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In JoVE (1)
- В естественных условиях эндоцитоза печени с последующей очисткой клеток печени путем перфузии печени
Other Publications (3)
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Articles by Sandhya Gopalakrishnan in JoVE
В естественных условиях эндоцитоза печени с последующей очисткой клеток печени путем перфузии печени
Sandhya Gopalakrishnan, Edward N. Harris
Department of Biochemistry, University of Nebraska, Lincoln
Исследование печени синусоидальных эндотелиальных клеток (СПК) должны быть выполнены с первичными клеток, полученных от животных, как не клеточные линии существуют. Этот метод основан на пищеварение печени и дифференциального центрифугирования в течение SEC очистки для последующего выращивания и экспериментов.
Other articles by Sandhya Gopalakrishnan on PubMed
The Journal of Chemical Physics. Dec, 2004 | Pubmed ID: 15634142
Dispersed fluorescence (DF) spectra of 1-propoxy, 1-butoxy, 2-propoxy, and 2-butoxy radicals have been observed under supersonic jet cooling conditions by pumping different vibronic bands of the B-X laser induced fluorescence excitation spectrum. The DF spectra were recorded for both conformers of 1-propoxy, three conformers of the possible five of 1-butoxy, the one possible conformer of 2-propoxy, and two conformers of the possible three of 2-butoxy. Analysis of the spectra yields the energy separations of the vibrationless levels of the ground X and low-lying A electronic state as well as their vibrational frequencies. In all cases, the vibrational structure of the DF spectra is dominated by a CO stretch progression yielding the nuCO stretching frequency for the X state and in most cases for the A state. In addition to the experimental work, quantum chemical calculations were carried out to aid the assignment of the vibrational levels of the X state and for some conformers the A state as well. Geometry optimizations of the different conformers of the isomers were performed and their energy differences in the ground states were determined. The results of the calculation of the energy separations of the close-lying X and A states of the different conformations are provided for comparison with the experimental observations.
Air-liquid Interfaces of Aqueous Solutions Containing Ammonium and Sulfate: Spectroscopic and Molecular Dynamics Studies
The Journal of Physical Chemistry. B. May, 2005 | Pubmed ID: 16852054
Investigations of the air-liquid interface of aqueous salt solutions containing ammonium (NH(4)(+)) and sulfate (SO(4)(2-)) ions were carried out using molecular dynamics simulations and vibrational sum frequency generation spectroscopy. The molecular dynamics simulations show that the predominant effect of SO(4)(2-) ions, which are strongly repelled from the surface, is to increase the thickness of the interfacial region. The vibrational spectra reported are in the O-H stretching region of liquid water. Isotropic Raman and ATR-FTIR (attenuated total reflection Fourier transform infrared) spectroscopies were used to study the effect of ammonium and sulfate ions on the bulk structure of water, whereas surface sum frequency generation spectroscopy was used to study the effect of these ions on the interfacial structure of water. Analysis of the interfacial and bulk vibrational spectra reveal that aqueous solutions containing SO(4)(2-) perturb the interfacial water structure differently than the bulk and, consistent with the molecular dynamics simulations, reveal an increase in the thickness of the interfacial region.
Chemical Reviews. Apr, 2006 | Pubmed ID: 16608176