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In JoVE (1)
Other Publications (6)
Articles by Rui Sousa-Neves in JoVE
Upright Imaging of Drosophila Embryos
Mirela Belu1, Michelle Javier1, Katayoun Ayasoufi1, Sarah Frischmann1, Catherine Jin1, Kuo-Chen Wang1, Rui Sousa-Neves1, Claudia Mieko Mizutani1,2
1Department of Biology, Case Western Reserve University, 2Department of Genetics, Case Western Reserve University
Here we present a mounting protocol for stained Drosophila embryos in an upright position that allows imaging of cross-sections using Confocal microscopy.
Other articles by Rui Sousa-Neves on PubMed
Chromosoma. Jun, 2004 | Pubmed ID: 15185094
As part of our effort to induce and identify mutations in all genes on chromosome 4 of Drosophila melanogaster, we have mapped the breakpoints of eight chromosome 4 deficiencies relative to the predicted genes along this chromosome. Although the approximate locations of Df(4)G, Df(4)C3, Df(4)M101-62f, Df(4)M101-63a, Df(4)J2, Df(4)O2, Df(4)C1-10AT, and Df(4)B2-2D are known (some from cytological observations and others predicted from P element locations), the extents of these deletions have not been mapped with respect to the predicted genes identified by the Drosophila Genome Project. Polymerase chain reaction primers were designed to amplify the predicted exons of all chromosome 4 genes, and homozygous embryos for each deficiency were identified and their DNA used to test for the presence or absence of these exons. By testing for the inability to amplify various exons along the length of the chromosome, we were able to determine which predicted genes are missing in each deficiency. The five deficiencies, Df(4)G, Df(4)C3, Df(4)C1-10AT, and Df(4)B2-20 (all terminal deletions), and Df(4)M101-62f (a proximal interstitial deletion), enabled us to partition the gene-containing, right arm of chromosome 4 into five regions. Region A [uncovered by Df(4)M101-62f] contains the proximal-most 21 genes; region B [uncovered by Df(4)B2-2D] contains the next 12 genes; region C [uncovered by Df(4)B2-2D and Df(4)C1-10AT] contains the next 17 genes; region D [uncovered by Df(4)B2-2D, Df(4)C1-10AT, and Df(4)C3] contains the next 21 genes; and region E [uncovered by Df(4)B2-2D, Df(4)C1-10AT, Df(4)C3, and Df(4)G] contains the distal-most ten genes. By using Df(4)M101-62f, Df(4)B2-2D, Df(4)C1-10AT, Df(4)C3, and Df(4)G in complementation tests, we can assign newly induced recessive lethal mutations to one of the five regions on chromosome 4. This will substantially reduce the amount of DHPLC analysis required to match each mutation to a predicted transcript on chromosome 4.
High-resolution Mapping of the Drosophila Fourth Chromosome Using Site-directed Terminal Deficiencies
Genetics. May, 2005 | Pubmed ID: 15466427
For more than 80 years, the euchromatic right arm of the Drosophila fourth chromosome (101F-102F) has been one of the least genetically accessible regions of the fly genome despite the fact that many important genes reside there. To improve the mapping of genes on the fourth chromosome, we describe a strategy to generate targeted deficiencies and we describe 13 deficiencies that subdivide the 300 kb between the cytological coordinates 102A6 and 102C1 into five discrete regions plus a 200-kb region from 102C1 to 102D6. Together these deficiencies substantially improve the mapping capabilities for mutant loci on the fourth chromosome.
Crossveinless Defines a New Family of Twisted-gastrulation-like Modulators of Bone Morphogenetic Protein Signalling
EMBO Reports. Mar, 2005 | Pubmed ID: 15711536
The Twisted gastrulation (Tsg) proteins are modulators of bone morphogenetic protein (BMP) activity in both vertebrates and insects. We find that the crossveinless (cv) gene of Drosophila encodes a new tsg-like gene. Genetic experiments show that cv, similarly to tsg, interacts with short gastrulation (sog) to modulate BMP signalling. Despite this common property, Cv shows a different BMP ligand specificity as compared with Tsg, and its expression is limited to the developing wing. These findings and the presence of two types of Tsg-like protein in several insects suggest that Cv represents a subgroup of the Tsg-like BMP-modulating proteins.
Developmental Cell. Jun, 2005 | Pubmed ID: 15935780
The dorsoventral axis of the Drosophila embryo is patterned by a gradient of bone morphogenetic protein (BMP) ligands. In a process requiring at least three additional extracellular proteins, a broad domain of weak signaling forms and then abruptly sharpens into a narrow dorsal midline peak. Using experimental and computational approaches, we investigate how the interactions of a multiprotein network create the unusual shape and dynamics of formation of this gradient. Starting from observations suggesting that receptor-mediated BMP degradation is an important driving force in gradient dynamics, we develop a general model that is capable of capturing both subtle aspects of gradient behavior and a level of robustness that agrees with in vivo results.
PloS One. 2010 | Pubmed ID: 20463966
It has been long appreciated that speciation involves changes in body plans and establishes genetic, reproductive, developmental and behavioral incompatibilities between populations. However, little is still known about the genetic components involved in these changes or the sequence and scale of events that lead to the differentiation of species.
Fly. Jan, 2012 | Pubmed ID: 22198523
The fourth chromosome of Drosophila remains one of the most intractable regions of the fly genome to genetic analysis. The main difficulty posed to the genetic analyses of mutations on this chromosome arises from the fact that it does not undergo meiotic recombination, which makes recombination mapping impossible, and also prevents clonal analysis of mutations, a technique which relies on recombination to introduce the prerequisite recessive markers and FLP-recombinase recognition targets (FRT). Here we introduce a method that overcomes these limitations and allows for the generation of single Minute haplo-4 clones of any fourth chromosome mutant gene in tissues of developing and adult flies.