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In JoVE (1)
Other Publications (2)
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Articles by Robert Cantrup in JoVE
Effektiv Gene Delivery i flera CNS territorierna Använda I Utero Elektroporation
Rajiv Dixit1, Fuqu Lu2, Robert Cantrup1, Nicole Gruenig1,2, Lisa Marie Langevin1, Deborah M. Kurrasch2, Carol Schuurmans1
1Department of Biochemistry and Molecular Biology, Hotchkiss Brain Institute, Alberta Children’s Hospital Research Institute, University of Calgary, 2Department of Medical Genetics, Alberta Children’s Hospital Research Institute, Hotchkiss Brain Institute, University of Calgary
I livmodern elektroporation möjliggör snabb genen leverans i ett rumsligt och tidsmässigt-kontrollerat sätt i utvecklingsländerna centrala nervsystemet (CNS). Här beskriver vi en mycket anpassningsbar i livmodern elektroporering protokoll som kan användas för att leverera uttryck konstruktioner i flera embryonala CNS-domäner, inklusive telencephalon, diencephalon och näthinnan.
Other articles by Robert Cantrup on PubMed
Neural Development. 2007 | Pubmed ID: 17559664
Organs are programmed to acquire a particular size during development, but the regulatory mechanisms that dictate when dividing progenitor cells should permanently exit the cell cycle and stop producing additional daughter cells are poorly understood. In differentiated tissues, tumor suppressor genes maintain a constant cell number and intact tissue architecture by controlling proliferation, apoptosis and cell dispersal. Here we report a similar role for two tumor suppressor genes, the Zac1 zinc finger transcription factor and that encoding the cytokine TGFbetaII, in the developing retina.
Prefrontal Cortical D1 Dopamine Receptors Modulate Subcortical D2 Dopamine Receptor-mediated Stress Responsiveness
The International Journal of Neuropsychopharmacology / Official Scientific Journal of the Collegium Internationale Neuropsychopharmacologicum (CINP). Oct, 2009 | Pubmed ID: 19275776
Increased responsiveness to stress plays an important role in the manifestation of schizophrenia symptoms. Evidence indicates that the prefrontal cortex (PFC), and dopamine neurotransmission in the PFC in particular, is involved in the modulation of stress responsiveness. Decreased dopaminergic activity and loss of dopamine fibres have been reported in PFC in schizophrenia patients. Consequently, it was hypothesized that depletion of dopamine in PFC may facilitate increased stress responsiveness. Adult Sprague-Dawley rats received injections of 6-hydroxydopamine or saline bilaterally into the medial PFC (mPFC) following desipramine pretreatment to selectively deplete dopaminergic fibres. Following a 3-wk recovery period, the lesioned and control rats received injections of a D1 or D2 dopamine receptor agonist or vehicle into the mPFC and were immediately subjected to forced swimming as a stressor. Results showed that frequency of locomotion and rearing, behavioural measures indicative of increased dopaminergic activity in the nucleus accumbens (NAc), were significantly increased following stress in prefrontal cortical dopamine-depleted rats. This effect was significantly ameliorated by infusions of a D1 dopamine receptor agonist directly into the mPFC in a dose-dependent manner but not by infusion of a D2 dopamine receptor agonist. In addition, stress-induced behavioural changes in prefrontal cortical dopamine-depleted rats were significantly reduced following selective discrete infusions of a D2 dopamine receptor antagonist into the NAc shell. The results suggest that dopaminergic transmission via D1 receptors in the mPFC modulates D2 dopamine receptor-mediated stress responsiveness in the NAc, a feature that may be disrupted in schizophrenia patients.