Ovidiu Marina in JoVE
Мониторинг Акупунктура Влияние на Мозга человека на МРТ
Kathleen K. S. Hui1, Vitaly Napadow1, Jing Liu1, Ming Li1, Ovidiu Marina1,2, Erika E. Nixon1, Joshua D. Claunch1, Lauren LaCount1, Tara Sporko1, Kenneth K. Kwong1
1Department of Radiology, Massachusetts General Hospital and Harvard Medical School, 2William Beaumont Hospital
FMRI и физиологические мониторинга используется для изучения влияния акупунктуры на центральную и периферическую нервную системы. Акупунктура мобилизует лимбико-paralimbic-неокортекса сети, с большим перекрытием с сетевой режим по умолчанию, для модуляции неврологических деятельности, возможно, связано с его вегетативной эффект в периферической нервной системе.
Other articles by Ovidiu Marina on PubMed
The Integrated Response of the Human Cerebro-cerebellar and Limbic Systems to Acupuncture Stimulation at ST 36 As Evidenced by FMRI
NeuroImage. Sep, 2005 | Pubmed ID: 16046146
Clinical and experimental data indicate that most acupuncture clinical results are mediated by the central nervous system, but the specific effects of acupuncture on the human brain remain unclear. Even less is known about its effects on the cerebellum. This fMRI study demonstrated that manual acupuncture at ST 36 (Stomach 36, Zusanli), a main acupoint on the leg, modulated neural activity at multiple levels of the cerebro-cerebellar and limbic systems. The pattern of hemodynamic response depended on the psychophysical response to needle manipulation. Acupuncture stimulation typically elicited a composite of sensations termed deqi that is related to clinical efficacy according to traditional Chinese medicine. The limbic and paralimbic structures of cortical and subcortical regions in the telencephalon, diencephalon, brainstem and cerebellum demonstrated a concerted attenuation of signal intensity when the subjects experienced deqi. When deqi was mixed with sharp pain, the hemodynamic response was mixed, showing a predominance of signal increases instead. Tactile stimulation as control also elicited a predominance of signal increase in a subset of these regions. The study provides preliminary evidence for an integrated response of the human cerebro-cerebellar and limbic systems to acupuncture stimulation at ST 36 that correlates with the psychophysical response.
Journal of General Internal Medicine. Aug, 2005 | Pubmed ID: 16050879
The reliance on physical examination as a diagnostic aid is in decline.
Proteomics. Mar, 2007 | Pubmed ID: 17370257
Proteomics offers the most direct approach to understand disease and its molecular biomarkers. Biomarkers denote the biological states of tissues, cells, or body fluids that are useful for disease detection and classification. Clinical proteomics is used for early disease detection, molecular diagnosis of disease, identification and formulation of therapies, and disease monitoring and prognostics. Bioinformatics tools are essential for converting raw proteomics data into knowledge and subsequently into useful applications. These tools are used for the collection, processing, analysis, and interpretation of the vast amounts of proteomics data. Management, analysis, and interpretation of large quantities of raw and processed data require a combination of various informatics technologies such as databases, sequence comparison, predictive models, and statistical tools. We have demonstrated the utility of bioinformatics in clinical proteomics through the analysis of the cancer antigen survivin and its suitability as a target for cancer immunotherapy.
BMC Complementary and Alternative Medicine. 2007 | Pubmed ID: 17973984
Acupuncture stimulation elicits deqi, a composite of unique sensations that is essential for clinical efficacy according to traditional Chinese medicine (TCM). There is lack of adequate experimental data to indicate what sensations comprise deqi, their prevalence and intensity, their relationship to acupoints, how they compare with conventional somatosensory or noxious response. The objective of this study is to provide scientific evidence on these issues and to characterize the nature of the deqi phenomenon in terms of the prevalence of sensations as well as the uniqueness of the sensations underlying the deqi experience.
Journal of Proteome Research. May, 2008 | Pubmed ID: 18393456
Protein microarray technology is rapidly growing and has the potential to accelerate the discovery of targets of serum antibody responses in cancer, autoimmunity and infectious disease. Analytical tools for interpreting this high-throughput array data, however, are not well-established. We developed a concentration-dependent analysis (CDA) method which normalizes protein microarray data based on the concentration of spotted probes. We show that this analysis samples a data space that is complementary to other commonly employed analyses, and demonstrate experimental validation of 92% of hits identified by the intersection of CDA with other tools. These data support the use of CDA either as a preprocessing step for a more complete proteomic microarray data analysis or as a stand-alone analysis method.
Brain Research. Sep, 2009 | Pubmed ID: 19559684
Previous work has shown that acupuncture stimulation evokes deactivation of a limbic-paralimbic-neocortical network (LPNN) as well as activation of somatosensory brain regions. This study explores the activity and functional connectivity of these regions during acupuncture vs. tactile stimulation and vs. acupuncture associated with inadvertent sharp pain. Acupuncture during 201 scans and tactile stimulation during 74 scans for comparison at acupoints LI4, ST36 and LV3 was monitored with fMRI and psychophysical response in 48 healthy subjects. Clusters of deactivated regions in the medial prefrontal, medial parietal and medial temporal lobes as well as activated regions in the sensorimotor and a few paralimbic structures can be identified during acupuncture by general linear model analysis and seed-based cross correlation analysis. Importantly, these clusters showed virtual identity with the default mode network and the anti-correlated task-positive network in response to stimulation. In addition, the amygdala and hypothalamus, structures not routinely reported in the default mode literature, were frequently involved in acupuncture. When acupuncture induced sharp pain, the deactivation was attenuated or became activated instead. Tactile stimulation induced greater activation of the somatosensory regions but less extensive deactivation of the LPNN. These results indicate that the deactivation of the LPNN during acupuncture cannot be completely explained by the demand of attention that is commonly proposed in the default mode literature. Our results suggest that acupuncture mobilizes the anti-correlated functional networks of the brain to mediate its actions, and that the effect is dependent on the psychophysical response.
Efficacious Immune Therapy in Chronic Myelogenous Leukemia (CML) Recognizes Antigens That Are Expressed on CML Progenitor Cells
Cancer Research. Feb, 2010 | Pubmed ID: 20103624
Curative effects of graft-versus-leukemia-based therapies such as donor lymphocyte infusion (DLI) for chronic myelogenous leukemia (CML) may result from immunologic ablation of self-renewing CML progenitor cells. Patients who achieved durable remissions after DLI developed a significant B-cell lymphocytosis after treatment, which did not occur in patients who were unresponsive to DLI. In this study, we identified antigen targets of this B-cell response by probing two immunoproteomic platforms with plasma immunoglobulins from seven CML patients with clinically apparent graft-versus-leukemia responses after DLI. In total, 62 antigens elicited greater reactivity from post-DLI versus pre-DLI plasma. Microarray analysis revealed that >70% of the antigens were expressed in CML CD34(+) cells, suggesting that expression in malignant progenitor cells is a feature common to antibody targets of DLI. We confirmed elevated expression of three target antigens (RAB38, TBCE, and DUSP12) in CML that together consistently elicited antibody responses in 18 of 21 of an additional cohort of CML patients with therapeutic responses, but not in normal donors and rarely in non-CML patients. In summary, immunologic targets of curative DLI responses include multiple antigens on CML progenitor cells, identifying them as potential immunogens for vaccination and/or monitoring of immunotherapeutics designed to eliminate myeloid leukemia stem cells.
Serologic Markers of Effective Tumor Immunity Against Chronic Lymphocytic Leukemia Include Nonmutated B-cell Antigens
Cancer Research. Feb, 2010 | Pubmed ID: 20124481
Patients with chronic lymphocytic leukemia (CLL) who relapse after allogeneic transplant may achieve durable remission following donor lymphocyte infusion (DLI), showing the potency of donor-derived immunity in eradicating tumors. We sought to elucidate the antigenic basis of the effective graft-versus-leukemia (GvL) responses associated with DLI for the treatment of CLL by analyzing the specificity of plasma antibody responses developing in two DLI-treated patients who achieved long-term remission without graft-versus-host disease. By probing high-density protein microarrays with patient plasma, we discovered 35 predominantly intracellular antigens that elicited high-titer antibody reactivity greater in post-DLI than in pre-DLI plasma. Three antigens-C6orf130, MDS032, and ZFYVE19-were identified by both patients. Along with additional candidate antigens DAPK3, SERBP1, and OGFOD1, these proteins showed higher transcript and protein expression in B cells and CLL cells compared with normal peripheral blood mononuclear cells. DAPK3 and the shared antigens do not represent minor histocompatibility antigens, as their sequences are identical in both donor and tumor. Although ZFYVE19, DAPK3, and OGFOD1 elicited minimal antibody reactivity in 12 normal subjects and 12 chemotherapy-treated CLL patients, 5 of 12 CLL patients with clinical GvL responses were serologically reactive to these antigens. Moreover, antibody reactivity against these antigens was temporally correlated with clinical disease regression. These B-cell antigens represent promising biomarkers of effective anti-CLL immunity.
Autonomic Neuroscience : Basic & Clinical. Oct, 2010 | Pubmed ID: 20494627
The study of the mechanism of acupuncture action was revolutionized by the use of functional magnetic resonance imaging (fMRI). Over the past decade, our fMRI studies of healthy subjects have contributed substantially to elucidating the central effect of acupuncture on the human brain. These studies have shown that acupuncture stimulation, when associated with sensations comprising deqi, evokes deactivation of a limbic-paralimbic-neocortical network, which encompasses the limbic system, as well as activation of somatosensory brain regions. These networks closely match the default mode network and the anti-correlated task-positive network described in the literature. We have also shown that the effect of acupuncture on the brain is integrated at multiple levels, down to the brainstem and cerebellum. Our studies support the hypothesis that the effect of acupuncture on the brain goes beyond the effect of attention on the default mode network or the somatosensory stimulation of acupuncture needling. The amygdala and hypothalamus, in particular, show decreased activation during acupuncture stimulation that is not commonly associated with default mode network activity. At the same time, our research shows that acupuncture stimulation needs to be done carefully, limiting stimulation when the resulting sensations are very strong or when sharp pain is elicited. When acupuncture induced sharp pain, our studies show that the deactivation was attenuated or reversed in direction. Our results suggest that acupuncture mobilizes the functionally anti-correlated networks of the brain to mediate its actions, and that the effect is dependent on the psychophysical response. In this work we also discuss multiple avenues of future research, including the role of neurotransmitters, the effect of different acupuncture techniques, and the potential clinical application of our research findings to disease states including chronic pain, major depression, schizophrenia, autism, and Alzheimer's disease.
A Coprecipitation-based Validation Methodology for Interactions Identified Using Protein Microarrays
Methods in Molecular Biology (Clifton, N.J.). 2011 | Pubmed ID: 21370070
Candidate interactions identified by high-throughput protein microarray screening require rigorous -confirmation. Such validation is time-consuming and labor-intensive using conventional techniques. We describe a medium-throughput validation protocol based on coprecipitation of biotin-labeled -proteins synthesized in vitro using a rabbit reticulocyte lysate-coupled transcription and translation system. As our experimental system is based on screening for serum antibodies, we also present methods on purifying immunoglobulin from serum and quantifying the amount of coprecipitated (immunoprecipitated) target protein on Western blot. This technique provides a sensitive confirmatory test allowing for the rapid elimination of false positives prior to more extensive validation and analysis of target interactions in their native environment.
Methods in Molecular Biology (Clifton, N.J.). 2011 | Pubmed ID: 21370075
Protein microarrays are a high-throughput technology capable of generating large quantities of proteomics data. They can be used for general research or for clinical diagnostics. Bioinformatics and statistical analysis techniques are required for interpretation and reaching biologically relevant conclusions from raw data. We describe essential algorithms for processing protein microarray data, including spot-finding on slide images, Z score, and significance analysis of microarrays (SAM) calculations, as well as the concentration dependent analysis (CDA). We also describe available tools for protein microarray analysis, and provide a template for a step-by-step approach to performing an analysis centered on the CDA method. We conclude with a discussion of fundamental and practical issues and considerations.
Treatment Outcomes for Patients with Glioblastoma Multiforme and a Low Karnofsky Performance Scale Score on Presentation to a Tertiary Care Institution. Clinical Article
Journal of Neurosurgery. Aug, 2011 | Pubmed ID: 21548745
The object of this study was to determine the benefit of surgery, radiation, and chemotherapy for patients with glioblastoma multiforme (GBM) and a low Karnofsky Performance Scale (KPS) score.