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In JoVE (1)
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Articles by Paul A. Vadola in JoVE
Bireysel Presinaptik Terminalleri Dopamin Yayın FFNs ile görüntülendi
Hui Zhang1,2, Niko G. Gubernator3,4, Minerva Yue1, Roland G. W. Staal1, Eugene V. Mosharov1, Daniela Pereira1, Vojtech Balsanek3, Paul A. Vadola3, Bipasha Mukherjee5, Robert H. Edwards5, David Sulzer1,2,6, Dalibor Sames3
1Departments of Neurology, Columbia University, 2Departments of Psychiatry and Pharmacology, Columbia University, 3Department of Chemistry, Columbia University, 4eMolecules, Inc., 5Departments of Neurology and Physiology, University of California School of Medicine, San Francisco, 6Division of Molecular Therapeutics, New York Psychiatric Institute
Yeni bir floresan dopamin analogları kullanarak optik nörotransmisyon ölçmek anlamına gelir.
Other articles by Paul A. Vadola on PubMed
Fluorescent False Neurotransmitters Visualize Dopamine Release from Individual Presynaptic Terminals
Science (New York, N.Y.). Jun, 2009 | Pubmed ID: 19423778
The nervous system transmits signals between neurons via neurotransmitter release during synaptic vesicle fusion. In order to observe neurotransmitter uptake and release from individual presynaptic terminals directly, we designed fluorescent false neurotransmitters as substrates for the synaptic vesicle monoamine transporter. Using these probes to image dopamine release in the striatum, we made several observations pertinent to synaptic plasticity. We found that the fraction of synaptic vesicles releasing neurotransmitter per stimulus was dependent on the stimulus frequency. A kinetically distinct "reserve" synaptic vesicle population was not observed under these experimental conditions. A frequency-dependent heterogeneity of presynaptic terminals was revealed that was dependent in part on D2 dopamine receptors, indicating a mechanism for frequency-dependent coding of presynaptic selection.
C-H Bond Functionalization Via Hydride Transfer: Direct Coupling of Unactivated Alkynes and Sp(3) C-H Bonds Catalyzed by Platinum Tetraiodide
Journal of the American Chemical Society. Nov, 2009 | Pubmed ID: 19852462
We report a catalytic intramolecular coupling between terminal unactivated alkynes and sp(3) C-H bonds via through-space hydride transfer (HT-cyclization of alkynes). This method enables one-step preparation of complex heterocyclic compounds by alpha-alkenylation of readily available cyclic ethers and amines. We show that PtI(4) is an effective Lewis acid catalyst for the activation of terminal alkynes for hydride attack and subsequent C-C bond formation. In addition, we have shown that the activity of neutral platinum salts (PtX(n)) can be modulated by the halide ligands. This modulation in turn allows for fine-tuning of the platinum center reactivity to match the reactivity and stability of selected substrates and products.